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Bahawalpur
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Bahawalpur (also Bhawalpur, Bhawulpore) ( Urdu: بہاولپور ) is a city of ( 1998 pop. 403,408) located in Bahawalpur District, Punjab Pakistan. Bahawalpur is located south of the Sutlej River and it lies in the Cholistan region. It is situated 90 km from Multan, 420 km from Lahore and about 700 km from the national capital Islamabad. It was the capital of the former princely state of Bahawalpur. The city of Bahawalpur is famous for its kind-hearted people known as the Saraikis.

History

The city was founded in 1748 by Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan Abbasi I, whose descendants ruled the area until it joined Pakistan in 1947. The State of Bahawalpur was one of the largest states of British India, more than 450 kilometres long, and was ruled by General H.H. Jalalat ul-Mulk, Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Al-Haj Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Amir of the God gifted kingdom of Bahawalpur, GCSI (1.1.1941, KCSI 1.3.1929), GCIE (3.6.1931), KCVO who decided to join Pakistan at the time of independence in 1947. The state maintained its sovereignty until 1955.

The Royal House of Bahawalpur is said to be of Arabic origin and claim descent from Abbas, progenitor of the Abbasid Caliphs of Baghdad and Cairo. Sultan Ahmad II, son of Shah Muzammil of Egypt left that country and arrived in Sind with a large following of Arabs ca. 1370. He married a daughter of Raja Rai Dhorang Sahta, receiving a third of the country I dowry. Amir Fathu'llah Khan Abbasi, is the recognized ancestor of the dynasty. He conquered the bhangar territory from Raja Dallu, of Alor and Bhamanabad, renaming it Qahir Bela. Amir Muhammad Chani Khan Abbasi entered the imperial service and gained appointment as a Panchhazari in 1583. At his death, the leadership of the tribe was contested between two branches of the family, the Daudputras and the Kalhoras. Amir Bahadur Khan Abbasi abandoned Tarai and settled near Bhakkar, founding the town of Shikarpur in 1690. Daud Khan, the first of his family to rule Bahawalpur, originated from Scind where he had opposed the Afghan Governor of that province and was forced to flee. The Nawab entered into Treaty relations with the HEIC, 22nd February 1833. The state acceded to the Dominion of Pakistan on 7th October 1947 and was merged into the state of West Pakistan on 14th October 1955.

Famous Families

There are so many famous & respectful families like Meer Family, Gardaizi Family, Jalwanah Family, Family of Siddique Muhammad khan ( www.umeedain.com) etc.

Meer Family

Meer Family of Meer Syed Muhammad Hussain Esq. of Rahim Yar Khan.

Meer Syed Muhammad Hussain Esq. had eight sons in which his elder most son Meer Syed Ghulam Muhammad Shah Esq. selected this city for his residence and died in 1976. He served as a Deputy Collector in Irrigation Department of Bahawal Pur State. His elder son Meer Syed Akhter Hussain Bokhari Esq. was also a Deputy Superintendent Jail Bahawal Pur and he was died in 2001. His 3rd son Meer Syed Zafar Hussain Bokhari Esq. was Principal at Govt. College of Commerce, Bahawal Pur. Now he is running his own private college in the name of Islamiah College of Commerce. His 4th son Meer Syed Asghar Hussain Bokhari Esq. was a best cricket player. He had gone to UK in 1956 with Pakistan Eaglets team and stayed there. Now he is a Councilor at Birmingham. His 5th and younger most son Meer Syed Afzal Hussain Bokhari Esq. was an Advocate as well as Secretary, Divisional Cricket Association Bahawal Pur. He was also a very good player of cricket. He died in 2005. The 2nd elder son of Meer Syed Muhammad Hussain Esq. was Meer Syed Tassaduq Hussain Esq. He was a Police Inspector and died in 1953. His elder son Meer Syed Aftab Hussain was a Doctor and he was migrated to UK and died there in 2004. The 4th son of Meer Syed Muhammad Hussain Esq. was Meer Syed Tajammul Hussain Esq. who was a Secretary of Rahim Yar Khan Municipal Committee. Then he was transferred to Bahawal Pur in the same capacity. The 7th son of Meer Syed Muhammad Hussain Esq. is Meer Syed Inayat Hussain Shah Esq. had served as Extra Additional Commissioner. He is still living there. His elder son Meer Syed Mujahid Hussain Shah is a Divisional Statical Officer. His younger son Meer Syed Shujaat Hussain is an Orthopedic Surgeon at B.V. Hospital.

Education

It also boasts a number of reputable educational establishments namely The Islamia University, Quaid-e-Azam Medical College and the Sadiq Public School, Bahawalpur, which is one of the biggest schools in Pakistan and whole of Asia. The weather is hot and dry. Summer temperatures reach high forties degrees Celsius. There is very little rainfall.

There are many colleges some are given below;

Government SE college Post Grduate college baghdad road Technology college Vocational colleges Four degree colleges Commerece college Tebiya Colleges Four elementary colleges for teaching training Wildlife

One of the few zoos in Pakistan is located in Bahawalpur. Located over an area of several acres inside the city, it contains a variety of animal species including asiatic lions, bengal tigers, hyenas, leopards, peacocks alongside a variety of other animals. Located near the city is the Lal Sohanra National Park, one of the few safaris in the country housing large animals including lions and rhinoceres.

Sites of interest Royal Family Palace: Noor Mahal Gerenal Noor Mahal (House of the Royal Family) Farid Gate Bahawlpur Museum Bahawlpur National Library Bahawalpur Zoo Mausoleums Channen Peer Tomb Mausoleums of Haugha Sahib Fort of Munde Shahid

The old fort of Munde Shahid, 50 km from Bahawalpur and Marot Fort are considered to be antiquities. A place outside the Marot Fort is known as 'Baithak Maula Ali'. The tomb of Naugaza is located in the Munde Sharif Fort. The famous fort of Derawar is located near the city, being the private fort of the former royal family who continue to be major political players in Pakistan.

The Lal Sohanra National Park is also located close to the city. Architectural monuments include the former royal family's palaces namely Darbar Mahal, Gulzar Mahal and Noor Mahal. All Mahals are now under military control.

Economy

Bahawalpur has only one railroad bridge over the Sutlej River, making it an important rail centre. The surrounding area is mostly agricultural, which allows agricultrual exports to many parts of the world. There is also a large market town for mangoes, dates, wheat, sugarcane, and cotton that bring in continuous demand all year round. In addition, it has soap making and cotton spinning factories, as well as enterprises producing silk and cotton textiles, carpets, and pottery. Bahwalpur has also sugar mill near a drive of 40 mins.

See also Punjab is Pakistan's most fertile province, rich in both agriculture and ancient history. It's also one of the more stable of the country's regions, and travellers should have few of the problems that are faced further south and in the north. The prosperous and hospitable town of Bahawalpur is a gentle introduction to the area. From here you can journey into Cholistan - a sandy wasteland dotted with nomadic communities and wind-swept forts - or the Lal Suhanra National Park, an important wildlife reserve. Further north is Harappa which is, after Moenjodaro, the second most important site of the Indus Valley civilisation. Bahawalpur is the most southerly town in the Punjab. There are dialy flights from Islamabad about 555km (344mi) away. Most of the major destinations in the Punjab can be reached by bus, mini bus, and train.
Bahawalpur Bahawalpur is 899 km from Karachi. The founder of the state of Bahawalpur was Nawab Bahawal Khan Abbasi I. The Abbasi family ruled over the State for more than 200 years (1748 to 1954). during the rule of the last Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V, Bahawalpur State was merged with Pakistan in 1954.  Bahawalpur was formerly the capital of the state and now is the District and Divisional Headquarters of Bahawalpur Division. It is an important marketing centre for the surrounding areas and is located on the cross roads between Peshawar, Lahore, Quetta and Karachi. Saraiki is the local language of the area. Urdu, Punjabi and English are also spoken and understood by most the people. There are three palaces, the main one Noor Mehal. Bahawalpur is also known for its distinctly embroiderd slippers and shoes and the filigree pottery which is made here. It has a marble mosque in the Fawara Chowk and a few British buildings like the Science College. Bahawalpur has a modest museum having a fine collection of coins, medals, postage stamps of former State of Bahawalpur, manuscripts, documents, inscriptions, wood carvings, camel skin paintings, historical models and stone carving etc. of Islamic and pre-Islamic period. The Cholistan desert zone and the cultural life of this area, forts, monuments, palaces, museum, zoo, stadium and a fine cricket ground in and around Bahawalpur are main attractions. Lal Suhanra National Park The Lal Suhanra National Park is ideal for recreation, education or research but shooting is forbidden. This park, 36 kms to the east of Bahawalpur, is a combination of a natural lake and a beautiful forest on 77480 acres of land on both sides of the Bahawal canal having watchtowers, catching ground, tourist huts, rest-houses, camping grounds and treks for the visitors and lovers of adventure. Hog deer, ravine deer, black buck and nilgai are common. Fox, jackals, hares, porcupines, mongoose, larks, owls and hawks are also found. Wild boars are in large number in the forest areas. Lal Suhanra National Park which is actually a wildlife sancturary worth a visit.

The Cholistan Desert


East of Bahawalpur is the Cholistan Desert which covers an area of about 15,000 square km and extends into the Thar Desert of India. The region was once watered by the Hakra River, known as the Saravati in vedic times. At one time there were 400 forts in the area and archaeological finds around the Darawar Fort, the only place with a perennial waterhole, indicate that it was contemporaneous with the Indus Valley Civilisation. The average annual rainfall is only 12 cm, and the little cultivation there is, is made possible by underground wells, drawn up by the camels. The water is stored in troughs, built by the tribes, between sandhills and din waterholes called tobas. The people are racially similar to those in Rajasthan - tall, with sharp features. They live in large, round, mud and grass huts, usually built on the top of sandhills. On the whole, they are pastoral and nomadic. The main tribes are the Chachar, Mehr, Lar, Paryar, Channar, Chandani and Bohar. The forts here were built at 29 km intervals, which probably served as guard posts for the camel caravan routes. There were three rows of these forts. the first line of forts began from Phulra and ended in Lera, the second from Rukhanpur to Islamgarh, and the third from Bilcaner to Kapoo. They are all in ruins now, and you can see that they were built with double walls of gypsum blocks and mud. Some of them date back to 1000 BC, and were destroyed and rebuilt many times.

Desert Jeep Rally.

The most interesting event held annually the month ot March is the Cholistan's Desert Jeep Rally. it is held at famous Derawar Fort and vehicles covers the round about distance of 250 km. It includes the vehicles ranging from 1300 cc to 3000 cc plus. Thrillers gathers from all over the Pakistan to enjoy the spring in sand.

A city of good summer/winter sunshine. A lovely place to visit in winters. An international level and free sports facility and library. A safari park and loads of rustic life on show.

This city also offers a Zoo which is one of its kind. it has a big population of lions,  including Bengal tigers.

Bahawalpur is small and its easy to find your way around the town. Its a nice place to spend a few days if you are tired from being in big cities like Lahore and Multan, or tired of being in the middle of nowhere in Cholistan.  The central bazar still feels quite historical, although a bit ramshackle.  The Cantt area is nice and relatively green.

Bahawalpur City, is located in southeastern Punjab province, Pakistan. Bahawalpur is 889 kms from Karachi.

Saraiki is the local language of the area. Urdu, Punjabi and English are also spoken and understood by most of the people.
Bahawalpur originally was a vassal of the great Sikh empire built by Maharajah Ranjeet Singh. In 1936 Bahawalpur stopped paying tribute and openly declared independence. In the Anglo Sikh wars Bahawalpur supported the British and this gurantedd its survival.The founder of the

State of Bahawalpur was Nawab Bahawal Khan Abbasi I. The Abbasi family ruled over the State for more than 200 years (1748 to 1954). During the rule of the last Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V, Bahawalpur State was merged with Pakistan. During the 1960's (1954) the Nawab agreed (Agreement Dated 3rd October, 1947) for Bahawalpur to be absorbed into modern Pakistan. He was however given special priveledges including the right to import several cars duty free each year. Bahawalpur was formerly the capital of the state and now is the District and Divisional Headquarters of Bahawalpur Division.
The Nawabs of Bahawalpur originally came from Sindh; they formed a princely state and assumed independence in 1802.

The City, which lies just south of the Sutlej River, was founded in 1748 by Muhammad Bahawal Khan and was incorporated as a municipality in 1874. It is the site of the Adamwahan (Empress) Bridge, the only Railway Bridge over the Sutlej River in Pakistan, and has rail links with Peshawar and Karachi.

The region surrounding Bahawalpur to the west, called the Sindh, is a fertile alluvial tract in the Sutlej River valley that is irrigated by floodwaters, planted with groves of date palms, and thickly populated. The chief crops are wheat, gram, cotton, sugarcane, and dates. Sheep and cattle are raised for export of wool and hides. East of Bahawalpur is the Pat, or Bar, a tract of land considerably higher than the adjoining valley. It is chiefly desert irrigated by the Sutlej inundation canals and yields crops of wheat, cotton, and sugarcane. Farther east, the Rohi, or Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with mound ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. The principal inhabitants of the region surrounding Bahawalpur are Jat and Baluchi peoples. There are many historical sites in the area, including Uch, southwest of Bahawalpur, an ancient town dating from Indo-Scythian (Yüeh-chih) settlement (c. 128 BC to AD 450). Pop. (1981) City, 180,263; (1981 prelim.) metropolitan area, 695,000.

Bahawalpur is also an important agricultural training and educational center. Soapmaking and cotton ginning are important enterprises; cotton, silk, embroidery, carpets, and extraordinarily delicate pottery are produced. Factories producing cottonseed oil and cottonseed cake were built in the 1970s. It is an important marketing center for the surrounding areas and is located on the crossroads between Peshawar, Lahore, Quetta and Karachi. Bahawalpur is also known for its distinctly embroidered slippers and shoes and the filigree pottery which is made here.

The City is located favorably for commerce, lying at the junction of trade routes from the east, south-east, and south. It is a center for trade in wheat, cotton, millet, and rice grown in the surrounding region. Dates and mangoes are also grown here. Canals supply water for irrigation. The principal industries are cotton ginning, rice and flour milling, and the handweaving of textiles.

Sutlej (Chinese, Langqên Zangbo or Xiangquan He; Indian, Satlej), chief tributary of the Indus River. It rises in Tibet, flows south-west through Himachal Pradesh State, India, and then passes through the great arid plains of Punjab Province, Pakistan, joining the Indus after a course of about 1,450 km (900 mi.). The Sutlej is the south-easternmost of the five rivers of the Punjab, the other four being its two main tributaries, the Beâs and the Chenab, together with two branches of the latter. Below the confluence of the Beâs, the river is sometimes called the Ghara, and its lowest course, after receiving the Chenab, is called the Panjnad ("five rivers").

Rulers of Bahawalpur

The rulers were sindhi abbasids of shikarpur and sukkur who captured thses areas.Because of this fact,people of upper sindh which afterwords became state bahawalpur did not dislike the rulers.They took the title of Amir until 1740, when the title changed to Nawab Amir. Although the title was abolished in 1955, the current head of the House of Bahawalpur ( Sallah ud-din Muhammad Khan) uses the title informally. From 1942, the Nawabs were assisted by Prime Ministers.

ABBAS NAGAR

Abbas Nagar is an important QASBA(Village) of Bahawalpur district. It is located on Bahawalpur, Bahawal Nagar road at 25KM from Bahawalpur. main crops of Abbas Nagar are Cotton,Wheat and Sugar Cane.The population of the QASBA is 15000 (Appro as per Govt. in 2004).

Tenure Nawab Amir of Bahawalpur 1690 - 1702 Bahadur Khan II 1702 - 1723 Mobarak Khan I 1723 - 11 April 1746 Sadeq Mohammad Khan I 11 April 1746 - 12 June 1750 Mohammad Bahawal Khan I 12 June 1750 - 4 June 1772 Mobarak Khan II 4 June 1772 - 13 August 1809 Mohammad Bahawal Khan II 13 August 1809 - 17 April 1826 Sadeq Mohammad Khan II 17 April 1826 - 19 October 1852 Mohammad Bahawal Khan III 19 October 1852 - 20 February 1853 Sadeq Mohammad Khan III 20 February 1853 - 3 October 1858 Fath Mohammad Khan 3 October 1858 - 25 March 1866 Mohammad Bahawal Khan IV 25 March 1866 - 14 February 1899 Sadeq Mohammad Khan IV 14 February 1899 - 15 February 1907 Mohammad Bahawal Khan V 15 February 1907 - 14 October 1955 Sadeq Mohammad Khan V 14 October 1955 State of Bahawalpur abolished Tenure

Prime Minister of Bahawalpur 1942 - 1947 Sir Richard Marsh Crofton 1948 - 1952 John Dring 1952 - 14 October 1955 A.R. Khan 14 October 1955 State of Bahawalpur abolished

WORTH SITE IN BAHAWAL PUR

Cholistan

Farther east, the Rohi, or Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. It is at a distance of 30 km. from Bahawalpur. The word 'Cholistan' is derived from the word 'cholna' which means moving.

It covers an area of about 16,000 square km and extends into the Thar Desert of India. The region was once watered by the Hakra River, known as the Saravati in vedic times.

At one time there were 400 forts in the area and archaeological finds around the Darawar Fort, the only place with a perennial waterhole.

The average annual rainfall is only 12 cm, and the little cultivation is made possible by underground wells, drawn up by the camels. The water is stored in troughs, built by the tribes, between sandhills and din waterholes called tobas.

The forts here were built at 29 km intervals, which probably served as guard posts for the camel caravan routes. There were three rows of these forts. the first line of forts began from Phulra and ended in Lera, the second from Rukhanpur to Islamgarh, and the third from Bilcaner to Kapoo. They are all in ruins now, and you can see that they were built with double walls of gypsum blocks and mud. Some of them date back to 1000 BC, and were destroyed and rebuilt many times. Cholistan also boasts of many old forts such as Derawar,Vingrot, Banwar, Marcot, Wilhar, Maujgharh, Mao, Phuira and Din-gharh etc.

Derawar Mosque

Also worth visiting is the Derawar Mosque, which is 100 years old and is built with white marble stone. The Derawar mosque of marble is a thing of beauty, an exact replica of the Moti Masjid of the Red Fort of Delhi.

Noor Mahal

A beautiful palace built like a Italian chateau on neoclassical lines, strangely at a time when modernism had set in. Built in 1872, there are diverse stories doing the rounds regarding its construction. According to one belief, Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV had the palace made for his wife. However, she was there for one night, only as she happened to see the adjoining graveyard from her balcony, and refused to spend another night there. As the story goes, it remained unused during his reign. The Noor Mahal located in Cantt and in the jurisdiction of Pakistan Army.

Channan Pir

From Bahawalpur at a distance of 1 hour drive is Channan Pir in Cholistan desert. Channan Pir is a shrine of a Muslim saint, which lies in the desert between Derawar and Din Gargh Forts.

Burial Ground

Another interesting place worth visiting here is the Nawab Family burial ground where many of the old Nawabs and their families are buried. The tomb here is attractive, built with marble and decorated with blue glazed style.

Uch Sharif

Uch Sharif, 75 km from Bahawalpur is a very old town. It is believed that it came into existence way back in 500 BC. Some historians believe that Uch was there even before the advent of Bikramajit when Jains and Buddhist ruled over the sub-continent. At the time of the invasion by Alexander the Great, Uch was under Hindu rule.

The surviving shrines, sanctuaries, cemeteries, and mausoleums, including the Bibi Jawandi tomb, incorporate glazed tile and brick revetments, lime plaster panels, terra-cotta embellishments, brick structural walls laid in earth mortars, and ingenious corner tower buttresses. The famous shrines existing at Uch include those of Hazrat Bahawal Haleem, Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh Bukhari, Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht, Shaikh Saifuddin Ghazrooni and Bibi Jawanadi. The shrine of Bibi Jawandi is a Central Asian design, titled in the blue and white faience.

Uch is a small town today and divided into three different quarters known as:

(i) Uch Bukhari, after Hazrat Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari Surkhposh
(ii) Uch Jilani, after the name of Hazrat Shaikh Mohammad Ghaus Qadri Jilani (Bandagi), who came from Halab in 887 AH
(iii) Uch Mughlan after the Mughal rulers.

Mosque at Bhong

Bhong Mosque is in the Rahim Yar Khan district and is about 200 km from Bahawalpur. This mosque was built by Rais Ghazi, a local landlord of Bhong. Gold leaves have been used for the intricate decorative work in the mosque which has made it famous. It is a site worth visiting for its beauty and the stylish calligraphic work.

Lal Suhanra National Park

This park is ideal for recreation, education or research but shooting is forbidden. This park, 36 km to the east of Bahawalpur is a combination of a natural lake and forest. It covers an area of 77,480 acres of land and is spread over on both sides of Bahawalpur canal. It has watch-towers, catching ground, tourist huts, rest house, camping grounds, TDCP Resort and treks for the visitors and lovers of nature. Hog deer, ravine deer, black buck and nilgai are common. Fox, jackals, hares, porcupines, mongoose, larks, owls and hawks are also found. Wild boars are in large number in the forest areas.

Sadiq Garh Palace

In Ahmadpur East is situated another palace called Sadiq Garh Palace. It is in the use of the ex-royal family's descendants. This palace can be termed as the prettiest of the other palaces and is embellished with most delicate and intricate paintings. It displays chandeliers and a collection of carpets, coming from all over the world, apart from armaments of European and Asian make and a number of other gifts that must have been showered on the ex-royal family of Bahawalpur from time to time.

Dera Nawab Sahib

The palaces of the Amirs are located mainly in Dera Nawab Saheb at a distance of 22 miles from Bahawalpur; while, Derawar was the ancestral seat of the rulers of Bahawalpur. It is the gateway to Cholistan, which comprises 1,000 square miles.

Panjnad Head Works

Panjnad is located 12 km. away from Uch Sharif where all the five rivers of Punjab meet. It is a nice picnic spot with scenic beauty.

Forts

The old fort of Munde Shahid, 50 km. from Bahawalpur and Marot Fort are considered to be antiquities. A place outside the Marot Fort is known as 'Baithuk Maula Ali'. The tomb of 'Naugaza' is located in the Munde Shahid Fort.
Islam Garh Fort

Islam Garh ,the old Bhinwar Fort, was built by Rawal Bhim Singh in Samabat in 1665, as the following inscription on its gate in Babri character proves "Samabat 1665 Asuj Wadi 2, Maharaj Rawal Siri Bhim Singh ji Maharaj". The Fort is situated in the Cholistan area of Tehsil Khanpur. It is 46 kilometers south east of Baghla Fort. The fort is in a dilapidated state.

Mau Bubarik Fort

According to Tarikh-e-Murad, a fort was built by Raj Hans Karar in Mau Mubarik as a residence for his mother, hence the name Mau refers to mother in local language. The fort was taken by Shah Arghun in 1525 A.D. It was one of the six fortresses of Raj Sahasi 11. It had 20 bastions and Towers. The ramparts were about 549 meters in circumference and the walls very strongly and thickly built. Here the shrine of a saint Sheikh Hakim is of great importance.

Some Shrines

Other shrines of Bahawalpur region are that of

» Khawaja Noor Muhammad known as Qibla-e-Alam at Chistian
» Shrine of another saint at Chachran
» Shrine of Hazrat Mohkam Din known as 'Sahib-us-Sair' (great traveler) at Khanqah Sharif, 20 km. from Bahawalpur.

Pattan Minara

8 km. east of Rahim Yar Khan railway station is an extensive site of ruins known as 'Pattan Minara'. There is a tower in the center of four smaller towers at this place, which are believed to have been a Buddhist Monastery.

The ruins of Pattan Minara are located at a distance of about 8 kilometers in east south of Rahim Yar Khan city. It has variously been described as the remains of Asahoka period, who built it in 250 B.C. or a Buddhist monastery. Nearby the minar, remains of a fort, a mosque and some tunnels are also visible. About 110 years ago Colonel Minchin a political agent of Ex-Bahawalpur state started the excavation of these tunnels but discontiued digging for some reasons or other. According to Colonel Toy it was the capital of the Hindu kingdom in 10 A.D. In the mid of the 18th century A.D. Fazal Elahi Khan Halani a Daupauta chief destroyed it and used its materials in the construction of Baghla and Dingar Fort.

Bhutta Wahan

It is 15 km. from Rahim Yar Khan. It is believed to be the birthplace of 'Sassi', one of the legendary lovers. Also it is believd to be the birthplace of 'Abu-ul-Fazal and Faizi', the sons of Mullah Mubarak and famous courtiers of Akbar the Great. But nobody knows the exact history of this place precisely.

Musafir Khana

It is at a distance of 30 km. from Bahawalpur. There are seven tombs known as 'Ali Ashab'. These tombs are said to be of the companions of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). A fair is held in the village in the month of May (Jeth) and on Fridays in the month of June (Har).

Wildlife

Hog deer, ravine deer, black buck and blue bull are common. Fox, jackals, hares, porcupines, mongoose, arks, owls and hawks are also found. Wild boars are found in large numbers in the forest areas.
Specialities of Bahawalpur

Bahawalpur is known for its cotton, silk, embroidery, carpets, and extraordinarily delicate pottery, which is produced here.

The Punjab Small Industries Corporation (PSIC) has established a Craft Development Center for Cholistan area, outside Farid Gate, Bahawalpur from where handicrafts manufactured in Cholistan can be purchased.

Flassi

It is a piece of 4-ft * 7-ftsize, made of camel hair and cotton yarn. It is used for wall hanging, as a decoration piece and a carpet.

Gindi or Rilli

It is made of small pieces of many colors of cotton cloth and needle work. It can be used as wall hangings, bed covers, carpets and blankets.

Changaries

Like big plaques, these are made of palm leaves in different bright colors with beautiful patterns and geometric designs. These are used for keeping the 'chapattis' and also as a wall decoration.

Khalti

It is like a purse embroidered on top with multi colored threads.

Aart Work

It is an attractive type of embroidery done on dupatta, kurta and chaddar etc.


Bazaars of Bahawalpur

The main shopping centers of Bahawalpur are Shahi Bazaar, Machli Bazaar, Farid Gate and the Mall.
Jamia Masjid Al-Sadiq Jamia Masjid Al-Sadiq
photo by: Asdaq Amin (asdaqamin@hotmail.com)
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Darra adam khel
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One of the more unusual attractions of Pakistan, Darra is located 35 kilometers south of Peshawar on the road to Kohat, a drive of about 40 minutes.
Hunza valley
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This site takes you to the Northern Areas of Pakistan . The Pakistan is a visitor paradise, with small narrow valleys, fairy meadows of Alpine flowers in all sizes, shapes and colors and of the sweetest fragrance. An area surrounded by snow-capped mountain peaks, they seems un-climbable and impenetrable. This is an area that has had very few tourists or trekkers. There are isolated pockets of still virgin beauty... areas where one can still enjoy the unique culture of unadulterated people and their awesome mountain terrain.

Our company PAT ( Passu Adventure Travel) provides tourist services for   foreign and Local   travelers. We have extensive experience and are providing custom itineraries for individual and group travelers, government Whether you want a getaway vacation or are just passing through, Passu Adventure Travel (PAT)   will be there to provide, assistance with accommodation, guide and sightseeing services, transport and tickets (both train and bus). We have been working hard for years to develop close relationships with hotels, airlines and outfitters to be able to produce competitively-priced services and tours. We do everything to ensure satisfaction and pleasant experience for your guests.

We will be happy to team up with companies in new regions and build fruitful cooperation both in custom referrals and joint tours. We would appreciate your offers of local tours, services and sightseeing programs for cities in Pakistan and other countries.We take great pride in our specialty tours and do everything to ensure satisfaction and complete safety for visitors. Most our tours and itineraries are flexible. Feel free to contact us for any information regarding our tours. We will be happy to answer any questions and meet any requests at info_pat@hotmail.co.uk .  

Baltit Fort, Tibetan style Baltit Fort, Tibetan style
photo by: Cor Langereis
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Islamabad
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This Islamabad travel guide will definitely come in handy during your trip to the capital of Pakistan. Islamabad is considered to be the greenest and the best-planned cities in South Asia. This is the reason why Islamabad is very popular among a lot of tourists. Here are some of the things that you need to know about Islamabad.

Easily Accessible

Islamabad is easily reachable since tourists can get in the city by either taking a plane to the Benazir Bhutto International Airport or by just riding the bus or trains coming from the different cities near Pakistan. Getting around the city is also very easy. You can hire a taxi or rent a car to take you anywhere in the city. Walking in Islamabad is also another thing you can do to get to your destination. Fortunately, Islamabad is a safe place for travelers, thus perfect for all types of tourists, young and old alike.

Architectural Attractions

Since the city was carefully planned prior to building it, Islamabad has numerous buildings with a great deal of detail in the architecture. Such architectural marvels are the Faisal Masjid and the National Monument found in the heart of the city. The city also has many museums and parks. There are simply loads interesting landmarks to see in Islamabad.

Great for Shopping

The city has a wide selection of stores where you can buy cheap items for as low as $15 and expensive items that cost as much as $700. Islamabad also has a lot of western stores if you miss the way you shop back at home. If you want to buy local crafts and merchandise, then Islamabad has its own market in the heart of the city for you to see how locals shop and haggle.

Local and International Cuisine

The city is dotted with a great number of restaurants, so if you are craving for pizza, you can head off to Papa Sallis in F-7 Markaz to sample Italian food while if you are craving for authentic Pakistani food, then you ought to go to Namak Mandi to try local flavors.

Budget-Friendly Accommodations

Islamabad boasts of its budget-friendly accommodations. Whether you try the Continental House which is the best hotel in the city or the Boys Hostel, accommodations only cost between $20 to $150.

Faisal Mousque with its beauty Faisal Mousque with its beauty
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Karachi
City
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There was nothing much at Karachi until the Mirs of Talpur seized it from the Khan of Kalat in 1795 and constructed a mud fort at Manora. Under its protection, a small town grew up, whose population had reached 13,000 by 1818.
Not much happened thereafter until 1st February 1839, when a British ship - the Wellesley - anchored off Manora. Two days later the little fort surrendered without a shot being fired on either side. The fickle finger of fate had
suddenly shoved the sleepy back-water towards becoming a megalopolis, a world city.

WRESTED FROM THE SWAMPS: The settlement was remote and swampy, isolated by hundreds of miles of bleak desert in every direction but the sea. Nonetheless, within four years, the capital of Sind was transferred there and building began in earnest. By 1847 the Napier Barracks (now governinent offices) were completed. A census next year showed that the population had already reached
50,000. The filth and squalor proliferated, everything became plastered with smelly black mud from the mangrove swamps, so a Municipal Committee was formed
to levy funds and provide public utilities. In 1848 the municipality's income was Rs.6,000; in 1849 it was Rs.18,000 and in 1850, Rs.27,000 - an increase
reflecting the mind-boggling population explosion.

The committee laid out a whole network of roads, named after itself; in what is now Central Karachi. Preedy Street was named after the Revenue Commissioner; McLeod Road after the Collector of Customs and so on. Even in those days Karachi had a traffic problem. There were so many carts and carriages that the roads had to be paved with gravel chippings (an unheard of refinement, way ahead of London.) The streets were watered daily by municipal bullock carts, to damp down the dust. As revenues increased, public works were undertaken on a grand scale. Frere Hall (a museum and library) was finished in 1865,
Mereweather Clock Tower in 1867, Boulton Market in 1883, Empress Market in 1889... The town turned into a city.

As people poured in, the drinking water problem, always difficult, became acute. There is no natural source of water in Karachi; all water consumed there must be fetched from somewhere else. Last century, water drawn from the Indus was brought by camel train to the cantonment. The wealthier merchants sent mule carts to the sweetwater springs in nearby Clifton. Less fortunate people bought
drinking water from municipal watercarriers until household pipes could be laid. Though provision proceeded apace, demand has always been ahead of supply. Karachi's poor, in places like Korangi, are still waiting for safe drinking
water.

At the turn of the century a public tram service commenced from Saddar (the cantonment) to the new harbour at Kiamari. The horses wore straw hats to avoid sunstroke and water for them was provided by the philanthropic "Drinking Trough Society of Karachi." The troughs can still be seen here and there in the city. Modernising the harbour commenced in 1860, proceeding by fits and starts. By
1882 the Mereweather Pier was completed and pilgrims for Mecca no longer had to embark at Manora. By 1900, Karachi was one of the the biggest and best outfitted ports in the world. Nonetheless, it continued to be troubled by the ague and the plague until the sanitation system was completed, just after the first World War. The war itself brought immense prosperity to Karachi's
merchants. Clifton's promenade, pier and park were gifted to the city by Sir Jehangir H. Kothari OBE in 1919. The complex Cost Rs.300,000 to build, an absolute fortune in those days. Other public parks, including the Zoological
Gardens on Garden Road were laid out at this time. Even more new roads and buildings were constructed in the interwar period. As the population approached the quarter million mark, those who could moved out to the suburbs, building houses in a style best described as "South Asian Hollywood." commuting arrived with a vengeance and one of the world's first rapid transit systems was inaugurated.

MELTING POT: The building of Karachi attracted Goan cooks, Anglo-Indian bartenders, Sikh bricklayers, and Chinese washermen. Parsi, Hindu and Jain merchants came from Gujarat and Rajasthan. Until Partition, their camel
caravans regularly crossed the Thar. The Parsis built a Tower of Death out at Korangi. A few of the merchants' big mansions still remain downtown. The Lebanese community became sizeable. People of African descent can also be seen in and around Karachi.  Abyssinia  i.e. modern day Ethiopia  is called  Habashah in Arabic, Persian and Urdu.  This became a generic name for all persons originating from Africa except for those coming from North Africa. Africans were captured and sold as slave to Persian and Baluchi rulers. These people who populate Makran are called Makranis or Habashi.

At Partition, Hindus, Armenians and Jews left the city en masse. Muslim refugees from India, calling themselves Mohajir, migrated in by train, boat, air, truck, even on foot. It is not known how many millions arrived. Karachi,new capital of a new country, was so pushed for space that its government servants had to sleep in the public parks and gardens in tents! The travler further diversify the ethnic mix of the city. Many English stayed on, their ranks now depleted by age. Vintage couples can be spotted at their usual watering holes, the Metropole Hotel and the statelier clubs in the early evening.

Subsequent decades have seen the influx unabated. The Karachi Development Authority instituted the upgrading of amenities on a massive scale: new housing colonies, public buildings, roads, schools, colleges, markets, bazaars, business centres, to keep pace with development needs. Cycle rickshaws have now been replaced by thousands of scooter-rickshaws.

After Pakistan's civil war in 1971, thousands of Biharis (Urdu-speaking Muslims from Bangladesh) arrived by boat. In the 1980s Afghan refugees joined migrant workers from the Frontier who have laboured as dockworkers and porters for decades. Meanwhile, "economic refugees" from Pakistan's less developed areas, like Gilgit, Chitral and Hunza head for Karachi in search of jobs. The original
Sindhi speaking population is now a minority in the city.

Gas supply lines from Sui in Baluchistan were laid, the Hub Dam Scheme extended the Greater Karachi Water Project and the Circular Railway was completed. In the 1960s, two huge industrial areas were built, at Sind Industrial Estate and Landhi and in the 1970s three more: the Export Processing Zone, Pakistan Steel Mills Complex and Muhammad Bin Qasim Container Port. In the following decade, work on KANUPP, Karachi's nuclear power station, was inaugurated. Industrial growth has been spectacular.

RICH AND POOR: Original home of Pakistan's film and music industries, Karachi in the 1980s made more films and exported them to more countries than Hollywood. It houses the very latest in modern technology. The city works and sleeps in a haze of brick dust as buildings barely 30 years old are relentlessly torn down and replaced with something more up to date. The population of seven, maybe eight, million now extends over several hundred
square kilometres along the coast and into the desert, residing in modern apartment blocks, prestigious cooperative housing societies called "Colonies",
seaside mansions and sprawling shanty towns on the outskirts, areas of such appalling poverty that it is difficult to see how residents will ever be extricated from their plight. Working 16 hours a day, poor youths toil like
slaves, earning a pittance to produce elegant costume for the city's elite.

Creek Mariner City Creek Mariner City
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Lahore
City
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Lahore is fondly known as "The Heart of Pakistan." There is a popular saying, "He who has not seen Lahore, has not yet been born." Lahore is a charming and unique city with a rich culture and an abundance of artists, poets and films. There are many beautiful gardens to visit, as Lahore is situated on the banks of Riva and the land is fertile. People in Lahore are known for their hospitality and offer a warm welcome. Lahore is a vibrant city with an interesting history. It has been ruled by the Moguls, Sikhs and British before gaining independence. A variety of educational institutes, including the esteemed Government College, are located in Lahore.

Attractions

There are many noteworthy attractions in Lahore and visitors should aim for at least two full days site seeing. Attractions include Lahore Fort, Shalamar gardens, Badshahi Mosque and Lahore Museum. Another activity of interest to visitors is attending a cricket game. The Gadaffi Stadium located in Lahore hosts international games. Cricket is a game that Pakastanis are passionate about and the games are attended by lively crowds. Shopping Bazaars are an exciting experience and there are many to chose from, such as Kashmiri, Suha, Anarkali, Ichra and Chatta. At the bazaars you can find all you could wish for, such as bracelets, clothes and tea. Go treasure hunting amongst the hustle and bustle of the crowds to find the perfect souvenir. There are shopping centers that are worth a visit, such as New Auriga Shopping Centre and Saliq trade Center.

Accommodation

There is a variety of accommodation options to suit all budgets. Cheaper guest houses are the ideal way to meet other travelers. Dorm rooms are also available in budget lodgings, and middle range accommodation is available for visitors seeking something more comfortable. For visitors wanting to relax in luxury there are upmarket hotels in Lahore.

Transport


You can reach Lahore overland by bus or train. Located in Lahore is a busy International Airport, making traveling to Lahore by plane an option. Travel around the city by auto rickshaws, which have negotiable fares. It is best to travel to the city center by auto rickshaw and from there explore the tourist attractions by walking. There is a public bus system, but it can be difficult to negotiate if you are not familiar with the bus routes. Taxis are another option, but most of them do not have meters.

Language


Punjabi and Urdu are the common languages spoken in Lahore, although Lahore has a high level of education and English is widely spoken. Visitors to Lahore should be able to get by speaking English, especially in tourist areas.

Lahore City Museum Lahore City Museum
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Multan
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Multan is a city in south central Punjab province. It is built just east of the Chenab River. About 966 km from Karachi and more or less right in the center of the country lie the ancient city of Multan. Multan, the 'City of Pirs and Shrines' is a prosperous city of bazaars, mosques, shrines and superbly designed tombs.

A circular road around the rampart gave access to the city through thirteen gates. Some of the imposing structures of these gates are still preserved. In the bazaars of the Old City one still comes across tiny shops where craftsmen can be seen busy turning out master-pieces in copper, brass, silver as well as textiles in the traditional fashion.

The old city has narrow colorful bazaars full of local handicrafts and narrow winding lanes. There are many places of historical, cultural and recreational interest in the city.

Multan is a commercial and industrial center, it is connected by road a rail with Lahore and Karachi and by air with Karachi, Quetta, and Faisalabad. Industries include fertilizer, soap, and glass factories; foundries; cotton, woolen and silk textile mills; flour, sugar and oil mills; and a large thermal-power station. It is famous for its handicrafts (ceramics and camel-skin work) and cottage industries. There are hospitals, public gardens, and several colleges affiliated with the University of the Punjab. The University of Multan was established in 1975. Large, irregular suburbs have grown outside the old walled town, and two satellite towns have been set up. The numerous shrines within the old city offer impressive examples of workmanship and architecture.

The Shams-e Tabriz shrine is built almost entirely of sky-blue engraved glazed bricks. That of Shah Rukn-e Alam (Tughlaq period) has one of the biggest domes in Asia. The shrine of Sheikh Yusuf Gardez is masterpiece of the Multani style. Other shrines include the Pahladpuri Temple and the Idgah Mosque (1735).

Ibn Khurdaba described in his book, "The book of Roads and Kingdoms", "Multan being two months journey from Zarani the capital of Sijistan, by the name of  Farj  because  Mohammad, Son of Qasim,  Lieutenant  of  At-Hajjaj,  found  vast  quantities of gold in the city, which was forwarded to the Caliph's treasury so it was called by the  Arabs  the House  of  Gold". Al-Masudi of Baghdad who  visited the valley of the Indus in 303 A.H. (915 A.D.) mentioned about Multan in his book, "The  Meadows  of Gold",  that  "Multan  is  seventy  five  Sindhian Farsangs from Mansura. It is one   of  the  strongest frontier places of the Musulmans and in its neighbourhood there are a hundred and twenty  thousand towns and villages", Al-Masudi also mentioned about the idol and  explained as to how people  living  in  the distant parts of country travel to Multan to perform pilgrimage and in fulfilment of their woes  and religious obligations, they make offerings of money, precious stones, perfumes of every kind and  aloe wood before it. Both tstakhari of Istakhar, or Persepolis, who wrote about the middle of  the  tenth century 340 A.H. (951 A.D.) and Ibn Haukal of Baghdad who based his  work  on  that  of  Istakhari, give glowing accounts of Multan which they described as  a  large,  fortif ied and impregnable city, about half the size of Mansura, the ancient Muslim capital of Sind.  They  also mentioned about the idol of Multan as being held in great veneration by Hindus who flocked to  it from all parts of India.  Sultan Sabuktageen, the Afghan King conquered Multan, but after four years, that  is,  in  980 A.D. it was conquered by a Sardar of the Karamti Tribe who ruled it  for  some  time. 

 

Multan, however, lost its very important position as soon as the British stronghold over the sub-continent grew stronger and stronger. Although peace prevailed in the region but no real progress was made. When independence was achieved in 1947 Multan was a forgotten region. There was no industry; no higher and professional educational Institutions, no high standard hospitals; so much so that there was not even a single recreation park in the whole of the city. It looked more like a town though its population was nearly one lakh. The site of the Old Fort was in ruins. Thorny bushes and ditches were in plenty whispering the awful tale of its ruination, Majority of the roads were unmetalled and the sewerage system too defective to explain.  The history of the district since independence is mainly connected with the expansion of facilities except a few minor changes such as one of its districts, that is, D.G. Khan has been declared as the Divisional Headquarter and some of its Tehsils such as Vehari as the new District etc.
Shah Rukn-i-Alam Shah Rukn-i-Alam
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Peshawar
City
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Peshawar valley is one of the most colorful Pakistani cities (and that's saying a lot!) and the capital city of North West Frontier Province. Its proximity to the Afghan border, give it a real border town flavour, not unlike the Wild West towns of the USA in 19th century.

Peshāwar (known as Pesha-awar or Purushapura in the old days of Gandhara's history) is a city in Pakistan 's North-West Frontier Province, near the eastern end of the Khyber Pass.

Peshawar used to be the capital of the Gandhara empire by Kaniska the First at 58 BC. Being among the ancient cities of the world, it has been for centuries and centuries a centre of trade between the Indian Subcontinent, Afghanistan, central Asia and Europe.

The formalities of dress and manner give way here to a free and easy style, as men encounter men with a firm hand-clasp and a straight but friendly look. Hefty handsome men in baggy trousers and long, loose shirts, wear bullet studded bandoleers across their chests or pistols at their sides as a normal part of their dress, but nowadays you would not be able to see the guns anymore as carying guns has been made illegal.

There is just that little touch of excitement and drama in the air that makes for a frontier land. An occasional salvo of gun fire- no, not a tribal raid or a skirmish in the streets but a lively part of wedding celebrations. Although just-for-fun gun firing has also been banned now you might just be able to hear some. 

The main sights in town and in its sorroundings are, Peshawar Museum in Peshawar cantt, the old Peshawar city, the Qisa Khawani bazaar, Sadar bazaar, the spectecular architecture of Masjid Mohaabt Khan in old city, the Fort Bala-Hissaar, Islamia College, Peshawar University, Rose Garden of Agriculture University Peshawar, the largest Shopping Mall of Pakistan - The Karkhano Market, the guns industry at Darra Adam Khael, the tomb of a sofi scholar and saint, Kaka Sahib Nowshera, the Maqbara (tomb) and Library of legendary sofi poet and leader - Khoshal Khan Khattak at Akora Khattak, the venture spot of two famous rivers of subcontinent, River Indus and River Kabul at Attock and the Mughal erra Attock Fort. You can enjoy hill stations just on few hours drive  away from Peshawar, such as Swat, Chitral Kaghan, Kohat

From Peshawar you can visit the Khyber Pass, which still is the most important pass between central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. For centuries and centuries armies have swept down to plunder the fertile plains of the Indus valley.

Important Links about Peshawar:

www.PeshawarDoctors.com

www.PeshawarHotels.com

www.onlinepeshawar.com

 

Islamia College Peshawar Islamia College Peshawar
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Rawalpindi
City
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Pindi, as Rawalpindi is referred to by most travelers, is quite different from its twin sister Islamabad. Where Islamabad is modern and clean, Pindi is old and populated, and also a lot of fun.

The bazaars of the old city offer exciting bargains. You can leisurely browse in the quaint old shops in Saddar bazaar, Moti bazaar, Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar while Sarafa bazaar is famous for beaten gold and silver jewellery, brass and copper-ware.

Rawalpindi specializes in handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture, Kashmiri silver, shawls and jackets, embroidered and woolen 'Kurtas' and household linen, Potohar Jooties and Chappals (slippers), cane baskets and furniture, walking sticks and hand-woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. You can go shopping for these items at handicraft and carpet shops in Saddar bazaar, especially around Flashman’s Hotel and Rawalpindi Club building on the Mall. Jinnah Park is also a primary attraction due to its history and the newly opened Entertainment complex.

There is also roads which lead off into places such as Gujar Khan Road. This obviously leads to gujar khan. It is a place where most trade occurs and it consists of loads of shops, you can see the bangle ladies everywhere wanting to put bangles on you. There are pathan and rajas in this area.

Bari Imam Bari Imam
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Skardu
Quarter
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Skardu, the capital of Baltistan, is situated on the banks of the mighty river Indus, just 8 km above its confluence with the river Shigar. Around it are high peaks, deep gorges and some of the most beautiful mountain scenery on the planet.

During the summer, Skardu attracts a large number of trekkers and mountaineers from all parts of the world. In fact, the entire region is known as mountaineers' paradise. Nowhere in the world does one find such a large collection of lofty peaks, including K-2 the world's second highest peak, and huge glaciers like Baltoro, Biafo and Siachen, some of the largest in the world outside the Polar region, as in this 16,283 square km (10,118 square miles) of wonderland.

There are five main valleys in the district Baltistan, Shigar, Khaplu, Rondu, Skardu and Kharmang. All of them produce apricots, peaches, pears and apples in such profusion that this region is known as the land of apricots and apples.

SHANGRI LA pakistan SHANGRI LA pakistan
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Swat
City
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Swat-Valley (Switzerland Of The East)

SWAT is one of the most beautiful places on earth, which is also known as switzerland of the East. The lush-green valley, with its rushing torrents, icy-cold lakes, fruit-laden orchards and flower-decked slopes is just about perfect. The area has a rich historical past, too, and played a pivotal role in the development of Buddhism. Ruins of great Buddhist stupas, monasteries and statues are found all over Swat.

Saidu Sharif is the main city in Swat, the city houses the Swat Museum which contains one of the finest collections of Gandhara art in the world. Mingora is olny 3 km away, and has Buddhist sculpture and the ruins of great stupas.

Other beauty spots worth visiting are Marghzar, 12 km from Saidu Sharif, famous for its white marble palace; Kabal, 16 km with its excellent golf course.

History

Swat has been inhabited for over two thousand years and was known in ancient times as Udyana . The first inhabitants were settled in well-planned towns. The independent monarchs of this region came under Achaemenid influence, before reverting back to local control in the 4th century BC. In 327 BC, Alexander the Great fought his way to Udegram and Barikot . In Greek accounts these towns have been identified as Ora and Bazira. By 305 BC, the region became a part of the Mauryan Empire. Around the 2nd century BC, the area was occupied by Buddhists , the Indo-Greeks , and the Kushans who were attracted by the peace and serenity of the land. Swat is thought to be the probable birthplace of Vajrayana Buddhism . There are many archaeological sites in the district, and Buddhist relics are common, testimony to their skills as sculptors and architects.

Buddhist Heritage of Swat

The Swat museum has the footprints of the Buddha , which were found in the Swat valley and can now be seen in the Swat museum. When the Buddha died, His relics (or ashes) were distributed to seven kings, who built stupas over them for veneration..

The Harmarajika stupa ( Taxila ) and Butkarha (Swat) stupa at Jamal Garha were among the earliest stupas of Gandhara . These had been erected on the orders of king Ashoka and contained the real relics of the Buddha.

The Gandhara school is probably credited with the first representation of the Buddha in human form, the portrayal of Buddha in his human shape, rather than shown as a symbol.

As Buddhist art developed and spread outside India, the styles developed here were imitated. For example, in China the Gandhara style was imitated in images made of bronze, with a gradual change in the features of these images. Swat, the land of romance and beauty, is celebrated throughout the world as the holy land of Buddhist learning and piety. Swat acquired fame as a place of Buddhist pilgrimage. Buddhist tradition holds that the Buddha himself came to Swat during his last reincarnation as the Guatama Buddha and preached to the people here.

It is said that the Swat was filled with fourteen hundred imposing and beautiful stupas and monasteries, which housed as many as 6,000 gold images of the Buddhist pantheon for worship and education. There are now more than 400 Buddhist sites covering and area of 160 km in Swat valley only. Among the important Buddhist excavation in Swat an important one is Butkarha-I, containing the original relics of the Buddha

 

Advent of Islam

In the beginning of the 11th century AD, Mahmud of Ghazni advanced through Dir and invaded Swat, defeating Gira, the local ruler, near Udegram. Later, when the King of Kabul Mirza Ulagh Beg attempted to assassinate the dominant chiefs of the Yousafzais they took refuge under the umbrella of the Swati Kings of Swat and Bajour . The whole area was being dominated by the Swati / Jahangiri Sultans of Swat for centuries. According to H. G. Raverty , the Jahangiri Kings of Swat had ruled from Jalalabad to Jehlum . After more than two decades of guerilla war, they were dispossessed by the Yousafzais . The majority of the aboriginal inhabitants of Swat migrated to the Hazara region to the east, where Swatis predominate with their surname Swati, reflecting their link to the region.

 

Demographics

The main language of the area is Pashto. The people of Swat are mainly Pashtuns , Kohistanis and Gujars . Some have very distinctive features and claim to be descendants of the army of Alexander the Great.

The people of the Kalam region in northern Swat are known as Kohistanis and speak the Torwali and Kalami languages. There are also some Khowar speakers in the Kalam region. This is because before Kalam came under the rule of Swat it was a region tributary to both Yasin and Chitral and after Yasin itself was assimilated into Chitral the Kalamis paid a tribute of mountain ponies to the Mehtar of Chitral every year.

 

 

Heights of Mallam Jabba Heights of Mallam Jabba
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Chitral
City
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The Chitral Valley at an elevation of 1128 meters (3,700 ft) is popular with mountaineers, anglers, hunters, hikers, naturalists and anthropologists. The 7,788 meters (25,550 ft) Trichmir, the highest peak of the Hindukush mountain, dominates this 322km long exotic valley.

Chitral district has Afghanistan on its North, South and West. A narrow strip of Afghan territory, Wakhan, separates it from Tajikistan. The tourist season in Chitral is from June to September.

One of the major attractions of Chitral are the Kalash valleys-the home of the Kafir-Kalash or "Wearers of the Black Robe", a primitive pagan tribe. Their ancestry is enveloped in mystery and is the subject of controversy. A legend says that five soldiers of the legions of Alexander of Macedon settled in Chitral and are the progenitors of the Kafir-Kalash.

The 3,000 strong Kafir-Kalash live in the valley of Birir, Bumburet and Rambur in the South. Bamburet, the largest and the most picturesque valley of the Kafir-Kalash, is 40km from Chitral and is connected by a jeepable road. Birir, 34km away is accessible by a jeepable road. Rambur is 32km from Chitral, the road is jeepable.  The Kalash women wear black gowns of coarse cloth in summer and hand-spun wool dyed in black in winter. Their pictureque headgear is made of woollen black material decked out with cowrie shells, buttons and crowned with a large coloured feather. In parts of Greece even today some women sport a similar headcovering. The Kalash people love music and dancing particularly on occasions of their religious festivals like Joshi Chilimjusht (14th & 15th May - spring), Phool (20th - 25th September) and Chowas (18th to 21st December).

Spring in Kalkatak Chitral Spring in Kalkatak Chitral
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Hyderabad
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Hyderabad Sindh is a city of Hillocks. Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro of the Kalhora Dynasty founded the city in 1768. The Hyderabad city was then named Neroon Kot نيرون ڪوٽ it was a small fishing village on the banks of River Indus and was called the heart of the Mehran . Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhora loved the city so much that in 1768, he ordered a fort to be built on one of the three hills of Hyderabad to house and defend his people. The fort since then is called the Pacco Qillo پڪو قلعو or the Strong fort .

After the death of the great Kalhoro, started the Talpur Rule. Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur left his capital Khudabad, the Land of God and made Hyderabad his capital in 1789. He made the Pacco Qillo his residence and also held his courts there. Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur along with his three other brothers were responsible for the affairs that persisted in the city of Hyderabad in the years of their kingdom. The four were called Char Yar , Sindhi for Four friends .

The Talpur rule lasted almost over 50 years and in 1843, Talpurs faced a greater threat. The British came face-to-face with the Talpurs at the Battle of Miani on 17 th February, 1843. It is said that even in rigor mortis the Ameers ( Mirs - leaders) held their swords high fighting the British. The battle ended on 24 th March where the Mirs lost and the city came into the hands of the British.

The British demolished most of the buildings around to accommodate their troops and their military stores. Hyderabad lost its glory. No longer were the roads covered with perfume. In 1857, when the First War of Indian Independence raged across the sub-continent, the British held most of their regiments and ammunition in this city.

Prior to 1947, Hyderabad had a large community of Sindhi Hindus who were largely pre-occupied with trade and commerce. They were responsible for export of products made in Sindh and contributed significantly to the economy of Sindh. Prior to the Partition, 25 per cent of Sindh’s population was Hindu. When Partition of India occurred Sindhi Hindus expected to remain in Sindh. Generally, there was good relation between Hindu Sindhis and Muslims Sindhis. When large waves of Mohajirs started to pour into Hyderabad, violence erupted on the streets. The Hindu Sindhis were forced to flee leaving everything behind. Popati Hirandani who was a Hyderabad resident tells in her autobiography that the Police were merely onlookers when violence erupted and they did not protect the Hindus community. Popati Hiranandani was a writer born 1924 in Hyderabad, Sind [1] . Many Hindu Sindhis wanted to return to their native Sindh when the violence settled down, but this was not possible.

The Mohajirs were given land mostly in the town of Hirabad. While the population of the people grew with the migration in progress, the Government proposed the creation of two more towns, namely Latifabad and Qasimabad.

The 1980s saw a black period in the history of Hyderabad as riots erupted in the city between the two ethnic diversities in majority, the Sindhis and the Mohajirs . Bloodshed and murder reached extremes. The Sindhis retreated to settlements in Qasimabad and the Mohajirs settled down in Latifabad but the city has never been the same again, forever divided by ethnicity.

Hyderabad Sindh Hyderabad Sindh
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Khyber Pass
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Khyber Pass is perhaps the most famous pass in the world because of its geographic as well as historic importance. Going northwest from the eastern end in Pakistan, the pass starts from near Jamrud and ends west of Torkham, Afghanistan, a winding road. The route passes Fort Maude and Ali Masjid to reach the narrowest point of the pass. The summit is at Landi Kotal, followed by a steep decline to Michni Kandao, Landi Khana and the Afghan border just east of Torkham. Here the gradient becomes easier as the pass exits at Haft Chah onto the Dakka plain. From Dakka, the Kabul River flows back to Peshawar through the Loe Shilman Gorge, a less direct and more difficult route, but the one chosen by Alexander the Great when he crossed over into India in 326 BCE.

Jamrud is at an elevation of 491 m, while the summit at Landi Kotal is 1070 m. A road was built by the British through the Pass in 1879 and a railroad in the 1920s.

 Khyber pass is a  narrow, steep-sided pass, 28 mi long, winding through the Safed Koh Mts., on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border; highest point is 3,500 ft. The routes through it link the cities of Peshawar, Pakistan, and Kabul, Afghanistan. For centuries a trade and invasion route from central Asia, the Khyber Pass was one of the principal approaches of the armies of Alexander the Great, Timur, Babur, Mahmud of Ghazna, and Nadir Shah in their invasions of India. The pass was also important in the Afghan Wars fought by the British in the 19th cent. The Khyber Pass is now traversed by an asphalt road and an old caravan route. A railroad, which passes through 34 tunnels and over 92 bridges and culverts, runs to the Afghan border. Pakistan controls the entire pass.

You may travel by road from Peshawar via Jamrud fort which lies amongst low story hills capped with pickets manned by Khyber Rifles. Also on the way you will see Ali Masjid and the fort with insignia of the regiments that have served in the Khyber. On route is also the Sphola stupa of Buddhist period (2-5 centuries A-D) and Landikotal Bazaar until you reach the border post at Torkham.

For rail enthusiasts, there is also a Khyber railway. It threads its way through 34 tunnels crossing 92 bridges and culverts and climbing 1,200 metres. The British built it in 1920 at an enormous cost of Rs. Two million. Two or three coaches are pulled and pushed by two 1920 model steam engines. At one point, the track climbs 130 metres in less than a mile by means of the famous Changai Spur, a section of track shaped like a "W" with two reversing stations.

Tree  arrested by a British Officer still under arrest Tree arrested by a British Officer still under arrest
photo by: Tariq Maqsood Khan
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Passu
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Welcome to the Passu Adventure Travel

This site takes you to the Northern Areas of Pakistan . The Pakistan is a visitor paradise, with small narrow valleys, fairy meadows of Alpine flowers in all sizes, shapes and colors and of the sweetest fragrance. An area surrounded by snow-capped mountain peaks, they seems un-climbable and impenetrable. This is an area that has had very few tourists or trekkers. There are isolated pockets of still virgin beauty... areas where one can still enjoy the unique culture of unadulterated people and their awesome mountain terrain.

Our company PAT ( Passu Adventure Travel) provides tourist services for   foreign and Local   travelers. We have extensive experience and are providing custom itineraries for individual and group travelers, government Whether you want a getaway vacation or are just passing through, Passu Adventure Travel (PAT)   will be there to provide, assistance with accommodation, guide and sightseeing services, transport and tickets (both train and bus). We have been working hard for years to develop close relationships with hotels, airlines and outfitters to be able to produce competitively-priced services and tours. We do everything to ensure satisfaction and pleasant experience for your guests.

We will be happy to team up with companies in new regions and build fruitful cooperation both in custom referrals and joint tours. We would appreciate your offers of local tours, services and sightseeing programs for cities in Pakistan and other countries.We take great pride in our specialty tours and do everything to ensure satisfaction and complete safety for visitors. Most our tours and itineraries are flexible. Feel free to contact us for any information regarding our tours. We will be happy to answer any questions and meet any requests at info_pat@hotmail.co.uk .  

Pakistan Pakistan
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Sehwan
City
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Sehwan Sharif is situated some 100 kilometers from Hyderabad Sindh, Pakistan. It is famous for the shrine of Hazarat Lal Shahbaz Qalander, a distinguished sofi saint of muslims. Sehwan is held in high esteem by local Muslims and Hindus alike.Sehwan is one of the most ancient towns of Indus valley. Its history dates back to the second ancient belt of this valley after the ancient culture of Moen jo Daro. At the time of Maha Bharat when Brahmans were settled in this valley, they founded many towns on the bank of Indus. Sehwan occupies a first place in those old ancient towns. It is not known what its original name was in those days but at the time of the invasion of Alexander the Great, this town occupied a cardinal place and Alexander encamped here on his return march homeward. In memory of his victory he built a fort, the ruins of which are still in existence in the north of the present town.

At the time of invasion of Alexander the Great, Sehwan was called "SEVESTAN" and ruled over by Raja Mati. During the decay of Empire of Raja Mati, it was ravaged by Raja Chhach. This part of country thus ruled by Raja Chhach and his followers until Raja Dahar who was defeated at he battle of Debal in 711 A.D .by Mohammed Bin Qasim. While Sindh was subject to the Emperors at Delhi, Sehwan or Sevastan, as it was then called appears to have been generally the seat of Governor. When the Samas came in to the power, one of the first things which they did was to seize Sehwan, and when Shah Beg Arghun took the kingdom from the last of Samas he had to fight, a second battle for possession of the town. Under his son Miraz Shah Hussain the fugitive Emperor Humayun made a determined when Sindh again lost its independence and Daudpotas,

Kalhoras and Panhawar were fighting of the right bank of the Indus. Sehwan declined. The victorious Kalhoras made their capital at Khudaabad thirty-two kilometers to the north, but this capital in its turn, was superseded by Hyderabad.

At the time of British conquest, this part of the country was ruled by the Talpurs (Mirs). After the battle of Miani, Sir Charles Napier took possession of the Sindh and made Karachi as his headquarter.

Administrative expediency demanded the reconstitution of the boundaries of the district in 1901 when Larkana district was created and some talukas, which were earlier part of Shikarpur district, were linked with it. The people of this part, with the passage of time and change in circumstances, could not adjust themselves of the political and administrative environment of Larkana district and they demanded their severance from it. This resulted into creation of Dadu district in 1931with its headquarters at Dadu.

Ethnicity and Tribes

The majority of the population is Muslim. They can be divided into two major groups Samats and Baloch. The Samat includes Panhwar, Solangi, Qureshi, Sheikh, Siddiqui, Qazi and others.

The Baloch includes Jamali, Khosa, Lund, Gabol and others. Hindu population is split up into two groups viz. Sanatis and Lohanas. This population is scanty now.

pate picture of shrine pate picture of shrine
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Thatta
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Thatta is a historic town of 220,000 inhabitants in the Sindh province of Pakistan, near Lake Keenjhar, the largest freshwater lake in the country. Thatta's major monuments especially its necropolis at Makli are listed among the World Heritage Sites. The Shah Jahan Mosque is also listed separately on the tentative list since 1993. Located 62 miles (98 kilometers) east of the provincial capital of Sindh; Karachi, it makes for a practical escape for people from the city seeking to visit the picturesque old town.
Shah Jahan Mosque Shah Jahan Mosque
photo by: Zohare Haider
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Gilgit
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Gilgit is one of the most visited city in the Northern Area of Pakistan. Althought the town itself is not very big, nor extremely exciting, it is the best place to start exploring the northern region which has some of the best mountain scenery and so called Virgin Beauty of unexplored world, the world that is yet to be explored by the West. Gilgit has many great tourist attractions to offer to its visitors throughout the year Gilgit's position on the mountainous region also means that the city has plenty of splendid views and some delightful seafront promenades.

The town has many interesting sights. Two miles out of town there are a pair of Buddha's carved in to a high rock. They go back to the 5-th century. It's a nice hike, the scenery on your way is gorgeous.Then there is a monument to commemorate the fact that the boyscouts of Gilgit were the spark that set the flame in the battle between Pakistan and India for supremacy over Kashmir.

The post-office can hardly be considered a sight. But when you are traveling on to Skardu,Yasin valley(Worshigum) or Hunza valley, keep in mind that it is easier to send a few postcards to relatives from here than from any of the other valleys.

For the sportive, one of the most interesting excustions is to Rakaposhi base camp. Rakaposhi is a 8-km giant.

During 2006, there has been 20% decrease in general crime. Total of the Northern Areas remained 1400 which is less than one police station of other provinces of Pakistan. Number of foreign tourist increased from 9944 to 15049. Northern Areas is wonderland which should not be visited by 15 thousand but 15 hundred thousand tourists. During 2007, we expect a substantial increase in tourists. (Inspector General of Police, Northern Areas of Pakistan)

phunder district ghaizer gilgit phunder district ghaizer gilgit
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Kaghan valley
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The Kaghan Valley is located in Northern Pakistan northeast of Hazara,(NWFP)Khyber-Pakhtunkhuwah. It's one of the valleys that's relatively easy to reach from Rawalpindi/Islamabad.

The mountain scenerey, the dales, lakes, water-falls, streams and glaciers are the main reason to come here. The Valley extends for 155 km rising from an elevation of 2,134 meters to its highest point, the Babusar Pass, at 4,145 meters. Further north from from Babusar Pass, a jeep track leads to Chilas, which is now on Karakoram Highway (the road that connects Islamabad to Xinjiang province of China via Gilgit, Hunza and Khunjerab Pass. Before Karakoram Highway was opened in 1978, the only road access to Gilgit was through Kaghan Valley.

Naran is the best base for treks and walks in the valley. There are options for accommodation and restaurants. Naran is best reached by jeep from Balakot some 200 km north of RawalPindi / Islamabad.

The best time to visit Kaghan is in summer months (May to September). From the mid - July up to the end of September, the road beyond Naran, snow-bound throughout the winter, is open right up to Babusar Pass. Movement may be restricted during the monsoon season due to heavy rains and landslides.

In summer it is possible to continue to Gilgit Valley - one hell of a trip with incredible views - but roads are not always in tiptop condition so it may involve some hard work to get to the other site of the mountains.

naran naran
photo by: Oaun kazmi
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Moenjodaro
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Moenjodaro (Near Larkana City in Sindh) is one of the archeological highlights of the world. The discovery of this site and that of Harappa showed the existence of the Indus civilization that had its peak from the 3rd till the middle of the 2nd millennium BC.

Discovered in 1922, Moenjodaro (in Sindh province, Pakistan) was once a metropolis of great importance, forming part of the Indus Valley Civilization with Harrappa (discovered in 1923 in the southern Punjab), Kot Diji (Sindh), Gandhara (GanthAra) civilization in (NWFP) and in some of part of Potohar,  and recently discovered Mehr-Garh (Balochistan).

Moenjodaro is considered as one of the most spectacular ancient cities of the World. It had mud and baked bricks’ buildings, an elaborate covered drainage system, a large state granary, a spacious pillared hall, a College of Priests, a palace and a citadel. Harrappa, another major city of the Indus Valley Civilization, was surrounded by a massive brick wall fortification. Other features and plan of the city were similar to that of Moenjodaro. The Kot Diji culture is marked by well-made pottery and houses built of mud-bricks and stone foundations. Mehr Garh, the oldest Civilization (7,000 B.C), remains of which were found in the district Kachhi of Balochistan recently, was the pioneer of the Indus Valley Civilization. The evidence of crop cultivation, animal husbandry and human settlements have been found here. The inhabitant of Mehr Garh were living in mud-brick houses and learned to make pottery around 6,000 B.C.

instruments instruments
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Quetta
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Quetta is the capital of Baluchistan, which is the largest province in Pakistan. Most of it is desert, and the Baluchi's look like true desert-dwellers: they have baggy trousers, big moustaches and they love their freedom.

Quetta lies 1692 metres above sea level at the mouth of Bolan Pass. It has three large craggy mountains. Chiltan, Zarghun and Koh-e-Murdar,that seem to brood upon this pleasant town. There are other mountains that form a ring around it. Their copper red and russet rocks and crests that are powdered with snow in winters add immense charm to the town.

Quetta is an excellent base for further exploration of Balochistan. Kan Mehtarzai (2240 metres), the highest railway station in Asia, is a two-hour drive away. Loralai, the almond bowl of the country, is 265 kms away. Besides, there are numerous other valleys that are fascinating places to be in for explorers.

Quetta can rightly be called the fruit basket of Pakistan. Plums, peaches, pomegranates, apricots, apples, guavas (locally called zaitoon), some unique varieties of melon like "Garma" and "Sarda" and cherries, pistachios and almonds are all grown in abundance. Some pistachios also grow in Qila Saif Ullah also. Saffron grows very well on mountains around 5000 ft (1524 metres) high. It is being cultivated on a commercial scale here. Tulip is an indigenous flower of Pakistan. The yellow and red varieties of tulip grow wild around Quetta.

balochi life balochi life
photo by: bijar khan
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Sukkur
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Sukkur   covers an area of 5,165 square kilometres. Geographically it is spanned from 27°05' to 28°02' north latitudes and from 68°47' to 69°43' east longitudes. The city of Sukkur is located at an altitude of 220 feet (67 m) from sea level, having terrestrial coordinates 68°52' east and 27°42' north. It is also the narrowest point of the lower Indus course .

Sukkur district shares northern border with Shikarpur and (recently constituted) Kashmore districts. Ghotki is located on the north-eastern side while Khairpur on the south. Sukkur also shares its border with India (Jaisalmir, Rajasthan ). Sukkur is also connected by road air with all major cities of Pakistan.

The climate of the Sukkur is characterized by hot and hazy weather during summer days while dry and cold in winter. During January, temperature ranges from 7 to 22 °C (44 to 71 °F). The summer (month of June before monsoon) temperature averages 35 °C (95 °F) though it often reaches up to 52°C (107 °F). Generally the summer season commences in March - April and ends before October. The average rainfall of the district is 88 mm, (ranges from 0.59 mm to 25.62 mm) per annum.

Sukkur has been an important strategic centre and trading route from time immemorial. Alor (present Aror , Sukkur) held the status of capital under the reign of Musikanos , when Alexander invaded India in 326 BCE. The ruins of this ancient town still exist, 8 km east of Rohri , in Sukkur district. In 711 CE, Arab invaded Sindh , led by 17 years old Muhammad Bin Qasim , and Sukkur (including whole Sindh and lower Punjab) became part of Umayyad Caliphate . Later Mughals and many semi-autonomous tribes ruled over Sukkur. The city was ceded to Mirs of Khairpur between 1809 and 1824. In 1833, Shah Shuja (a warlord of Kandahar , Afghanistan ) defeated the Talpurs near Sukkur and later made a solemn treaty with the Talpur ruler, by which he relinquished all claims on Sindh. In 1843, the British (General Charles James Napier ) defeated the Talpurs at the battle of Miani and Dubbo near Hyderabad and ruled the Sukkur (including Sindh) until independence of Pakistan . The (current) district of Sukkur was constituted in 1901 out of part of Shikarpur District , the remainder of which was formed into the Larkana District . Sukkur saw a significant socio-economic uplift after 1930s, when British Raj built the world largest barrage here on Indus River . After independence of Pakistan, thousands of Muslim immigrants arrived in Sukkur while a much larger number of Hindus left for India.
Lance Down Bridge Lance Down Bridge
photo by: M Sajid
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Bannu
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Bannu is an important town (1981 pop. 35,170) in Northen Pakistan. It is a divisional administrative center and an important road junction and market town. The major industries are cloth weaving and the manufacture of cotton fabrics, machinery, and equipment. Bannu is famous for its weekly Jumma fair.

It has one Engineering & Technology University, two post graduate colleges, an engineering college affiliated with peshawar university, two degree colleges for girls, and more then 300 primary, middle, high and higher secondary schools for girls and boys.

The present location of the town was founded by Sir Herbert Edwardes in 1848, and was formerly called Edwardesabad. It was a leading British military base, especially in actions against Afghan border tribes. Bani Zai tribe of Afghans lives here. Bannu is very green amidst rugged & dry mountains and has very fertile land. Early English visitors called it as "paradise".

Bannu is called "Bana" and "Bani Gul" in the local pashte language. It is a place of very happy people. In the afternoon one can see groups of young men wearing garlands of flowers and dancing in the roads and parks.

Anwar Anwar
photo by: bannu
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Bhalwal
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Bhalwal City is located at the heart of Motorway the Pride of Pakistan ,roughly at mid-point of Pakistan capital Islamabad and provioncial Punjab capital Lahore. Formed by the British with the arrival of the railway link from Lala-Musa to Sargodha, in the 1920s, it is essentially an agricultural city. The city is served by the loere-Jhelum Canal and is a major producer of Sugar Cane, Oranges, Cotton and Basmati Rice crops.

Bhalwal is a city that is mostly farmland citrus, rice, and weat re the major products. Because of best quality citrus, Bhalwal is also Known as California of Pakistan.BHalwal City is divided in two mian parts .Main Bhalwal including 8 chak N.B and Purana Bhalwal,which is the actual city of ancient days.HAZRAT SAKHI SHAH SULEMAN NORI HAZOOR SARKAR'S Darbar Shareef is also located in Purana Bhalwal.Hazrat Sahib are a great Sufi of Qadri Order.Hazrat Sahib are  Murshid of HAZRAT NOSH GANG SARKAR OF GUJRAT.HAZRAT SAHIB ,SAKHI SARKAR are the DATTA OF Bhalwal.Anybody who visit the Bhalwal must visit the Darbar Shareef for pray and Salaam.

Chkook of Bhalwal are famous for their cultivated lands.Kinon is the famous product of bhalwl.Winter season specially the January to March is the best season for visiting Bhalwal.Because in summer the weather is much hot.for more information please mail kaafusman@yahoo.com

beautiful place beautiful place
photo by: adeel kazmi
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Burewala
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Burewala is a very important city & Tehsil of District Vehari (Punjab, Pakistan ) .On the map you can find it at Latitude = 30.16°N and Longitude = 72.67°E .It is 35 Km east of District Capital Vehari on main Multan-Delhi Road. Its population in 1998 was about 150000 which increased to about 174700 in 2004 (statistics from The World Gazetteer ) .Burewala is 31st biggest city of Pakistan with respect to  population. This city is famous for sports & education in the world.Waqar younis is the famous Fast Bowler from Burewala known as "Burewala Express".

On industry side there are 50+ rice mills, 50+ cotton ginning factories and about 250+ oil mills and all these growing so on. After Rahim Yar Khan it is Pakistan's largest cotton-seed-cake producing city.

(More detailed History of Burewala coming soon Inshallah ).

 

Drabar Baba Haji Sher Drabar Baba Haji Sher
photo by: Ch.Ahsan Bari
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Gujrat
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Introduction

Gujrat is an ancient district of Pakistan located in between two famous rivers, i.e., River Jehlum and River Chenab . Because of it's proximity with the rivers the land is good for cultivation with rice and sugar cane as main crops. It is bounded on the North-East by Jammu and Kashmir , on the North-West by the River Jhelum which separates it from Jhelum district, on the East and South-East by the river Chenab, separating it from the districts of Gujranwala and Sialkot , and on the West by Mandi Bahauddin district. District Gujrat is spread over an area of 3,192 square kilometres and comprises of the three tehsils of: 

Gujrat Kharian Sarai Alamgir Area and Population

According to 1998 Population and Housing Census, total population of Gujrat district is 20,48,000 persons out of which 10,26,000 are males and 10,22,000 are females. Density of population in the district is 642 persons per square Kilometre. Percentage break-up of the Rural and Urban population is 72.3% and 27.7% respectively.

Climate

This district has moderate climate, which is hot in summer and cold in winter. During Peak Summer, the day temperature shoots up to 45ºC, but the hot spells are comparatively shorter due to proximity of Azad Kashmir Mountains . The winter months are very pleasant and the minimum temperature may fall below 2ºC. The average rain-fall on the Kashmir border is over 100 cm, at Kharian it is 75 cm, at Gujrat 67 cm and at Dinga 50 cm.

Natural Resources

Agriculture

Crops:
Wheat and Rice are the main crops grown in the district. Besides, Sugarcane, Bajra, Tobacco, Maize, Jawar, Masoor, Moong, Mash, Oil Seed such as Mustard and Sun/Flower are also grown in minor quantities in the district.

Main Fruits :
Citrus and Guavas are main fruits grown in the district. Besides, Mango, Jaman and Banana are also grown in minor quantities in the district

Main Vegetables :    
Turnip, Potatoes and Cauliflower are main vegetables grown in the district. Besides, Carrot, Peas, Onion, Garlic, Chillies and Ladyfinger are also grown in the district in minor quantities

Forests

Location of Forests and Area Under Afforestation:
An area of 5,173 acres is under forest. There is also linear plantation of 662 Km alongside the roads/rails/canals in the district. Trees grown in the area are Kau, Phalai, Kikar and Shisham.

Culture

District Gujrat has been famous for the manufacture of low temperature pottery and ceramic goods. Apart from pottery, district Gujrat is also famous for the production of elegant ‘Hookas’ . Moreover, Gujrat is famous for its beautiful and artistic handicrafts, Flower pots, "Changairian" made by leaves of palm and date trees, cotton mates, "Dhusse" and woolen shawls are famous and very much popular throughout the country and abroad.

Industry

Gujrat is also known in the world for it's clay with which Gujratis produce quality pottery since ages. Apart from agriculture and clay the city is well known due to its furniture manufacturing skills . Gujratis have mastered the skills of conditioning the wood and producing world class furniture having immaculate finish. Over last few decades Gujrat has also attained a name in export of electric fans.

Gujrat has a unique status throughout the Punjab due to some of its manufacturing capabilities and productions. There are about 1,059 cottage level and small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the district. Jalalpur is a large town of Gujrat , where several small and large textile industrial unit have been established.

There are many other industrial units and factories engaged in manufacturing of electrical goods (Fan), Electric Motors, Earthen Utensils, Shoes, Rubber Tyre Tube, Sanitary Ware ,Rice Cleaning Mills and Furniture. The high quality furniture made here have been used in National and Provincial Assemblies.

The story of emergence of electric fan manufacturing industry in Pakistan is one of those heroic efforts made by a few enterprising individuals who. Starting with nothing in early 1940s struggled against all odds and turned this concern into a most efficient industry in Pakistan .

This is an industry on which all Pakistanis can rightly be proud of. It does not owe its success to any foreign collaboration or any from the Government, but only to its own people whose constant research for maintaining good quality and devising new methods and techniques of production have now resulted in a product which we can rightfully claim as among the best in the world.

There are now over five hundred fan manufacturing units operating in Gujrat, Gujranwala , Lahore and a few other cities. Except for a few, the rest falls into the category of cottage industry. These small units from the real backbone of this industry. They provide employment to a large number of people and all put together account of more than 90 percent of the domestic market.

Communication

Gujrat, situated beside the grand trunk road and main Railway track is directly connected with the major cities like provincial and central metropolises of the country.

Road-Links:
The district has a total metalled road-length of 1019 Kilometres . The district is linked with Gujranwala , Jhelum , Mandi Bahauddin districts through metalled roads.

Rail-Links:
The main Peshawar - Karachi railway line passes through Gujrat district. The district is linked with Jhelum and Gujranwala districts through railway network.

The Land of Suhni a beautiful and wounderfull place in the Pakistan.as

Largest Fan manufacturer industry and pottery making is main business of this city. This city is between Islamabad and Lahore.

My Gujrat Villege My Gujrat Villege
photo by: Ghulam Murtaza
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Jacobabad
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Jacobabad ( Urdu / Sindhi : جیکب آباد) is a city in the Jacobabad District , Sindh , Pakistan . Jacobabad located at 28°16′37.32″N, 68°27′05.04″E . The city is crossed by the Pakistan Railways and many main roads of the province.

During British India, the town was the administrative headquarters of the Upper Sind frontier district in Bombay; with a station on the Quetta branch of the North-Western railway, 37 m. from the junction at Ruk, on the main line. It was famous for consistently having the highest temperature in the Sub-Continent. During the month of June the thermometer ranges between 120° and 127° F. The town was founded on the site of the village of Khangarh in 1847 by General John Jacob, for many years commandant of the Sind Horse, who died here in 1858. It has cantonments for a cavalry regiment, with accommodation for caravans from Central Asia. It is watered by two canals. An annual horse show is held in January. The town was founded near the village of Khangarh in 1847 by Brigadier General John Jacob , for many years Commandant of the Sindh Horse . Jacob who died and was buried there in 1858 , and left a marvellous Victoria Tower in his remembrance in the heart of the city.

The commercial airport at Jacobabad, about 300 miles north of Karachi and 300 miles southeast of Kandahar , is located on the border between Sindh and Balochistan provinces. Jacobabad is said to be the hottest city in Pakistan. Jacobabad was one of three Pakistani bases used by U.S. and allied forces to support the Operation Enduring Freedom campaign in Afghanistan . Pakistan agreed to an American request for a long-term presence at Jacobabad. The US forces stayed there from Dec 2001 to Dec 2004.During their stay they have been developing the base such as adding swimming pools .

An annual horse and cattle show is held in January. Jacobadad is highly multicultural, with ethnic and tribal groups including Pechuho , Banglani , Bijarani , Sunderani , Unar , Abro , Soomro , Khoso , Bhayo , Mangrio , Surhio Jakhrani , Marri , Gabol and Muhajirs . The area is predominantly Muslim with Hindu and Christian minorities. People are highly educated and participating in their role in the mainstream politics development of the Jacobabad, Sindh , Pakistan . Jacobabad has produced many poets,writters,teachers and social workers. Abdul karim gadai was a famous poet and many other famous poets that belong to district Jacobabad.
HORSE AND KATLE SHOW IN JACOBABAD SINDH HORSE AND KATLE SHOW IN JACOBABAD SINDH
photo by: HAFEEZ SAQI GOLO
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Jhelum
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Jhelum is located in northern Pakistan. Jhelum river is one of the subsiaries of the Punjab river. It's a very old city. It was known to the Greeks as Hydaspes - Alexander the great dropped by when he tried to conquer the planet, Its official website is http://www.apnajhelum.net.

The main reason to visit is the Apna Jhelum fort. It is on the UNESCO list of world heritage monuments.

Brief description by UNESCO: Following his defeat of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site in the north of what is now Pakistan. It was never taken by assault and survives intact to the present day. The main fortifications consist of the massive walls, which extend for more than 4km; they are lined with bastions and pierced by monumental gateways. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia.

Jhelum has for main tehsils / sub divisions,

1. Jhelum (Head of Government)
2. Dina
3. Pind Dadan Khan
4. Sohawa

Dina is a new born division of Jhelum district and not yet confirmed by government officials. it is created by taking some parts from Tehsil Jhelum and Tehsil Sohawa so they are not more smaller then before. Jhelum was already cutted down in pieces when Chakwal District was created by subtracting all left side of Jhelum District.

Pray for this District...

Rohtas Fort Rohtas Fort
photo by: Sughra Begum (UK)
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Kamra
City
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Kamra is situated about 78 Kms from Rawalpindi to Peshawar on the Grand Trunk (G.T.) Road. It is not a big city but is popular due to Pakistan Air Force Base. But some of its places are very beautiful. Attock Fort is situated in Kamra city area. The Two rivers "The Kabul" and "The Indus River" both are also passing near by Kamra Cantt. Ghazi Brotha Hydral Project is also near Kamra in district Attock. GBHP Canal is passing through Kamra Cantt and Ratti Jinah Hill Park is situated on the bank of this Canal. A sunset scene gives very pleasure to the visitors from Ratti Jinah Hill Top. Specially when sun sets in the waters of Canal it looks fabulous. So please don't miss it when ever you go to Peshawer side from Rawalpindi/Islamabad.
Kharian Cantt
City
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Kharian Cantt is a very good and nice place located between Islamabad & Lahore, on the main GT road. The area mostly occupied by army. Kharian Cantt is a combination of several colony's. There is a huge shopping store Burraq next to the beautiful main road of kharaian. A park is built right next to the shopping centre known as burraq park which has boating facility aswell. A huge hospital is situated within kharian cantt known as CMH.

Kohat
City
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  Kohat , A major town of the North-West Frontier Province . It is a division and districts headquarter. The town is 37 m. south of Peshawar by the Dara Adam Khel( Kohat Pass ), along which a military road was opened in 1901. The famous and dangerous bounteous road over the Kotal post is now bypassed by most beautiful Kohat Tunnel. Kohat is linked to Islamabad and is 160 miles west and now a comfortable highway links Kohat to Bannu and Waziristan and to Zoab Baluchistan and on other side Indus High links to Multan and Karachi and Sindh. On the west road leads to Hangu, Thal and Kurram Agency. Geography: Name, Location, Boundary and Area As mentioned in the history, in the Buddhist times, two Rajas namely Adh and Kohat settled along the northern border of the district. Raja Kohat gave his name to the town of Kohat and Raja Adh to the fort, the ruins of which are found on the hill side north of Muhammadzai, a village 6 kilometers to the west of Kohat. Another version about this name is that it is a combination of two words, "Koh and Hat" meaning mountain market i.e. a bazzar situated in the mountain. The district lies between 33° - 04’ and 33° - 34’ north latitudes and 70° - 29’ and 72° - 01' east longitudes. It is bounded on the north by Orakzai agency, tribal areas adjoining Kohat, Peshawar and Nowshera districts, on the east by Attock district of the Punjab province, on the south by Mianwali district of the Punjab province and Karak district and on the west by Hangu district and Orakzai agency of FATA. The total area of the district is 2545 square kilometers. Topography: The topography of the district is dominated by the mountains and hills. In the northwest of the district the important ranges include lower Miranzai and Bangash, which run in an eastwest direction. Further in the south is Kamar -Tanda. The height of these ranges varies from 650 to 1000 meters above the sea level. In the northeast the Sowaki and Adan Khel hills run in a southwest -northeast direction. These hills gradually rise in the extreme northeastern part of the district. The intervening open valleys between the hills are seldom more than eight kilometers in width. The Kohat valley is most important agriculturally rich area. Generally, the district is elevated and the ranges attain only inconsiderable heights above the plain area. The headquarter town of Kohat is more than 550 meters above the sea level. Rivers and Streams: The river Indus forms the eastern boundary of the district, which separates it from the province of Punjab . Kohat Toi is a principal stream, which enters from Hangu district and flowing to east and southeast, drains into river Indus. The river has a small perennial flow, which disappears before it reaches the town of Kohat , it reappears again at some distance down stream and then flows continuously to the Indus. The Kohat Toi has several small torrents or tributaries, which join it at different places. Another, stream Teri Toi, which flows from west to east, in the southern half of the district, joins the river Indus. The river has a title or no perennial flow History: The early history of the district is limited to the vaguest traditions. It is said that in the Buddhist times, two Rajas named Adh and Kohat settled along with the northern border of the district. The remnants of the Buddhist day is a road cut off the mountain side, on the western skirts of the Jawaki hills near Kotal Post which leads by an even gradient towards the crest. The first historical mention of Kohat is to be found in the memoirs of Emperor Babar who visited Kohat in I 1505 AD. Babar in his memoirs calls the inhabitants of the area as Afghan. After Babar the history of Kohat revolves around two major tribes are Bangash and Khattak. These people appear to have settled in the district, during 14th am 15th centuries. From 16th to 18th centuries, Kohat remained as a part of Afghanistan Kingdom , administered by the Chiefs of two afore mentioned tribes. In the beginning of 19th century Kohat came under the control of Sikhs who ultimately withdrew leaving to the administrative control of Khan of Teri in 1836 AD. Kohat was finally annexed to the British dominion on 28th March 1849 with the rest of Punjab and an Assistant Commissioner was posted here to run the administration and to look after the British interests. In the initial stages of the British administration, the locals of the area posed considerable problems. Later on some of the tribe joined with the British Government and helped them in running the affairs of the ar smoothly. Nevertheless, the Britishers were never at peace in this part of their Kingdom as resistance and opposition always cropped from one quarter or the other. But their tactics of "Divide and Rule" ultimately strengthened their hold over the region. They put one tribe against the other by giving preference to one against the other and finally succeeded in administration them. An example of British un-rest in this area is the event of the brave Afridi Ajab Khan, who forced to surrender the entire British administration of the district against his demands. Ethnicity and Tribes: The major tribes are Bangash and Khattak along with Syyed, Awan, Shinwari, Sheikhan and Paracha which form the part of the population of the district. In addition to the above the Afridis from Darra have settled in Babri Banda and the Orakzai Wazir in the adjacent areas of Kohat and Tanda dam. A good number of Indian Refugees, Afghan refugees and Behari repatriates from Bangladesh have settled in Kohat. The major tribes in Frontier Region Kohat are Zarghum Khel , Akhurwal , Sheraki , Toor Chappar and Bosti Khel. Pushto is the predominant language while in several areas Hindku is mostly spoken and understood. Transport: Much of the transport is privately operated within the city limits. There are also many buses that pass through the city via the Indus Highway passes through the district. Some of the main roads include (i) Kohat Khushal Garh road (ii) Kohat Hangu road (iii) Kohat Dhoda Guddi road (iv) Jata Shakardara road. Villages and towns: Lachi is the largest town of Kohat with population of more then 53000 according to 1998 census. Its location is on main Indus Highway , makes town of worth importance. Town is famous for fresh vegetables and delicious local food Pakoras.   Lachi Billitang Gandyale Bala
Togh Bala
Kharmato
Banda Jalal Abad
Bahadar Kot
Paracha Town
Usterzai Payan
Usterzai Bala
Sherkot
Ali Zai /Khade Zai
Kachai
Muhammad Zai
Nusrat Khel
Gumbat
Shakardara
Barh
Togh
jabbi                                                                                                                              Meri Colony Sumari Bala Sumari Payan                                                                                                                     Media:
Radio Pakistan FM94 MHz   Education Institution: Cadet College, Kohat
Garison Cadet College, Kohat
Army Public School, Kohat
PAF Inter College, Kohat
Gandhara College, Kohat
FG Boys High School, Kohat
City School, Kohat
Cantonment Board Public School, Kohat
Fauji Foundation model school, Kohat
St. Joseph's Convent High School, Kohat
Jack n Jill High School, Kohat
Government High School No. 1 for Boys, Kohat
Government High School No. 2 for Boys, Kohat
Government High School No. 3 for Boys, Kohat
Government High School No. 4 for Boys, Kohat
Government Comprehensive High Scholl, Pindi Road, Kohat
Al-Hafiz Fazal Public High School, Kohat
Sir Syed Public High School, Kohat
DILS Academy, Kohat Pakistan Foundation Academy K.D.A Kohat Sun beam public High School, Kohat city   Colleges and Universities: Kohat University of Science & Technology
Kohat Medical College
Kohat Law College
Preston University
Govt Girls Degree College
Govt Degree College No.2 for Boys, Peshawar Road, Kohat
FG Degree College for Girls
Govt Post Graduate College for Boys, Rawalpindi Road, Kohat
Central Science College for Boys, KDA Kohat
Gandhara College for Boys, KDA Kohat
Fatima Jinnah College for Girls, KDA Kohat
kohat salt kohat salt
photo by: jaber kuwait
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Lodhran
City
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Lodhran city was first devloped by English rulers in 18th century in the north side of sutlaj rivers. This city is situated on the main Multan - Bahawalpur highway. and 17 Km in the north of Bahawalur. The city's location makes it the important city in Southern Punjab. It is one of the important city which connect Punjab to Sindh.

There are lot of Muslim Sufi or Saints that provide spirtual wealth and satisfaction to the resident of the city.
Cotton crop Cotton crop
photo by: Hussain Majid
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Mian Channu
City
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The city of Mian Channu is situated approx 100 kilometers from the the city of Multan and is in the Khanewal district. Mian Channu comes before the Multanas if you heading towards Karachi from Lahore. Going in the other direction Mian Channu is approx. 50km from Sahiwal (about the One hours travelling time).

The city comprises some very beautiful residential homes and buildings with admirable architecture. Furtermore the city is continously growing with business and attracting alot of ex-pats.

The city is famous for its Agricultural Implements (Ghazi Industries being the first in the country to produce these on a large scale), Cotton, Wheat production. Late Ghulam Haider Wain (Chief Minister of The Punjab) contributed to its development. Moreover, Mian Channu is famous for it's one of the best sweets "Khushi Burfi"

only one online travel agency KAEYNAT TRAVELS INTL , in minchannu distt,also one in SAPNA COUNSULTAN WHO IS THE SPECIALIST INUK VISAS,

 

Nowshera
City
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Nowshera (Soon Valley-Khushab PUNJAB) is situated to the north of Khushab district, probabally the most populated area in the begining of northern hill areas(Salt Range). It has many small towns situated all around the beautiful Lake known as Jheel Uchhali. Overall it is called as Soon Valley, a beautiful hill station, people like to come from all over pakistan to visit the Sodhi Garden, Narvari Garden, Phulvari Garden & Kanhatty Garden. Soon Valley is blessed by Three lakes, the Uchhali lake, Khabaki lake and Jahlar Lake. In the winter season thousands of birds/ducks migrate from Ciberia which enhances the natural beauty of Soon Valley. The land of Soon is really fertile, it has the ability to cultivate almost all types of crops/Ajnaas. The most popular of all is the off season Gobhee(Coulieflower) and many other vegs of Soon Valley  (mainly from the small town known as Khohrah) which is famous all over Pakistan. 

In conclusion this is the most beautiful place of Pakistan where the Government never invested even a penny to promote tourism. Although Nowshera has a sub Tehsil status but people are demanding to give it the status of Tehsil so that all local governmental administrative structure can be based there. This can become a good vistors place and touristic attraction.

 

 Ochali lake Ochali lake
photo by: Irfan
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Pakpattan
City
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Pakpattan is the famous district of Province Punjab, also known as the city of saints. Many Muslim sofi saints worked here for the glory of Islam. Other then Muslims, Sikh spritual leaders also did meditation in this region. The old name of pakpattan was Ajodhan. The great saint sofi Baba Groo Nanak of Sikh faith also visited here. The Baba Faried ud din qutab (Al Masood) also stayed here for the preaching of Islam, By the virtue of his preach and his great deeds, thousands of local population (Hindus) of his time accepted the teachings of Isalm. Still the Mureedin of Baba Farid comes from all over the sub-continent and many came and pass through the Bab-e-Baheest (Just a local ritual of passing through the gate in Pakpattan). Near the Pakpatan, Mlaka Hans is satuated where Punjabi philosophar and known poet all over Punjab, Warris Shah wrote his famous book of love story "Heer Waris Shah".
Darbar of great sufi shaykh Khawaja Muhammad Akbal Ali Naqshbandi Mujadadi Siddiqi R.A. (Pir Karyan)  Darbar of great sufi shaykh Khawaja Muhammad Akbal Ali Naqshbandi Mujadadi Siddiqi R.A. (Pir Karyan)
photo by: Ramdan Faizi
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Rahim Yar Khan
City
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Rahim Yar khan was declared as a separate administration district in 1943. The district derives its name from its headquarter city Rahim Yar Khan. The previous name of this city was Naushehra which was built in 1875 A.D by Fazal Elahi Halani on the ruins of the ancient Pul-Wadda during the Sumra supremacy in Sindh. In the year 1881, the Railway Authorities desired to change the name of railway station in the name of a town called Nowshera situated in Peshawar district. Consequently in 1881 to avoid any confusion because of similar nomenclature, Nawab Sadiq Khan-IV of Bahawalpur changed the name of the sub-division Naushehra after the name of his first son crown prince Rahim Yar Khan.

Location


The district lies between 27.40' - 29.16' north latitudes and 60.45' - 70.01' east longitudes.

Area

The total area of the district is 11,880 square kilometers. The district comprises four Tehsils namely Rahim Yar Khan, Sadiqabad, Liaquatpur and Khanpur. All the Tehsils are Tehsil Municipal Administration (TMA).

Boundaries


Rahim Yar Khan is bounded on the north by Dera Ghazi Khan district, on the east by Bahawalpur district, on the south by Jasilmir ( India ) and Ghotki district of Sindh province and on the west by Rajanpur district.

Physical Features & Topography

This district is divided into three main physical features i.e. (a) Riverine area. (b) Canal irrigated area and (c) Desert area which is called Cholistan. The Riverine area of the district lies close on the southern side of the Indus river mainly falling in the river bed. The canal irrigated area lies on the South and is separated by main Minchan Bund. The approximate height of the irrigated area is 150 to 200 meters above the sea level. The third part of the area called Cholistan lies in the south of the irrigated tract upto the Indo-Pak border. The surface of the desert consists of a succession of sand dunes rising at places to a height of 150 metres and covered with the vegetation peculiar to sandy tracts.

Weather

The climate of the district is hot and dry in the summer and cold and dry in the winter. The summer season is comparatively longer. It starts in April and continues till October. The winter season goes from November to March. However, the months of March and November are pleasant. Dust storms are frequent during summer season. The average rain fall is about 100 millimetres. General Description Of The District Rahim Yar Khan

Introduction


RYK was declared as a separate administration district in 1943. The district derives its name from its headquarter Rahim Yar Khan. The previous name of this district was Naushehra, which was built in 1875 A.D by Fazal Elahi Halani on the ruins of the ancient Pul-Wadda during the Sumra supremacy in Sindh. In the year 1881, the Railway Authorities desired to change the name of a railway station in the name of a town called Nowshera situated in Peshawar district. Consequently in 1881 to avoid any confusion because of similar nomenclature Nawab Sadiq Khan-IV of Bahawalpur also changed the name of the sub-division Naushera after the name of his first son Rahim Yar Khan.

Location


The district lies between 27°- 40¢ to 29°-16¢ north latitudes and 60° - 45¢ to 70° - 01¢east longitudes.

Boundaries

R Y K is bounded on the north by Muzaffargarh district, on the east by Bahawalpur district, on the south by Jasilmir ( India ) and Ghotki district of Sindh province and on the west by Rajanpur district.

Area
T

he total area of the district is 11,880 square kilometers. The district comprises four Tehsils, namely Rahim yar Khan, Sadiqabad, Liaqatpur and Khanpur. There are three municipal committees and five town committees in the district.

Physical features and Topography


This district is divided into three main physical features i.e.
(a) Riverine area,
(b) Canal irrigated area, and
(c) Desert area which is called Cholistan. The Riverine area of the district lies close on the southern side of the Indus River mainly falling on the riverbed. The Canal irrigated area lies on the south and is separated by main Minchun Bund. The approximate height of the irrigated area is 150 to 200 meters above the sea level. The part of the area is called Cholistan lies on the south of the irrigated tract up to the Indo-Pak border. The surface of the desert consists of successions of sand dunes rising at places to a height of 150 meters and covered with the vegetation peculiar to sandy tracts.

Flora


The flora of the district characterizes two major ecological divisions, northern and southern. The botanical life found in the northern half identifies itself with that of the rest of the irrigated tracts at central Punjab . There had been considerable increase in the cultivated area, factors such as water logging and salinity have badly hit plant life and with the increase of salinity at the surface only the salt resistant plants can survive in most of the area. The southern area of the district is characterized by sand dunes, more or less barren of vegetation except in the rainy season. The bulk of the vegetation consists of stunted, thorny or prickly shrubs and perennial herbs capable of withstanding drought.  Most of the vegetation grows in open clump formations with plenty of vacant spaces between them. Distinctly scattered trees of stunted growth are found along the depressions technically known as desert scrub

Climate
  Weather

The climate of the district is hot and dry in the summer and cold and dry in the winter. The summer season is comparatively longer.  It starts in the month of April and continues till October. The winter season goes from November to March. However, the months of March and November are pleasant. Dust storms are frequent during summer season. The average rainfall is about 100millimeters.

Rainfall


Generally there is a little rainfall and at times almost none.

Ethintic Structure And History


History


When Alexander gained victory over Multan , he appointed General Philipos to rule Multan and Uch and advanced himself towards Alor. The country remained under Philops, who was afterwards driven out by Poros after the death of Aleander. This part of the country is also said to have been a part of the Buddhist Empire of Ashoka. Authenticated history of the district begins by about 493 A.D. when Raja dynasty of Rai dynasty came to the throne. In the Rai dynasty dominions were vast, extending from Kashmir and Kanauj to Kandhar and Seistan and on the west to Mekran and a part of Debal, while on the south to Surat . Their capital was Alor and during their rule Sindh was divided into four provinces of Bahmanabad, Siwistan, Chachpur and the province consisting of Multan and west Punjab . The Rai dynasty governed Sindh for 137 years and met its fate when the king Rai Sahasi 11, allowed a Brahman Chach to gain influence in his kingdom. On the death of Rai Sahasi 11, Chach married his widow and established himself on the throne after killing the rightful heir of the Rai. After a reign of 33 years, Chach died and was succeeded by his brother Chandar who after ruling for eight years was succeeded by his nephew Raja Dahir. During Dahir's reign some Arab carrying ships carrying merchandise were attacked and plundered by his subjects. Arsabs demanded compensation and on refusalby Raja Dahir, Muhammad Bin Qasim invaded this area in April 712 A.D and conquered the whole territory upto Multan . Dahir was killed in the battle at Pawar. The territory remained under the various governors appointed by the Abbbasidexzs and the Ummayids from 712-870 A.D. In 871 A.D the powers of Caliphs declined and thew province of Sindh slipped from their control and went under the Balkh dynesty when two participalities, Multan and Mansura ( Bahawalpur   Division ) werew founded. In 985 A.D,the Balkh ruler was over thrown by Karamatian  ( a persian sect. ). In 978 A.D, when Subak Tagin invaded the subcontinent, he left the territory under the sovereignty of Hamid Khan Lodhi, who ruled till 1004 A.D. When Abdul Fateh, son of Hamid Khan Lodhi, revolted against Ghaznavids and was jailed by Mahmud Ghaznavi. Fourteen years later, Mahmud again visited Multan and marched to Somnathpassing through Bahawalpur territory and on his way visited Moujgarh Fort (in Bahawalpur Tehsil ) On his rewturn from the conquest of Somnath. Mahmud placed a Karamatian prince on the throne in theis area. The reign of Karamatian was followed by Sumaras and Samas; who ruled it for nearly 500 years. In the 1578 A.D the territory was invaded and conquered by the Ghjori Sultans of Delhi, who were succeeded by the Mughals. The exodus of the Abbasides nobles of Egypt to India had already started in the reign of Muhammad Taughlak_bin_Ghiasuddin. This Taughlak emperor of India recognised the Abbassides Caliph, Abdul Abbas_Al_Hakim in Egypt and eccepted his spiritual leader shiop. He even got the name of the caliph inscribed on the Indian coinage of his reign.  In 1366 A.D Amir Sultan Ahmed 11, Abbasi, fiftieth direct descendant from Abdul Qasim Ahmed (the first Abbasid Caliph ruled in Egypt ) migrated to India with his family and a few hundred of followers entered into South through Balochistan and settled down in Sindh. Those Arabs who had already settled in Sindh rallied round the Amir. In the course of time the Amir"s fami;ly gradually moved north-ward losing much of the ruler of Jaisdalmir. In 1540, Duddees,a well known trib,e rose to considerable power in the eastern part of Bahawalpur .  In the same period , Amir Channi Khan Abbassi was made Ranjhazari by Prince Murad ( the son of emperor Akbar Khan the Great) . After the death of Amior Mohammad Channi Khan, quarrels arose between the two sections of Abbasis, the Kalhora and Daudpota tribes. The Arab tribes settled in Bahawalpur , sided with the latter who were destined to create and rule Bahawalpur state. Amir Bahadur Khan Abbasi, the chief of Daupota then came to power he and his descendants wielded small principalities in Bahawalpur state into a united kingdom . Amir Muhammad Mubarik Khan 1,Abbasi who came to the power in 1702, was an able commander and leader. Throughout his reign he had to fight many battles against Kalhoras. He abdicated in 1723 A.D in favor of his son, Sadiq Mohammad Khan 1, who was killed in battle with Khuda Yar Kalhora.   Amir Mohammad Bahawalpur Khan 1, (1746-1949) ascended the throne in 1746. During his short rule, he built the towns of Bahawalpur , Qaimpur, Hasilpur, Tranda Ali Murad Khan, Shabazpur and Mohammadpur Lamman. During his reign three canals namely Khan Wah, Qutab Wah and Wahi Qaider Dina were dug. As a result the agriculture of the state improved considerably and the people became prosperous. Amir Muhammad Mubarik Khan 11 Abbasi ( 1749-1772 ) succeeded Amir Muhammed  Bahawal Khan 1 Abbasi. In 1750, he captured Marot, Jaissalmor and Madwala and its dependencies west of the Sutlej and Panjnad, now part of Muzaffargarh district from Nahrs. Bet Doma territory which belonged to Makhdum Sheikh Raju of Sitpur was also conquered. Later a part of the country including the important towns of Dunyapur and Kahrorwere occupied. In 1776, the Sikhs confederates jhanda singh, Ganda Singh and Hari singh invaded the Amir"s trans-sutlej territories but were repulsed. Pakpattan was fixed as the boundary between Bahawalpur and the Sikh state. Amir Mohammad Mubarik Khan 11 Abbasi was an able administrator and a powerful ruler. He took keen interest in builkding his army. Many of the forts on the border of the state were built during his reign. He kept the Sikhs in check. Many canals on which the prosperity of the district depended were constructed during his time. Amir Muhammad Bahawal Khan II, Abbasi succeeded him and ruled from 1772 to 1809 A.D He assumed the title of Muhammad Bahawal Khan II. In 1777, the Sikh captured Multan.From 1785 to 1788, Amir had to encounter Taimur Shah, the powerful Durrani monarch of Kabul.Bahawalpur was plundered by Durranis, the town was burnt and destroyed. The Fort Derawar was also occupied and Taimur Shah garrisoned it with troops under his general Shah Muhammad Khan Badozai, but eventually the Amir drove out the Durranis after fighting many fierce battles. In 1802 Shah Muhammad of Kabul sent a valueable Khilat and title of Mukhlis-ud-daudla. A mint was started at Bahawalpur in 1802, where gold, silver and copper coins were made. The first treaty between Bahawalpur and the British government was affected in 1883, which remained in force till the August14 th, 1947 when the state acceded to Pakistan . After Muhammad Bahawal Khan 11, prince Abdullah Khan under the title of Sadiq Muhammad Khan II ( 1809-1825 ) was proclaimed Amir of Bsahawalpur . The greater part of his reign passed in repelling the attacks of the Amirs of Sindh, in suppressing the rebellions of his own Umaras and protecting his conquered territories. On the death of Amir Sadiq Mohammad Khan II in 1825 A.D, Amir Bahawal Khsan III ascended the throne in 1825 at Derawar. He ruled from 1825-1852 A.D. On his accession to the throne Amir sent presents to Maharaja sent his congratulations and some presents to Amir. As some dues for the lease of Dera Ghazi Khan had not been paid for several years, Ranjit Singh sent for  a force under General Venture to expel the governor appointed there by the Amir of Bahawalpur without giving him any oppurtunity for parley. General Ventura occupied Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh and Multan , and they thus passed from the rule of the state. The Amir was very upset at this loss. Alliance with neighbouring states Sindh, Bikanir or Jaisalmir were out of question for they were already hostile to Bahawalpur . Ranjit Singh sent a large force under Sham Singh Atariwala to Kahoror to invade the state on any pretext. There upon the Amir sent an envoy to the British Governor Generalat Simla to invoke his intervention. Lord William Bentinck, the British Governor General, accepted the proposal and Ranjit Singh was warned not to cross the Sutlej . In 1833 Nawab negotiated a treaty of friendship and alliance with the British. In 1842 Parganas of Kot Sabzal and Ghung Bhara lost by the state in 1807, were conquered by the British from the Mirs of Sindh resorted to Bahawalpur state by Sr.Charles Napier. In 1848 the Amir of Bahawalpur assisted the British in the battle of Multan . As a result of Bahawalpur British alliance Multan fell and was made part of the British Indian territory. On the death of Amir Bahawal Khan III, Sadiq Mohammad Khan III, (1852-1853 ) was crowned as Amir. On assuming rule, he confined prince Haji Khan and his brothers and treated them harshly. A large number of the Bahawalpur army was demobilized. All the grants, rights and claims of Daudpotas and other usual expenses were diminished and abolished. These events made the Amir unpopular. On the 29 th of Rabi-ul-Sani, 1269 A.H, Fateh Garh Fort was attacked at night. Prince Haji Khan who was kept as prisner, was freed and brought to Khanpur.. Prince Haji Khan, who was kept as a prisnor, was freed and brought to Khanpur. Haji Khan entered Ahmedpur East without any resistance and Sadiq Muhammad Khan 111 was imprisoned. Prince Rahim nYar Khan succeeded his father, the late Amir Fateh Khan Abbasi, as Muhammmad Bahawal Khan IV ( 1858-1866 ). He was poisoned and died on the 25 th March. 1866. On the death of Bahawal Khan IV, Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV was crowned when he was four and half years old. He was installed in 1879, when he attained maturity. In the interim period from 1866 to 1879, British Officers supervised the state. Amir Muhammad Bahawal Khan V, the next successor was about 16 years of age at the time of his father's death in 1907. He was then a child of three years old. He ruled the state till 1955 when it was integrated in the Punjab province of Pakistan .

Meer Syed Muhammad Hussain Esqr was the 1st Tehsildar of the Tehsil Rahim Yar Khan in last quarter of 19th century. He was a lond lord of the area and very famous due to his kindness. He is called a Saint of this area. He was died getting an age of more then 100 years in 1963. In the old city of Rahim Yar Khan, one of the most populated bazar/road is on his name. He had 8 sons and 7 daughters. All his sons were a big government officials during the period of Ex-State of Bahawal Pur. His elder son Meer Syed Ghulam Muhammad Shah Esr. was the Deputy Collector of Irrigation Department and he was died in 1976 at Bahawal Pur at an age of 78 years. His 2nd son Meer Syed Muhammad Tassadaq Hussain Shah Esq. was the Police Inspector and famous from his Designation as "Kaptan Sahib". He was died in 1953 at an age of 52 years at Bahawal Pur. His 3rd son was Meer Syed Tafazul Hussain Shah Esq. and he was a Sessions Judge. He died at an age of 62 years in 1964 at Rahim Yar Khan. The 4th son was Meer Syed Ahmed Hassan Shah Esq. and he was a Land Lord and he was also died in young age at Rahim Yar Khan. The 5th son of Meer Syed Muhammad Hussain Shah Esq. was Meer Syed Tajammul Hussain Shah Esq. He was Secretary of Muncipal Committee, Rahim Yar Khan. The plane of new city of Rahim Yar Khan including buildings of Town Hall was made during his tenure. He died in Karachi in 1985. Another one was Meer Syed Altaf Hussain Shah Esq. and he was also a Police Inspector. He was also died at the age of 56 years in 1968 at Rahim Yar Khan. His 7th son Meer Syed Inayat Hussain Shah Esq. was also an Official who served the Government of Ex-State of Bahawal Pur as well as Pakistan as Extra Additional Commissioner of Bahawal Pur. He is still alive and residing at Bahawal Pur. The last son was Meer Syed Sajjad Hussain Shah Esq. He was also a land lord and very famous for his social work. He died at Bahawal Pur in 1970.

Races and Tribes


The major tribes in the clony area are the Qureshi Hashmi, Laarr, Jhullan, Warind, Dahar, Drigh, Khalti, Dhukkur, Jhabail, Nonari, Arain Jat, Rajput and Gujjar. They have all come from the adjoining districts of East and West Punjab . The old settlers are the Joya, Wattoo, Daudpota, Balouch, Syed and Pathan. In Cholistan area the Bohar, Lark, Bhen, who came from Arabia to preach Islam. The Jats and Rajputs came from Rajputana and Jaisalmir and converted to Islam in the reign of Feroz Shah Tughlak.

Rivers
      

The Indus flows on the northern outskirts of the districts of Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh. There is no other river, Nullah or lake in this district.

Culture
Dress and ornaments

The common attire in the rural area for the male is a long loose shirt hanging up to the knees, made of coarse cloth, a chadder and pagri. In the urban areas, Shalwar and a Dupatta is the dress of choice. In the Cholistan area, the women generally wear short shirts and ghagras and Dopattas. People use cheap and coarse cloth for dresses. For footwear, men in the rural areas wear locally made shoes prepared by the village cobbler ( Mochi ). The women of this area are very fond of wearing ornaments, both golden and silver.

Food habits


Wheat is the staple food grains of this area. Bajra or maize is also used in the villages in lieu of wheat. People in the rural area mostly consume vegetables, pulses, milk butter and ghee. The inhabitants ordinarily take meals thrice a day. The first in the morning before leaving for the work on the fields and consist of wheat bread with lassi ( curd with water ) milk and butter. The midday meal consists of wheat bread with lassi, onions, chillies, pickles, and seldom with cooked vegetables and meat. While evening meal is taken at home on return or in the field after the day's work and generally comprises wheat bread with vegetables, beef or mutton and in the summers with milk.Vegetables are consumed mostly in winter when turnibs, raddish and mustard are plentiful. Sag ( pot herb ) and dal are commonly used in super. Chopri roti ( bread smeared with Ghee or butter ) is given to the working male members of the family and the women folk rarely enjoy this buttered bread. Addittion of Gur or sugar makes it of surpassing richness. Tobacco is commonly smoked by the male cultivators. Dates and mangoes are the favorite fruits and the poor take them with chapati. Meat is rare commodity in villages available only at once a week and generally in the form of beef. In Sadiqabad area, a favorite dish of rich is Saji, a goat or lamb roasted in the oven or on fire.

Betrothal and Marriage


In an agrarian society, marriages are awaited occasions. Despite the hurry and pace of life brought in by the modern times with their tractors and threshers, there is enough time in the villages to look forward to the occasion and make preparations for it months in advance. It is an occasion for pomp and show and ostentation of joy, of settling family feuds, of sewing seeds of new tensions in the social and family relations. A marriage in a village, besides involving the spread around family also involves the whole village including those who work and help in making arrangements for the big occasion. But real strings are held in the hands of the man or woman who moves between the two houses, those of the groom and the bride. Such men and women belong usually to the families of the traditional barbers ( Naais ) who profess skills in many fields e.g. barbers, cooks, glib talkers, excellent emissaries between families, messengers and crude surgeons as they perform their skill from ordinary sores to the mandatory circumcision. The bride's parents are not supposed to broach the subject openly. On the occasion of engagement the groom's family take sweets, golden ring silk clothes for the bride and clothes other presents for the other members. The acceptance of such gifts is a sign that the engagement has been made. In return a Lungi and a gold ring is presented for the groom from the bride's side. The elders of both families sit together and pray for the prosperity of the new relationship and success of the marriage. In the phase approaching the wedding ceremony, the groom is called Ghoat and the girl is called as Kanwar. A week later or before the marriage the girl is totally confined and locally made cosmetic (paste ) called Cheeko or ubtun is appplied to her body to brighten her complexion. As the date of the marriage approaches, colorful and melodious songs known as Sehras arew sung by the relatives of the boy. However rejoicing at the home of the bride is not appreciated. On the night preceding the marriage, the palms of the bride and the groom are smeared with Mehndi and feast are arranged for the number of the relatives who arrived at the groom's house. The groom wears a colorful thread on his left wrist with a small Potli (knot) containing an iron ring and six herbs called Ganna. On the wedding day before the barat leaves for the brides house the groom is generally paid Nindra, in cash. He is not allowed to change his clothes, as he is supposed to put on new clothes at the bride residence where the old clothes are handed over to the family barber. On the arrival of Barat, a goat is demanded from the family of the groom and the ceremony is called Dheangen or Dheangana. After the Nikkah ceremony the groom is made to sit on a basket made of straws and his given a bath where after he wears new clothes offered by his in laws. Oil and musk are applied on his head in a ceremony called Tail Lagana and vail (cash ) are paid to the menials. After that the groom is taken to the bride's room where the sisters of the bride take a chance to play some lovely tricks with him. One shoes of the groom are stolen by the girls and a piece of thread is revolved in a circle seven times around the thumb of his raised right hand and toe of the foot in circles in a pursuance of a ceremony called Dawan Watra.. For the return of shoes the groom has to pay a handsome amount to his sisters in laws. Next the groom is taken to a room and seated on a cot with the bride facing towards him. Among the locals, their heads are touched seven times in a ceremony called Lavan or Sarmail. Muth Kholai rite is also performed and the groom opens flat the palm of the girl where after he is obliged to make some payment. During the Arsi ceromony the couple is enabled to see each other in the mirror. The arsi the groom touches the foot of the father in law and other elders for this gesture of obedience he is paid in cash. Doli is placed on Kachawa or a car or a bullock cart. The saraiki people perform the rukhsti in different manner. They place a saddle on the horse back and both the bride and the groom are seated on it. There they are tied with a dupatta at their waists before the departure of barat for the groom's house. When the barat arrives back to the groom's house some people slaughter a goat as a gesture of alm ( sadqa ) The girl is also paid Mun Dakhai or Ghond  Kholai i.e; face showing. In the late night the groom is left alone with the bride. Walima denotes consummation of marriage. On third day or in some cases on the seventh day in a Satwara ceremony the bride along with the groom returns to her parents for a couple of days.  Child marriage was common in the backward families especially amongst the locals. However with the introduction of the Muslim family Laws Ordinance, 1962 which prohibits it, it is somewhat discouraged. This custom was very common as a result of the inhibition that the girls could not be married outside their families and also with a view to avoid the alienation of property.It is still practice in some rural areas. Such marriages are also the consequences of Wata-sata. There is an agreement called Lakhai Parahi which is resorted to it if a girl is a major and she is married to a boy without exchange but in turn the boys enter s an agreement that on the event on the birth of a daughter this new born baby would be betrothed to a male member of the mother's family.

Births


On the birth of a male child, sweet rice and milk are distributed in a ceremony called Chhatti. In most cases the child is named at this stage. The head of the child is shaven usually on seventh day or during the period of Chhillah and sacrifice of two goats in case of baby boy and a sheep or goat in case of baby girl is made in a ceremony called Aqiqa. Circumcision is also performed on the male infant at this stage. In certain cases meals are also served to the relatives and presents received for the baby. The mother during the first forty days, called the rakh period, is made to avoid visits to a house where there has been a recent death.

Deaths


The dead body is given a bath (Ghusal ) and is wrapped in a shroud (kafan ). After the bath, perfume is sprayed on it and Namaz-E-Janaza is offered. After this the dead body is laid down in prescribed position, its head turned towards the holy Kaaba. Some families place dead bodies in wooden boxes before burial. For identification purposes, an epitaph is erected at the head of the grave. Sometimes a pacca tomb is also built. After the burial, prayers are also offered for the departed soul once near the grave and again outside the graveyard. Qulkhawani is held by recitation from Holy Quran and alms (Khairat ) are distributed for the salvation of the deceased. Chelum is observed on fortieth day of death when new garments are given to Imama of the mosque and to the person who bathed the dead body . In some families, on the death of an old man, the Chelum ceremony is celebrated with a sumptuous feast for the relatives and friends. Instead of Chelum certain families observe jumarats and on every Thursday, meals are distributed amongst the poor, this continuous for seven consecutive Thursdays. Every year death anniversary is observed and food is distributed amongst the poor by the successor of the deceased. This rite is called Varheen. There is custom amongst the Cholistani, his heirs are obliged to offer one kilo of desi gheee and seven breads to each and every person of the tribe when they turn up to offer condolence, spreading over a period of one year. On the expiry of one year, all the tribes men assemble and are again served with meals by the heirs of the deceased. On that occasion, the most respected elder of the tribe declares the closure of the distribution of Sat Roti. A tale goes that a Cholistani Sardar died leaving behind a large number of cattle, sheep and goats and his heirs had to sell them off to observe the custom of Sat Roti in consequence thereof, they had to resort to begging. The custom of Sat Roti is performed to satisfy the vanity of the deceased and his successors.

Sports and festivals


Kabaddi s liked and played almost in all urban and rural areas of the districts. Besides, hockey, badminton ,football, tennis, cricket, lawntennis are plyed. Wrestlers of the district have position among wrestlers of the province. There is a Sports Committee headed by the Deputy Commissioner for the Organizing various Tournaments in the district. A District Sports Organizer also assist the Deputy Commissioner as Secretary of the Sports Committee in this respect. Twenty Sports Associations are working for promoting various sports in the district with the idea to prepare nursery for sports.

Places Of Interest


Rahim yar khan city

Rahim Yar Khan city is situated in the center of the district. It is a prominent railway junction, on the main line of Pakistan Railways, between Lahore and Karachi . It is at a distance of 634 kilometers from Karachi , 566 kilometers from Lahore and 176 kilometers from Bahawalpur . Shahi Road , Railway road, Colony Gulberg road and Hospital road are the important roads in the city. Zaffar Market, New Sadiq Bazaar, Sadar Bazaar and Grain Market are the shopping centers in the city. A stadium known as Mahmud Stadium is situated at a distance of one kilometer from the city. It has a seating capacity for 15,000 persons and contains grounds for cricket, football, hockey and volley ball. There is Sadiq Club, which is located in Officers Colony and have spacious games. It has a swimming pool and vast halls. There are spacious grounds for various games. It has a swimming pool and vast halls. There are three swimming pools in the city.

BAGH-I-BAHISHT. (The Garden of Heaven ).

It is one of the most beautiful and biggest gardens of this area. It is 5 km far from SADIQ Abad.  Its 1 st owner was Meer Syed Abid Hussain Esq. who had built this garden. The garden consists upon more than 75 acrs. After his death, his only son MEER SYED Zahid Hussain Esq. reconstructed it with his full zeal and zest and brought the each and every plant from all over the world and made it the beautiful lest one of this area. After his death in 2003, his only son Meer Syed Fazal Ellahi Fazli is maintaining it with the same spirit of his father and grandfather and still improving. This garden is, although, the private but also open for the public at prescribed hours and days.

Mubarak Urdu Library Muhammadabad (sanjarpur) 

Late Sayyed Mubarak Shah Jillani Made this personal library in the remote area of Rahim Yar Khan. Now a days library is looked after by Sayed Anis Shah Jillani. there are books of rare quality on English, Urdu , Saraiki and Hindi. there is large collection of books on and about  Asadullah Ghalib. there are found old scripts of the famous and recognised poets and prose writers. 

MEER SYED ZAHID HUSSAIN’S LIBRARY.

Late Meer Syed Zahid Hussain Esq. made a very good and the biggest personal library of this area which has very antique collection of books on each and every topic. Some books including Quran Shareef are very very old and hand written scripts which are very prestigious back ground. Now, his only son Meer Syed Fazal Ellahi Fazli is maintaining this library. This library is also open for public.

FAUJI FERTILIZER FACTORY, MACHI GOTH .

This factory is 5 km far from SADIQ Abad and one of the biggest fertilizer factories in Asia . It was build by Fauji Foundation which is for old/ex-army servants. It was constructed in 1974 and was completed in 1979.

Bhutta Wahan

It is situated at a distance of 16 kilometers in the North of Rahim Yar Khan, on the lost river Hakra. The village is said to be named after the name of Raja Bhutta who captured this locality after Raja Dahir. This village is also claimed to be the birth place of Sassi, the renowned heroine of Sassi-Pannun and of Ab-ul-Fazal and Fiazi, sons of Mullah Mubarik.

Baghla Fort

Remnants and ruins of this fort are about 34 kilometers in the south of Rahim Yar Khan city, in Cholistan area. In 1767 A.D., Ali Murad Pirjani, founder of Trinda Ali Murad Khan (a village in Thesil Rahim Yar Khan ) built this fort.

Islam Garh Fort


Islam Garh ,the old Bhinwar Fort, was built by Rawal Bhim Singh in Samabat in 1665, as the following inscription on its gate in Babri character proves "Samabat 1665 Asuj Wadi 2, Maharaj Rawal Siri Bhim Singh ji Maharaj". The Fort is situated in the Cholistan area of Tehsil Khanpur. It is 46 kilometers south east of Baghla Fort. The fort is in a dilapidated state.

Khair Garh Fort


Remnants and ruins of this fort are located, about 40 kilometers south of Khanpur Town , in the Cholistan area. In 1189 A.H. Haji Khan, son of Ikhtiar Khan built it and named it Khair Garh.

Mau Bubarik Fort

According to Tarikh-e-Murad, a fort was built by Raj Hans Karar in Mau Mubarik as a residence for his mother, hence the name Mau refers to mother in local language. The fort was taken by Shah Arghun in 1525 A.D. It was one of the six fortresses of Raj Sahasi 11. It had 20 bastions and Towers. The ramparts were about 549 meters in circumference and the walls very strongly and thickly built. Here the shrine of a saint Sheikh  Hakim is of great importance.

Pattan Minar


The ruins of Pattan Minar are located at a distance of about 8 kilometers in east south of Rahim Yar Khan city. It has variously been described as the remains of Asahoka period, who built it in 250 B.C. or a Buddist monastery. Nearby the minar, remains of a fort, a mosque and some tunnels are also visible. About 110 years ago Colonel Minchin a political agent of Ex-Bahawalpur state started the excavation of these tunnels but discontiued digging for some reasons or other. According to Colonel Toy it was the capital of the Hindu kingdom in 10 A.D. In the mid of the 18 th century A.D. Fazal Elahi Khan Halani a Daupauta chief destroyed it and used its materials in the construction of Baghla and Dingar Fort.

Mosque Of Bhong


It is situated in the village Bhong at a distance of 28 kilometers from Sadiqabad and 53 kilometers from Rahim Yar Khan. It was constructed by Rias Ghazi Muhammad, a big landlord of Bhong. It has beautiful design of arts and crafts, with marble stones of various kinds and colors. It is well electrified with chandeliers of different kinds. It is a beautiful piece of architecture. Being a worth seeing religious place, tourists from far off places visit it frequently.

Palace Sultan Of Abu Dhabi

It is built by Shiekh Zayad- Bin-Sultan, ruler of Abu Dhabi . It is situated in sandy desert of Cholistan at a distance of 18 kilometers south-east from Rahim Yar Khan.  It has large and spacious buildings having two separate portions for ladies and gentlemen. Each portion contains rooms and chambers. There are beautiful lawns in it having different beds of flowers along the well-shaped roads. Many domestic birds like peacocks are also kept there. Sultan of Abu Dhabi visits this district for hunting and stays in this palace. 

Population Size, Growth And Distribution


Population Size and Growth
The total population of Rahim Yar Khan district was 3,141,053 as enumerated in march, 1998 with an intercensal percentage increase of 70.6 since March, 1981 when it was 1,841,451 souls. The average annual growth rate was 3.2 percent during this period. The total area of the district is 11,880 square kilometers which gives population density of 264 persons per square kilometer as against 155 persons observed in 1981 indicating a fast growth rate of the district.

Rural/Urban Distribution


The urban population was 616,582 or 19.6 percent of the total population of the district which grew at an average rate of 4.3 percent during 1981-98 and had decreased from 4.7 percent observed during 1972-81. There are three Municipal Committees and five Town Committees in the district.

Religion


The population of the district is predominantly Muslims i.e. 96.7 percent. The next higher percentage is of Hindu (Jati) with 1.8 percent, followed by Scheduled Castes 0.6 percent. While other minorities like Christians, Ahmadi etc. are very small in number. The proportion of population of Muslims is higher in urban than rural areas. Christians are mostly living in urban areas representing 1.2 percent as compare to 0.2 percent in rural areas. Ahmadis are equal in proportion in urban and rural areas.

Mother Tongue


Siraiki is the predominant language being spoken in the district, representing 62.6 percent of the population, followed by Punjabi and Urdu spoken by 27.3 and 2.9 percent respectively and Sindhi by 2.0 percent while others speak Pushto, Balochi, Bravi, Dari etc.

Literacy And Education Attainment
Literacy

The literacy ratio in the district has increased from 20.0 percent in 1981 to 33.1 percent in 1998. The literacy ratio for males is 43.4 percent as against 21.8 percent for females. The ratio is much higher in urban when compared with rural areas both for male and female.

Main Resturent in City
Kefi lamus the food trak and hot chiks are best hotel of this city havily resturent bhati snicks pizza and pizza there are many small cafe in this city its

Camel Dance in Cholistan Camel Dance in Cholistan
photo by: Mian Shahid (Liaquat Pur)
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Sargodha
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Sargodha has very rich agricultural land and a divisional headquarters. It includes khushab, mianwali, bhakar, and sargodha itself. Aastan-i-Fazal, near 49 N.B (tail) is a best place to visit.Its a place in Sargodha where humanity is served in the way of ALLAH. tasuwuf, sufiezim and silsala-e-qadria.

Sargodha city is well developed city in terms of education and facilities. The literacy rate of sargodha city itself is very good. There are lot of good institution in sargodha e.g. "HIRA Poly Technical Institute" is the best institute of technology in Sargodha(informed by Nauman Bashir),army public college, Fazia model inter college, Punjab college, itm college,air base inter college and air base cadet college. The goverment college of sargodha now has been upgraded in sargodha university which offers number of undergraduate and postgraduate courses. Transportation in sargodha is much better than other nearest districts. The main entertainment in sargodha is cinemas and theatres. The main cinema of sargodha is Khayyam cinema which was first constructed by late Choudhary Zafar Ullah Khan in 1966 and is still owned by the same family.

Role of Sargodhians in 1965 Pakistan India War.

In 1966, Pakistan Government had awarded the citizens of Lahore, Sialkot And Sargodha for their braveness in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 which was started on 06.09.1965. when the Indian Army Troops suddenly attacked and break the Line of Control in the West Pakistan sector at near about 3.00 AM. The Indian Army Chief and high official announced that they would take dinner in Lahore Gymkhana Club. BBC announced this news in their news bulletins again and again. But all there dreams changed in to a dreadful dream, false and baseless when they cannot able to cross the BRB Canal with their utmost try till the end of the war. During this 17 days war, the character of Lahoris proved themselves as an undefeatable through their bravery. On 07.09.1965, the Indian Army attacked with over 1,000 armed Sherman tanks at Sialkot sector but all their dreams has been changed in to a dreadful dreams when the brave men from Pakistan Army laid down to tie the bombs on their chests and laid down in front of these tanks. It is called that this tank war was the second biggest war of tanks after 2nd World War. In the result, all most all the tanks were changed in to scrap. On the very same day, the Indian Air Force attacked the biggest air attack over Sargodha Air base with their latest Russian Mig which the had taken from the Soviet Union. But by the grace of Almighty Allah (God) once again helped the Pakistanis and most of their Russian Mig were totally damaged or fell down in an air fight.   Seeing this braveness of the People of Lahore, Sialkot and Sargodha, the Government of Pakistan awarded the cities and citizens of Lahore, Sialkot and Sargodha with the flag name "HILAL-E-ISTAQLAL" which is one of the highest civilian award. The citizens of Lahore, Sialkot and Sargodha played an important role in this war and helped Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force and Pakistan Navy with their full zeal and zest.

In the district of khushab most of its land is arid and is of two types, one is situated near a salt range, and the other one is thal.

In thal people cultivate gram( chana) on a large scale. Most people of khushab's thal rely on gram. Some land is occupied by saline water.

There are some lake type places where saline water is available throughout the whole year.and it is spoiling the land for years. Some of that palces are kaka, rangpur, and laghari.

Literacy rate in khushab is not low but not suffciant due to unavailability of schools and colleges. Most of the students travel daily for an hour or more to get in the college and same with high school.

Transportation is very poor.roads are damaged, specially muzafargarh road which leads to multan from jauharabad is not repaired and not modified for years.

Mianwali is the second district of the sargodha division and was developed in 1909.literacy rate is reasonable.

Bhakar is also desert area but it is developed and people use tubewells to water their land. But installing a tubewell is costly and a comman man can not afford it.literacy rate is reasonable.

But transportation facilties are not good. People are migrating towards well-off areas like jauharabad and other cities like sargodha.

Jhelum river runs between district khushab and sargodha.it also acts as a boundry line but is not more than a hindrance. People mostly have their relation across the river and crossing river is very teasing experiance.

Bridge is being demanded at jhelum river near jauhara kalan. Funds have been approved but no progress has yet been made.

Another problem that has made people' life uncertain is atomic energy plant at giroot. it is causing environmental and aquatic pollution.

Plant is disposing off its wastes in river from chashma jhelujm link canal at sher garh

SAHIWL TOWN, is a very famous town and tehsil headquarter of sargodha disstt.

NEHANG is a beautiful town at sargodha jhang road 55 kilometers it is a big market for the people of rural areas here is the bigest grave of hazrat sakhi hayat almir 25 feet long at the top of a hill called punj peer which is almost 1000 years old....;Its also a big Grave yard its also called BHAHOOR.The town has very rich tallent of NAAT singing. The famous Naat khwan of TV and Radio SHAHZAD AKMAL SAIFI is also belongs that town. 

Farooka is also nearest town of sargodha and is directly linked with sargodha. its about 50Km from sargodha. most of the people work in big cities (ie karachi, lahore, islamabad, etc) and contribute in the development of the country. but basicly its an agriculture town producing weat, sugar cane, rice, oranges and many other.
chishtia sugar mills pvt limited is one of the biggest sugar mills of punjab contributing to resolve the sugar crisess in pakistan.

Govt high school farooqa (formely >) a very 1st instituation in this area was established in 1906 by Heera singh.

only two celuler servies Telenor and Mobilink are available here in farooqa. (Mobilink with a better coverage). mehr ramzan 03452803950

Zong has launched its services in Farooqa and its the good quality network.


 

City of passionates:

In sargodha people enjoy life and all the good things that comes with a challenges

Shikarpur
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History of Shikarpur

Shahid Tanha

District Shikarpur with an area of 2640 squire kilo meters, is having population of 880, 000 souls. It is divided in four taulkas, which are Shikarpur, Lakhi, Gari Yaseen and Khanpur. Its borders are meeting with districts of Larkana, Jacobabd, Khairpur & Sukkur. Two National Highways ( N-65 & N-55 ) are intersectiong in city of Shikarpur , So it can well be termed as, one of the junction points of 4 provinces. District Shikarpur was famous for education & other civic amenities utp 1st half of 20th Century, through out undivided India . RAU BAHADUR UDHAU-DAS TARA CHAND Hospitial, HEERANAND GANGA BAI Ladies Hospital, CHELLA RAM & SEETAL DAS College, Two old High Schools now known as school No:1 & 2 and Girls College here, are few dignified and marvelous towers, showing outstanding standards of Shikarpurians during that era. For security the city was then protected by seven gates & one window. Now, infra-structure being old constructed, is experiencing lot of problems. Heavy inflow of rural populace, has further burdened this old system, needing immediate over-hualing. District Shikarpur is having total road length of 920.0 kilo meters, including 125.0 kilo meters National Highways and 195.0 kilo meters Provincial Highways. It is thus deficient in road density (0.35 KM / Km2 ) compared with recognized international parameters of development, ( 1 KM / KM2 ). During last few years, the creeping development activity has taken pace and 71.0 kilo meters of road, 94 nos. schools and number of schemes in drainage, health and other sectors have been completed, under various Programmes. Basically agrarian economy of district Shikarpur, is dependent upon non-perennial irrigation system, so the district is practically in Semi Drought Conditions always. Last spell of drought has further worsened this situation, creating heavy un-employment and un-sustainable poverty, which without doubt creates serious law & order situations.

Ghanta Ghar Shikarpur Ghanta Ghar Shikarpur
photo by: shahid.tanha@yahoo.com
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Murree
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The Muree travel guide covers attractions such as mountains and popular tourist activities. Murree was once a British hill station. Murree is elevated above its surroundings, providing amazing views over the surrounding areas. Recent development has taken away from the natural beauty of the area.

Transport

It is possible to fly into Islamabad International Airport which is the closest airport to Murree. Muree is accessible by road from Islamabad. The duration of the journey is approximately 1 hour and there are tourist attractions along the way. The route travels through beautiful scenery and visitors can see more of the Pakistani landscape. The closest rail station is Rawalpindi Cantonment Station. The best way travel is by taxi, bus or car. Public transport can be crowded. Roads provide links to nearby towns.

Safety

If you are going to be driving make sure that you have the skills to navigate the roads and mountainous terrain. There are medical centers that can provide treatment for minor illnesses.

Attractions

Merre attractions include Kashmir Point and Pindi Point. It is possible to catch a chairlift up to Pindi Point. It is believed that the Christian Mary was buried in Murree and her grave is situated on a hill in Murree. Murree has spectacular scenery which is the perfect setting to enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking and golf. There are many different hiking paths to chose from and hikes through the mountains are popular. It is possible to drive up some of the mountains to take in the breath taking views. A good activity for the day is to take a picnic and enjoy a relaxing day among the natural splendor.

Shopping

Millennium Mall is located on Mall Road. The mall sells international brands and has everything from food to clothing. There are also chain fast food stalls such as KFC. There is an amusement park to entertain children. On the same road are restaurants and hotels. There are many shops in Murree selling souvenirs and crafts. It is possible to buy traditional items such as traditional clothing. Wooden carvings and jewelry are also on sale.

murree mal  rod murree mal rod
photo by: khurshid abbasi kaya from u a e
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Patriata
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Patriata is a hill resort some 25 km from Murree. It has become quite popular over recnet years. There is a chairlift and cable car system, which takes visitors upto Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. A restaurant has opene up on the top.
chairlift by irfan gilani chairlift by irfan gilani
photo by: Syed irfan gilani from hasilpur
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Hassan Abdal
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Hasan Abdal is 55 km west of Rawalpindi. It is a beautiful historical town in Northern Punjab and also a junction on G.T Road that enroute and connect, Peshawar to historical Khyber pass, Hazara to magnificent Karakuram highway that goes up to China and to twin cities, Rawalpindi - Islamabad.  

The town has a Sikh Temple known as Gurudwara Panja Sahib, one of the most sacred places of Sikhism. Twice a year, many pilgrims come to visit here from all over the world, especially thousands of Sikhs and Hindus visit the Gurudwara on the eve of Besakhi mela. Thou, the Gurudwara is open for everyone to visit, but visitors will have to respect the Sikh religion's privacy. The Gurudawara is beautiful from the inside, the place where the hand print lies in the center of the Gurudwara  

The other historical place is a tomb erroneously called Lala Rukh Tomb. There is a grave inside a square walled Garden and a fresh water fish pond near the tomb. On the nearby hill there is a meditation chamber attributed to 15th century's Muslim sufi saint Baba Hasan Abdal also known as Baba Wali Qandhari with local folks. The city is named after this saint. The saint stayed in Hasan Abdal from 1406-1416 AD but died and buried in village Baba Wali near Qandhar (Afghanistan).   

Also, there is a military style boys residential / boarding school known as Cadet College Hasan Abdal.  One can climb over the steps leading to the hill, for offerings and to have a panoramic view of this beautiful little town, Hasan Abdal.

Sikh Gurudawara Punja Sahib Sikh Gurudawara Punja Sahib
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Azad Kashmir
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The State of Azad Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir ( Urdu : اسلامی جمھوریۃ آزاد کشمیر ), usually shortened to Azad Kashmir (literally 'free Kashmir'), is part of the Pakistani -administered section of the Kashmir region , along with the Northern Areas ; its official name is Azad Jammu and Kashmir. It covers an area of 13,297 km² (5,134 mi² ), with its capital at Muzaffarabad , and has an estimated population of almost 4 million.

Azad Kashmir has been considered politically, constitutionally and geographically as part of a separate state, i.e. Jammu & Kashmir. This state is disputed territory, and has been controlled by both Pakistan and India since their independence, 14 / 15 August 1947 respectively. Azad Kashmir is under the indirect control of Pakistan. Its defence, foreign policy and currency are under the direct control of Pakistan.

Consequently, financial matters, i.e. budget and tax affairs, have been dealt with by the Azad Jammu & Kashmir Council, instead of the Central Board of Revenue. Azad Jammu & Kashmir Council is a supreme body consisting of 11 members, 6 from the Government of Azad Jummu & Kashmir, and 5 from the Government of Pakistan. Also its chairman / chief executive is always the President of Pakistan. Hence, the rest of members are Azad Kashmir's own Prime Minister and President and some ministers, (also note that Azad Kashmir has its own president , prime minister and legislative assembly, also supreme-court and high-court & other departments). The Central Board of Revenue (CBR) is responsible for the tax affairs of the rest of Pakistani territory, i.e. all four provinces and the capital, Islamabad.

After the partition of India in 1947, the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir (see Kashmir region ) wanted to maintain the status quo. The only way to achieve this was to remain an independent state. But both India and Pakistan wanted to claim the state of Jammu and Kashmir. As both countries prepared to intervene, an invasion by tribesmen from NWFP occurred. Fearing the might of Pakistani Forces, the Hindu Maharaja sought military help from India and in turn decided to accede to India . India accepted this and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 was fought to send Pakistani forces back.

However, the outcome of the war was not decisive, and a ceasefire was called in 1948. The dispute has not yet been solved and Kashmir has been divided between India and Pakistan along the Ceasefire Line or the Line of Control ever since.

The Western portion of Kashmir was subsequently divided into the following provinces/regions by Pakistan:-

Pakistan Administered Kashmir - The narrow Southern part - 250 miles (400 km) in length with the width varying from 10 to 40 miles (15 to 65 km), 5,135 mi² (13,300 km²) Northern Areas - A much larger area, 27,991 mi² (72,496 km²), incorporated into Pakistan and administered as a de facto dependency Trans-Karakoram Tract - A small region at the Northern frontier of Gilgit-Baltistan agency, ceded to the People's Republic of China by Pakistan in 1963. Pakistan Administered Kashmir is nominally autonomous , with its own elected President , Prime Minister , Legislature, and High Court. The state is divided into two administrative divisions which in turn are composed of eight districts.

Raja zulqarnain Khan is president of azad Kashmir and Sardar Yaqoob Khan is Prime minister.

Ghulam Ullah Kyani is wel known columnist of Kashmir.

arnd kel arnd kel
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Khan Pur
City
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Khan Pur is an important city in southern Punjab (seraikistan).It is a major railway junction on Karachi-Pashawar railway line.Before independence it was a district headquarter in Bahawal pur State but now it is a tehsil of Rahim yar khan district.Khan Pur is a city of rich culture and educated people.There are many educational institutes in the city.In this area people speak urdu,punjabi and sraiki languages.Khan Pur is close to Indian border in Cholistan area.Cholistan is a largest desert in Pakistan with very old archeological history.

Places Of Interest

Bhutta Wahan

It is situated at a distance of 16 kilometers in the North of Rahim Yar Khan, on the lost river Hakra. The village is said to be named after the name of Raja Bhutta who captured this locality after Raja Dahir. This village is also claimed to be the birth place of Sassi, the renowned heroine of Sassi-Pannun and of Ab-ul-Fazal and Fiazi, sons of Mullah Mubarik.

Baghla Fort

Remnants and ruins of this fort are about 34 kilometers in the south of Rahim Yar Khan city, in Cholistan area. In 1767 A.D., Ali Murad Pirjani, founder of Trinda Ali Murad Khan (a village in Thesil Rahim Yar Khan ) built this fort.

Islam Garh Fort

Islam Garh ,the old Bhinwar Fort, was built by Rawal Bhim Singh in Samabat in 1665, as the following inscription on its gate in Babri character proves "Samabat 1665 Asuj Wadi 2, Maharaj Rawal Siri Bhim Singh ji Maharaj". The Fort is situated in the Cholistan area of Tehsil Khanpur. It is 46 kilometers south east of Baghla Fort. The fort is in a dilapidated state.

Khair Garh Fort

Remnants and ruins of this fort are located, about 40 kilometers south of Khanpur Town, in the Cholistan area. In 1189 A.H. Haji Khan, son of Ikhtiar Khan built it and named it Khair Garh.

Mau Bubarik Fort

According to Tarikh-e-Murad, a fort was built by Raj Hans Karar in Mau Mubarik as a residence for his mother, hence the name Mau refers to mother in local language. The fort was taken by Shah Arghun in 1525 A.D. It was one of the six fortresses of Raj Sahasi 11. It had 20 bastions and Towers. The ramparts were about 549 meters in circumference and the walls very strongly and thickly built. Here the shrine of a saint Sheikh  Hakim is of great importance.

Pattan Minara

The ruins of Pattan Minara are located at a distance of about 8 kilometers in east south of Rahim Yar Khan city. It has variously been described as the remains of Asahoka period, who built it in 250 B.C. or a Buddist monastery. Nearby the minar, remains of a fort, a mosque and some tunnels are also visible. About 110 years ago Colonel Minchin a political agent of Ex-Bahawalpur state started the excavation of these tunnels but discontiued digging for some reasons or other. According to Colonel Toy it was the capital of the Hindu kingdom in 10 A.D. In the mid of the 18th century A.D. Fazal Elahi Khan Halani a Daupauta chief destroyed it and used its materials in the construction of Baghla and Dingar Fort.

Mosque Of Bhong

It is situated in the village Bhong at a distance of 28 kilometers from Sadiqabad and 53 kilometers from Rahim Yar Khan. It was constructed by Rias Ghazi Muhammad, a big landlord of Bhong. It has beautiful design of arts and crafts, with marble stones of various kinds and colors. It is well electrified with chandeliers of different kinds. It is a beautiful piece of architecture. Being a worth seeing religious place, tourists from far off places visit it frequently.

Palace Sultan Of Abu Dhabi

It is built by Shiekh Zayad- Bin-Sultan, ruler of Abu Dhabi. It is situated in sandy desert of Cholistan at a distance of 18 kilometers south-east from Rahim Yar Khan.  It has large and spacious buildings having two separate portions for ladies and gentlemen. Each portion contains rooms and chambers. There are beautiful lawns in it having different beds of flowers along the well-shaped roads. Many domestic birds like peacocks are also kept there. Sultan of Abu Dhabi visits this district for hunting and stays in this palace.

noor mahal raat ka manzar noor mahal raat ka manzar
photo by: hafeez abbasi
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Faisalabad
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The city of Faisalabad is not more than a century old. Just hundred years back this region was the center of keeping livestock. This city was irrigated in 1892 when Jhang & Gogera branches were supplied water. The foundation of first ever-residential area was laid in 1895. Its main purpose was the construction of a market. During those days, the area across the river Chenab was called “Sandal Bar”. Before the establishment of Lyallpur City the ancient residential area was called “Pakka Marri” now known as “Pakki Marri”. The caravans used to stay at this place while traveling from Jhang to Lahore. The English travellers of those times wanted to convert this area into a city. In the beginning the small establishment was called “Chenab Canal Colony” which was later named “Lyallpur” after the name of Governor of Punjab Lt. General Sir James B Lyall. The foundation of Lyallpur was laid in 1896. Its famous clock tower was built on a well. It was completed in 1906. The construction of this clock tower was completed under the supervision of Ghulab Khan who belonged to the family who built Taj Mahal in Agra. The clock was brought from Bombay. It is believed that the clock tower was built in the memory of Queen Victoria after her death. By the time this tower was built the eight bazaars were already operational. The map of Faisalabad is just the copy of British flag Union jack designed by an architect Desmond Yong. However, the real design on which this city is planned was of Sir Ganga Ram, who was a famous town planner of his time. The total area of 110 sq. acres was used to build eight bazaars & clock tower in a round shape. All these eight bazaars are connected with each other through another bazaar, which is called Goal Bazaar.

Historical Background Before Independence  

1-     The city of Lyallpur , multicolored jewel of the lower Chenab organization area, came into being in 1880.

2-     The city which is now well known as "Manchester of Pakistan" for its industrial activity, was nothing but a desolate tract of land 100 years age. It did not rain here for weeks together and when it rained, the water vanished in the city land in no time. There was no village nearby.

3-     The villages of Dodiwala and Paokianwala which shelter thousands of inhabitants these days, were nothing but a group of a few cottages.

4-     Pucca Mari was place of rest for those who traveled from district Jhang to District Lahore.

5-     It was in 1885 that the Deputy Commissioner Jhang, on his way to Lahore,broke his journey near the Theh of Pucca Mari'. The Deputy Commissioner after resting for a while set out for walk, along with the Tehsildar of Chiniot, towards the west and returned quite late in the evening. He spent the night and rode for Lahore on the next day morning.

6-     After about 6 months, there dawned a morning when the Then of Pucca Mari saw some government officials pitching tents and making other camping arrangements. In the evening, there arrived the caravan of Deputy Commissioner, the Colony Assistant of Jhang and their subordinate officials. All the barren and desolate tract of land situated to the west of Pucca Mari was surveyed and marked here and there in three days. In the beginning, there was only a few huts and cottages nestled beside the Theh of Pucca Mari.

7-     Later with the construction of Chenab canal, more and more people were attracted. The proper city was founded in 1892.The Tehsildar of Chiniot, recommended to name this township after PuccaMar but the Deputy Commissioner Jhang prevailed upon him at the name of the then Lt. Governor of the Punjab, Sir James Lyall, who let it be named after him. The famous Philanthropist, Sir Ganga Ram was assigned to draft its plan. After approval of draft Sir Ganga Ram was given five squares of lane as reward.

8-     In 1895, the rail link between Wazirabad and Lyallpur was effected. The building of Railway Station wanted time, therefore, a Goods train wagon served as Lyallpur Railway Station. Lyallpur was given the status of Tehsil of District Jhang and its administration carried on the tents on the old Theh (Mound) of Pucca Mari near Tariqabad.

9-     The Majestic Clock Tower of Lyallpur was constructed out of the funds raised by the Zamindars who collected it at a rate of Rs. 18 per square of land. The fund thus raised was handed over to the Municipal Committee which got it completed.

10-    In 1902, the population of the town had exceeded 4,000.

11-    In 1903, decision to have an agricultural college was made. In the very next year, 1904, the new district of Lyallpur was constituted comparing of Tehsils of Lyallpur, Samundri and Toba-Tek-Singh with a subtehsil at Jaranwala which later turned into a full fledged Tehsil.

12-    In 1906, the District Headquarters began to function at Lyallpur and all the bazars and mohallas within the bounds of circular road were nearing completion and city began to spread outside the circular road.

13-    The Town Committee which has come into being in 1904, was upgraded as Municipal Committee in 1909 and Deputy Commissioner was declared to be the lst Chairman.In 1916, the grain market saw its shops surging with customers. In the same year the civil Hospital was expanded.

14-    With the advent of the world war II, the political awakening sprinkled its influence over the city. Revolutionary meetings were held. Fiery speeches were made. slogans were written on the walls.

15-    In 1943, the late Quaid-e-Azam came to Lyallpur and addressed a gathering of over 2 lakh in Dhobi Ghat Grounds.

Historical Background After Independence

1-     After the independence, the city of Lyallpur marched rapidly on the path of progress.

2-     The city which had so far been known for its grain market, became a great commercial and industrial centre.

3-     The population of the city which in 1901 hardly touched the figure of a few thousands soared up to lacks. Medical and educational level was lifted up.

4-     In 1977, the name of the city was changed to Faisalabad, after the name of the late king of Saudi Arabia, Shah Faisal-bin-Abdul Aziz.

5-     In 1985, the city was upgraded as a division with the districts of Faisalabad, Jhang and Toba-Tek Singh.

6-           Faisalabad district has made rapid strides in the field of industry after independence. It is now called the "Manchester of Asia" for its extensive development of textile industry

Communication: The district is connected by following railway lines.

Faisalabad-Gojra-Shorkot-Khanewal Railway Line, Faisalabad-Chak Jhumra-Sheikhupura-Lahore Railway Line, Faisalabad-Chak Jhumra-Sargodha Railway Line, Lahore-Jaranwala-Shorkot Railway Line.  

The Faisalabad International Airport is situated at 10 km away from city centre of Faisalabad on Jhang Road. It is not as large as the other airports in Pakistan, as it operates to cater mainly to the population of Faisalabad

Motorway: Faisalabad-Pindi Bhatian Motorway (M3), Faisalabad-Multan Motorway (M4) (Under Construction),  Faisalabad-Karachi Motorway (Under Construction)  

Provincial Highways: GT Road   (Lahore - Sheikhupura - Faisalabad),  Sheikhupura Road,  Jhang Road,  Srgodha Road,  Samundri Road, Satyana Road, Jaranwala road, Risala Road.

Famous Roads in the City: Millat Road, Barnala Road, Jail Road, Narwala Road, Circular Road, Susan Road, Nishter Road, Allama Iqbal Road, Bilal Road, Mullan Road, Fatima Jinnah Road, Quaid-e-Azam Road, Canal Road, Race Course Road, Noor Poor Road,

Distance from other Cities Chiniot:  47 KM,  Toba Tek Singh, 77 Km,  Hafizabad: 94 KM,  Sargodha: 90 KM,  Lahore: 143 KM,  Wazirabad: 155 KM, Sialkot: 200 KM, Jehlum: 251 KM,  Khanewal: 170 KM,  Multan: 237 KM,  Bahawalpur: 273 KM, D.I.Khan: 270 KM,  New Mirpur: 295 KM,  Islamabad: 372 KM,  Muree: 420 KM, Abbotabad: 475 KM,  Muzaffarabad: 496 Km,  Kohat:  538 Km,  Peshawar: 526 KM, Saidu: 601 KM,  Chitral: 737 KM,  Gilgit: 901 KM,  Sukkur: 691 KM,  Larkana:795 KM, Hyderabad: 1006 KM, Thatta: 1104 KM,  Karachi: 1182 KM,  Quetta: 1096 KM,      Bela: 1363 KM,  Turbat: 1777 KM

ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS: In 2005, Faisalabad has been upgraded to City District Government and the district has been divided into eight towns.

Chak Jhumra Town (28 Union Councils), Jaranwala Town (57 Union Councils), Tandlianwala Town   (28 Union Councils), Samundari Town (28 Union Councils),   Iqbal Town (43 Union Councils), Madina Town   (41 Union Councils),                  Jinnah Town (38 Union Councils), Lyallpur Town (39 Union Councils)

Software Development Companies in Faisalabad:

www.bazish.net is a Reliable source for software development, web development, graphic designing, web hosting and Search engine optimization in Faisalabad pakistan.

 

ABDULLAHPUR ABSHAAR ABDULLAHPUR ABSHAAR
photo by: SYED ABID HUSSAIN SHAH
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Nushki
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This is a far away city of Pakistan on the Durand line between Pakistan and Afghanistan. It's on the R.C.D. road (regional cooperation development, a treaty between Pakistan, Iran and Turkey) in the south west province (Balochistan) of Pakistan. It is a city who has both mountain and deserts on opposite sides of it. Noshki name came after its nine flour Chukees on it jo (canal). This city's major population is  Baloch. The common language spoken here is Brahvi and Rakhshani (the sweet Balochi). The majority of the population depends upon animals and live a nomadic life. Camel and pickup trucks are popular sources of transportation, but buses and wagons are also available as a mode of journey. The three main tribes are Badini, Jamaldini, and Mengal. The city is also known as Noshkay  in local languages. There are also two beautiful lakes, namely Zangi-Nawar and Khanowal. Both are natural and are among the deserts and well known for praying places.
Sadiqabad
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Sadikabad ( Urdu : صادق آباد ) is a city in Punjab , Pakistan .  

Geography.  

The most prominent Tehsil of Rahimyar Khan District is named after Amīr Sadeq Mohammad Khan V of Bahawalpur State . The new city was inaugurated in 1948 . The geographical coordinates of Sadikabad are 28° 18' 0" North, 70° 8' 0" East. Sadikabad is the Tehsil headquarters; located on the main railway road and KLP road . It is the last city of Punjab province while traveling from Lahore to Karachi by rail or road . This Tehsil stands as transitional area between the two provinces where Sindi and Punjabi cultures survive together, along with the tamest of Sindhi culture on its western boundary Ghotki District of Sindh and on its northern side Rajanpur District of Punjab. The Indian border is about 25 km on the southern side of Sadikabad. To the east of Sadikabad is Tehsil Rahimyar Khan . Sadikabad is the largest Tehsil of the district, measuring 865¼ square miles (2249 km²). Its boundary starts from the middle of Dandy and Reti railway stations. Extending beyond Adam Sahaba, in length and breadth the Tehsil is about 50 km by 50 km. A beautiful canal flows in the middle of the city.  

Demographics
 

The Tehsil population is 760,769. The most influential political families of tehsil are(Dr Ahmed Hassan Kamal) Rais , Makhdoom , Leghari and . Makhdoom Ghulam Miran Shah, Makhdoomzada Hassan Mahmood, Makhdoom Ahmad Mehmood (ex Distt Nazim )and Makdoom Ali Akbarare the member of Makdoom family. and . Sardar Afzal Khan Leghari (revenue Minister in ex Bahwalpur State Government during 1950s), Sardar Ajmal Khan Leghari and Sardar Rafiq Haider Khan Leghari (Now Distt Nazim & ex Excise and Taxation Minister) are Legharies .Sardar Jam Muhammad Nawaz Jhullan(jamaluddin wali). Rais Muhammad Akmal Warind(present Naib Nazim of Tehsil Sadiqabad,Hamid Waheed Warind ( Provincial Assembly of the Punjab) belongs to Warind Family.  Chaudry Muhammad Sharif, Chaudry Shaukat Dawood (Ex Revenue Minister), Chaudry Muhammad Shafiq (MPA), Rana Tariq Mehmood and Rana Fateh Mohammed family are the member of difirent punjabi speaking families and above three (Makhdoom Family, Rais Family, Leghari Family) families and Aziz Aslam Shaikh are Saraiki speaking. While as Meer Family is purely urdu speaking.


**********updated on 16/06/2010 by a Nassar a visitor to Sadiqabad************

From a outside person, Sadiqabad is seen as a town that is behind in growth. Compared with major cities in Pakistan, Sadiqabad struggles with education and alot of the older generation were not blessed with an education. I feel because of not having an education and means of bettering yourselves Sadiqabad does have alot of hostility as people only know one way of communicating when things go wrong and that is through violence.

Like most places in Pakistan, Sadiqabad also has mixed classes of people where the rich are very rich but the poor are very poor and the poor get no help from the local goverment.

On my last visit to sadiqabad, I found main roads still cracked and broken in the same locations where they had been a few years ago. This may prove that the local goverment is taking and spending all money on themselves rather than on inprovements to the town.

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Learned Personalities:

  Sadiqabad is blessed with many learened scholars including educationists and poets. Some of the noted icons are as under:

Bakht Faqeer ,

It is the land which is proud of Bakht Faqeer, a noted sufi poet of Seraiki with no parallel.

Tauqeer Hussain Tauqeer,

The time and the historian of the days to come would evaluate the poetic work of Tauqeer Hussain Tauqeer who died in his prime age. His book KHAWHISHON SAY NAMOO NA CHHIN JAEY was published after his demise.

Gauher Malsiani,

An educationist, prose writer columnist and poet of Naat and Ghazel, Gauher has written many books in Poetry and prose.

Saghir Ahmad Saghir,

Educationist, columnist and legand among poets, Saghir Ahmad Saghir represents the young scientists also. His book of poetry BHULA NA DAINA (do not forget ) has won wonders among the critics of his age.  


FAROOQ SHEHZAD,

journalist,poet and columnist,general secretary BAZAM E DIANAT ADABI FOURAM.Majls e Iqbal.

Famous Families.  

There are so many famous families in Sadiq abad.   

Warind Family:

Warind family is well known as rais family thay have six big village around and in the sadiqabad city Sardar Rais Muhammad Nawaz Warind (late) was the patron of warind family Rais Muhammad Akmal Warind is the present Naib Nazim of tehsil Sadiqabad. Except that more famous personalities are Haji Muhammad Bax Warind (basti warindan) Rais Wasim & Rais Shoaib Warind (basti Masoorian) Rais Asghar Warind who is the present Nazim of Union Councel Sadiqabad deh. Rais Abdul Qadir Warind Advocate(finance secretary PML(F) sadiqabad tehsil. Abid Waheed  Warind(Basti moran).

There are six villages of Warind family in Sadiqabad. They are: Basti Moran, Basti Chandrami, tibbi wighawar, Masoorian, Goth joorha, and Basti warindan.   


Rana Family - Raj Poot.

Hajee Rana Fateh Mohammed
was a property tycoon who also lived with his family in the UK. Born in Julandar, India he moved to Pakistan during the birth of Pakistan and settled in Sadiqabad where he was married to Nizera Begum Rana. Still to this day the Rana family  have vast amounts of land in Sadiqabad. Other property will include Rana House and Rana Market which is loacated on the naar near the most famous Eman Bargra. Sadly Hajee Rana Fateh Mohammed passed away on 11th July 2006,but he will always be remembered by his family and friends.

Makhdoom Family.
  Makhdoom-ul-Mulk Syed Ghulam Miran Shah was the one of them. His son Mukhdoom Syed Hassan Mehmood was a well known politician in Pakistan . Now his son Makhdoom Syed Ali Akbar Mehmood is also a well known politician of Punjab . He was also a Provincial Minister and District Nazim. Makhdoom Family is playing a vital rule in the politics of Southern Punjab and Pakistan .  

Rais Ghazi Family.
 

They are also one of the most well known family of this area. Rais Muhammad Ghazi was the founder of this family. His sons Rais Shabbir Ahmed and Rais Wazeer Ahmed were Ministers in Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto’s cabinet. He is also a well know personalitiy of the area. The family members of Rais Ghazi are playing vital role in the politics of the country. The international fame and The Agha Khan Prize winner “BHONG MOSUE” was built by Rais Ghazi.  

Leghari Family. 
 
Sardar Muhammad Ajmal Khan Leghari was one of the most popular figure of the area. Now, Sardar rafique Hyder Khan Leghari is the Nazim of District Rahim Yar Khan.

Meer Family of Sadiq Abad District Rahim Yar Khan.

Meer Syed Muhammad Yaseen Esq. was a Land Lord of Sadiq Abad and migrated from Meerut , India . He had settled Sadiq Abad in the early 20th Century. He was a government servant in India . His 1st wife along with children was died in the great earthquake of Kangra, Kashmeer , India in 1905. Only he along with his son Meer Syed Abid Hussain Esq. was alive. Then he settled to Sadiq Abad and purchased a lot of land there. Sadiq Abad had just established. He also selected a piece of high land (Tibbah) for his residence. He also purchased big piece of land and made a grand Havelly along with two outer portions called Dairah.
 

Meer Sahib made also two marriages. His 1st wife along with children was died in the 1905’s earthquake of Kangra, Kashmeer , India . Only one son Meer Syed Abid Hussain Esq. was alive. After death of 1st wife, he made a 2nd marriage. From this marriage, he had 3 sons and 3 daughters. His 2nd eldest son Meer Syed Muhammad Ahmed Esq. was a land lord. He was one of the most noble and gentle persons of that area. He was died in 1989 at an age of 79 years. His 3rd son Meer Syed Mehmood Ahmed was also a land lord. He died in 2005 at an age of 95 years. His 4th son Meer Syed Muhammad Ahmed Ullah Esq. was also land lord of this area. He also had a business in Grain Market (Ghallah Mandi), Sadiq Abad. He was died in 1998.

Moreover, Meer Sahib had 3 daughters. His elder son-in-law was Meer Syed Muhammad Tassadaq Hussain Shah Esq. was the Police Inspector and famous from his designation as "Kaptan Sahib". He was died in 1953 at an age of 55 years at Bahawal Pur. His 2nd son-in-law was Meer Syed Sabir Ali Qadri Esq. and he was Superintendent of Bahawal Pur High Court. He was died in 1989 at Sadiq Abad. His 3rd son-in-law was Meer Syed Muhammad Naseer-ud-Din Esq. from Chichawatni. He was a land lord there. He died in 1984.

Meer Syed Muhammad Yaseen Esqr (Late) was the founder of the family. He has migrated from Meerut , India in last 19th century. His elder son Meer Syed Abid Hussain Esqr was one of the most well know figure of this are. After his death, Meer Syed Zahid Hussain Esqr played a vital role in the politics of this area. He was one of the most important partner of Mohtarmah Fatima Jinnah against Ayub Khan’s election. Now his son Meer Fazal Ellahi Fazli is in the politics of this area. He is also right hand od Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi’s National Peoples Party. Other famous figures of Meer Family are Meer Syed Akhter Hussain Bokhari Esqr, Meer Syed Mazhar Hussain Bokhari Esqr, Meer Syed Arif Hussain, Meer Syed Khalid Shahzad, Meer Syed Tehseen Ahmed, Meer Syed Muhammad Asif, Meer Syed Mansoor Akhter Bokhari, Meer Syed Haroon Hussain Bokhari, Meer Syed Masood Ahmed, Meer Syed Mehboob Ahmed, Meer Syed Ahmed Salman Bokhari, Syed Ahmed Bilal Bokhari etc.

Meer Family in Education in Sadiq Abad.

As for the educational facilities are concerned, the city of Sadiq Abad is not lagging behind. There is one Government Degree College for boys and one Government Degree College for Girls and many high and low level schools in the city, besides private schools in almost every street. Prof. Meer Syed Muhammad Sarwar Zaidi was the 1st Principal of Govt. College for Boys and Late Prof. Syedah Tahirah Zaidi was the 1st Principal of Govt College fro Women. The contribution of Meer family in the education of the city is remarkable.

A Government Commercial Training Institute for Boys and one Vocational Institute for Girls are also established in the city. Prof. Meer Syed Tehseen Ahmed is the Principal of this college for the last more then 10 years.
 

Main Businesses of Meer Family in Sadiq Abad.
 

Basically, Meer Family is a Land Lord family of this area. But there are some dignities of the family which have their own businesses which are as hereunder;-
 

1.      Syed Brothers Roller Flour Mills Pvt. Ltd.

2.      Telenor Franchised.

3.       Pak English Grammar High School.


Agriculture
 

Sadikabad is very rich in agriculture . It is a fertile area, which produces large quantity of best cotton , wheat and sugar cane besides many other less significant crops . A large number of gardens of Mangoes and Kinos are also here. The mango of Sadikabad is very famous for its smell and taste. The area of "Manthar" in Sadikabad is very famous for its fertility and every year it gives a record production of wheat and cotton.  

Industry  

Sadikabad is one of those cities of Pakistan which progresses day by day in the field of industry. The biggest industrial unit in city is Fauji Fertilizer Company, which is also the largest fertilizer unit in the country. There is a big unit of textile mills in city, besides many small looms that are also there. In the field of medicine, Sharex Laoratories plays a vital role by manufacturing quality medicine. A high quality milk named Sheer Pak is provided to whole country from Sadikabad. A newly built industry for the assembling of motorcycles has started its production. There are about 56 cotton ginning factories and over 100 oil mills in Sadikabad. There are 30 floor mills in Sadikabad. A number of soap factories are there. There are nearly 15 marble factories. There are three cold storages for the storage of fruits. As Sadikabad is situated in a hot area, therefore, more than 60 ice factories are working in city. The extent of sugar production can be guessed from the fact that there are two sugar mills in this Tehsil, namely Jamal Din Wali Sugar Mills and United Sugar Mills in Walhar. Fatima Ferilizer Company has started to build its units in Sadikabad. It will be the largest fertilizer unit of South Asia .  

Famous Sights.
 

Bagh-i.Bahisht. (The Garden of Heaven ).


It is one of the most beautiful and biggest gardens of this area. It is 5 km far from SADIQ Abad. Its 1 st owner was Meer Syed Abid Hussain Esq. who had built this garden. The garden consists upon more than 75 acrs. After his death, his only son MEER SYED Zahid Hussain Esq. reconstructed it with his full zeal and zest and brought the each and every plant from all over the world and made it the beautiful lest one of this area. After his death in 2003, his only son Meer Syed Fazal Ellahi Fazli is maintaining it with the same spirit of his father and grandfather and still improving. This garden is, although, the private but also open for the public at prescribed hours and days.  

Meer Zahid Hussain Library.
 

Late Meer Syed Zahid Hussain Esq. made a very good and the biggest personal library of this area which has very antique collection of books on each and every topic. Some books including Quran Shareef are very very old and hand written scripts which are very prestigious back ground. Now, his only son Meer Syed Fazal Ellahi Fazli is maintaining this library. This library is also open for public.  

Bhong Mosque
 

This tehsil has got various attractive features for tourists . In Bhong, a town of this Tehsil, a beautiful mosque built by Rais Ghazi is a source of attraction and inspiration for tourists. This Mosque is the only building in Pakistan which received "The Agha Khan Architectural Award”.  

Fauji Fertilizer Factor,y Machi Goth.

This factory is 5 km far from SADIQ Abad and one of the biggest fertilizer factories in Pkaitsn . It is property by Fauji Foundation. This foundation serve for ex-army persons. FFC was incorporated in 1978 as a private limited company. This was a joint venture between Fauji Foundation (a leading charitable trust in Pakistan) and Haldor Topsoe A/S of Denmark.

Cholistan desert  

Huge sand dunes in Cholistan belt are also worth seeing. They appear as human forms from a distance. As the city is connected with desert area, dust is a marked feature of it. This dust is a big source of the diseases of eyes, nose, throat and lungs for the poeople of Sadikabad.  

Social life
 

Most of people of this city are Punjabi and Siraiki speaking. But many others are also living in this area. Pathan, Balochi and Urdu-speaking families are not less in number. The city has a cool and calm atmosphere. People are co-operative and are willing to live peacefully. There are no evident linguistic or caste-related prejudices. Sadikabad has nearly all the facilities of a small town, but compared with its division city, Bahawal Pur, it is a bit expensive city. Everyday commodities as well as items of luxury are more costly than in some other big or small cities. One very important problem for the citizens of this city is lack of potable water. Underground water is salty and cannot be used for drinking or washing. Therefore, water is brought from nearby town Ahmad Pur Lamma. There are two big libraries in Sadikabad: Municipal Library and Jinnah Library. Recently a newly built auditorium was named Makhdoom Ahmed Mahmood auditorium. Another problem is the dearth of children and family parks in the city. There is no place in the city where families can be relax and revive their spirits. The construction of a sports complex named Ghazi Sports Complex has completed. Certainly it will provide much room to the youth of the city to play different games.  

Education  

As for the educational facilities are concerned, the city of Sadiqabad is not lagging behind. There is one Government Degree College for boys and one Government Degree College for Girls and many high and low level schools in the city, besides private schools in almost every street. Prof. Meer Syed Muhammad Sarwar Zaidi was the 1st Principal of Govt. College for Boys and Late Prof. Syedah Tahirah Zaidi was the 1st Principal of Govt College for Women. There are three private colleges for girls and three for boys. There are many Arabic teaching and Hifz-e Quran institutions and mosque madrassalis in Sadiqabad. The modern education and use of computers is also struggling for its establishment in Sadiqabad. There are many computer institutes in the city of Sadiqabad.

A Government Commercial Training Institute for Boys and one Vocational Institute for Girls are also established in the city. Prof. Meer Syed Tehseen Ahmed is the Principal of this college for the last more then 10 years. Another important private institute in the field of technical education is Basheer Engineering College. A government technical college is also there. But the quality education is presented by Bismillah Higher Secondary School,Pak Grammer school, MTB Higher Secondary School, FFC Grammar Colleges and Schools, as well as Beacon House School Systems. The Pioneer of Quality Education in Private Sector in Sadiqabad was Iqra Public School found in 1980s that has now become a Degree College having Four Campusses for Girls and Boys and classes from Nursery to Masters Level in many disciplines. Ajmal Bagh College is also located at Sadiqabad.

It can be asserted that this small city is progressing by leaps and bounds in the sphere of education as in every university and in every professional college we find the students of Sadiqabad. In Bahawal Pur Board, most of the top positions are taken by brilliant students of the city.

The famous names in the sphere of education are Javeed Iqbal, Sher Afgan Shehzad, Muhammad Mazammil, Sheikh Masood, Kashif Qadeer Mukhtar Ahmed Shakir, M D Johar, Ahmed Nadeem Faiz, Mian Saleem Ahmed, Mohammad Tehseen, Gohar Malsyani, Ghulam Ali, Saboor Ahmad, Jaffar Ali, Siraj Rehmani, Mohammad Amin Bajwa,Ch. Muhammad Safdar Amin, Ch. Hameed Ahsan, Hafeez Ahmad Choudhry, Sajid Rehmani and Shahzad Qadir, M.D.Zafar. Sadiqabad is also well known and famous due to its religious Islamic educational center Sadiq Markaz in Jinnah Town. Many Muslims scholars and students teaches and learns from here. They teaches Tabligh teachings. From there, many people go to many different parts of world for preaching and spreading Islam. Sadiqabad is a peaceful religious city bit modern but no rapes, no bad behaving people. Honest and kind religious people almost.

Transportation  
In the field of transport , the city of Sadikabad is very prominent due to the fact that it has got double story railway station for the stops of almost all express trains , which is unique. As for the road transport, air-conditioned and non-air conditioned buses and coaches connect the city with all the major cities of Pakistan . Now the Korean company Daewoo has also started bus service from Sadikabad to nearly all major cities of Pakistan . The smaller town of the Tehsil is also connected to the network of roads providing travelling facilities for twenty-four hours. Air Port is just on the drive of 15 minutes from the city. From first Time in history of Pakistan Passenger Car Service Started From Sadikabad to Karachi .  

Sweets
 

Sadikabad is famous for its delicious sweets which are liked all over the country. Sweets of Sadikabad have a unique taste and fragrance which cannot be found in any other place. Sweets like Sohan Halwa, Rustam Barfi, Qalaqand, Bangali Rus Gullay. Gajraila, Doodh Maisoo, Gulab Jaman, Namak Paray, Shakar Paray and Jaleebi are the speciality of this city. The famous centres for the preparation of sweets are Café Sajawal and Tariq Sweets. Tariq Sweets are also presenting delicious ice cream which is becoming popular with residents of the city. A big name in sweets is Kafi Sajawal. 

Mandis
 

Sadikabad is very famous for manufacturer of beautiful wooden furniture. There are three Mandis (Markets) in city 1-Grain Mandi 2-Fruit Mandi 3-wood Mandi. It is an important business centre where in the past regular yearly "Mandi" was held for the improvement of business trends. Even at present Grain Mandi is no less important. Besides Fruit, Mandi of Sadiqābād is among the one of biggest in Pakistan .  

Neighbouring Areas
 

Besides Sadikabad, the other smaller towns and places are Adam Sahaba , Chandrami , Ahmed Pur Lama , Bangla Acha , Bangla Manthar , Bangla Tillu , Roshan Bhait , Bhong , Jamal Din Wali , Kot Sabzal , Rahimabad , Walhar , Machi Goth , Walana, SanjarPur and Dari.

Walhar In local language it is wal har (again defeated) as the history at this location kalohra tribes was defeated at this location two time form abasies. Almost 6000 registered voter in this union consul. Terhaily Family is most prominent in this area while education level is very low due to unavailability of proper educational facilities even these conditions most of new generation is very highly educated mostly economical dependence is on agriculture while many of educated persons are serving in Pakistan Army, Navy, Education, and industries.


Rahimabad  

Rahimabad is a small town about 25 kilometers west of Sadikabad. It was founded by Leghari Sardars; sons of Sardar Mohammad Rahim Khan Leghari, Leghari Sardar and Tumandar, around 1860 AD. [1] Sardar Noor Mohammad Khan Leghari (1860-1945) was the architect behind the development of Rahimabad and the rise to prominence of the Leghari family in the area. .

Asim Net Cafe Near Chen Bakers Asim Net Cafe Near Chen Bakers
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Abbottabad
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Abbottabad is the most exquisite major city of Pakistan not far from Islamabad. It is north-west of Islamabad just 65 miles away on a beautful road that leads to Muzaffarabad, capital of the Pakistani controlled Kashmir (Azad Kashmir), the Kaghan Valley, Gilgit, Skardu and China. This city is at the begining of the world famous "Silk Route", that is now considerd as a living wonder of the world. This road ultimately leads to mountains like the K2, Nanga Parbat and many other world's highest mountains that are more than 8,000 metres above the sea level.

Abbottabad is also home to the Pakistan Miltary Academy (PMA), Kakool. So be aware that there is a large military presence in the town.

Evergreen Abbotabad has a cooler weather in the summer and snowfall in the winter. A lot of fresh water springs and surrounding snow top mountains.

Abbottabad is also known as city of schools and colleges there are 33 medical colleges in pakistan while 5 of them are in abbottabad it is a beautifull city.

Its lovely to go up to the top of Shimla Pahari and look down upon Abbottabad and hear the sounds of the town wafting upwards. 

Abbottabad as Gateway to Silk Route.

Abbottabad is a small neat and clean town in a spacious valley surrounded by green hills. It is a popular summer resort, located at the end of Murree-Abbottabad hill tract at a height of 1,220 meters, noted for its verdant parks, gardens, golf course and pine covered hills. Abbottabad, apart from being famous for its educational institutions and Military Academy, also serves as the gateway to most beautiful places in Pakistan.

Abbottabad is the gateway to the formidable Karakorams, the enchanting Himalayas and the deadly Hindukush. The great Karakurram Highway passes right through the heart of the city. Due to that, Abbottabad continues to be a transit city for tourists. Abbottabad is the junction from where one can go to places like Hunza, Gilgit, Skardu and Indus Kohistan, of the Karakoram Range. One can reach Swat, Swati Kohistan, Dir and Chitral of the Hindukush Range. One can approach Naran, Saif-ul-Muluk Lake, Shogran and Babusar Pass of the Himalayan Range. Neelum, Lipa and Jhelum Valley of beautiful Azad Kashmir are also connected through Abbottabad.

While other hill stations are deserted during winter this place has visitors due to the bracing winter. The place has beautiful gardens, Jinnah Garden, Ladies Garden and another garden maintained by the Cantonment Board. To the splendid stretch of turf with plenty of room for polo, football, hockey and golf. At the back of the station, to the West, is the Brigade Center, ideal for walks and picnic. The Cantonment area of Abbottabad is still very British. The European bungalows, the club, the church and cemetery are still there. Abbottabad is an hour's drive from Nathiagali, the summer capital of the North West Frontier Province, emerging steeply through beautiful valleys with trees right to the riverbed.

Nature Tourism Services

Nature Tourism Services was established in year 1997. Nature Tourism Services are licensed tour operators and are approved by the Department of Tourist Services, Government of Pakistan.Provide services like, package tours, hotel bookings, transport arrangements, event management, seminars and conference arrangement

 

Ayubia Chair Lifts.

A cluster of four small hill stations of Khanaspur, Khairagali, Changlagali and Ghora Dhaka is called Ayubia and was named after former President Ayub Khan. The complex is spread over an area of 26 KM. The central place of Ghora Dhaka has Chair Lifts, which gives a panoramic and mesmerizing view of the surrounding. Ayubia is 38 KM from Abbottabad.

Dungagali.

Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2,376 meters.). It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. From Dungagali one can climb the 2,813 meters peak of Mukhshpuri, which is the highest point in the range. Natural springs abound on the slopes. It is 34 KM from Abbottabad.

Nathiagali.

Nathiagali is clad in pine, walnut, oak and maple trees, is the prettiest hill resort in the Galliat region. It can be approached both from Murree and Abbottabad. It is 32 KM from Abbottabad as well as from Murree. Nathiagali is 2501 meter above sea level and is surrounded by lush green lofty mountains. Breathtaking landscapes, spring water and fresh air make it one of the most peaceful hill stations in Pakistan.

Thandiani.

Thandiani means “cold” in the local language. Therefore being a cool place it got the name of “Thandiani”. It is 2,700 meters above sea level on a small plateau surrounded by pine forests. This beautiful spot can easily be approached from Abbottabad, and is 31 KM from main Abbottabad City and 25 KM from Thandiani-Nathiagali crossing. The drive takes more or less 80 minutes from Abbottabad with lovely views on both sides of the road. The road rises more than 1,219 meters above Abbottabad. On the way along with tall majestic pine trees you come across groups of monkeys. The major place on the way is Kalapani at 23 KM from Abbottabad. It has a beautiful local Dak bungalow. Hule Ka Danna is about two KM North of Thandiani. It is one of the most beautiful glades in the region.

Thandiani offers lush green lovely views. At night the lights of Abbottabad District and Azad Kashmir are clearly visible. To the East beyond the Kunhar River, may be seen the snow covered mountain ranges of Kashmir, to the North and NorthEast, the mountains of Kohistan and Kaghan are sighted, to the NorthWest are the snowy ranges of Swat and Chitral.

BEAUTIFUL RESTURANT , MOTEL RESORT BEAUTIFUL RESTURANT , MOTEL RESORT
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Bhera
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Bhera is historical town of Punjab in district Sargodha. Bhera is located on the mid of Lahore-Islamabad Motorway (M2) at the left bank of river Jehlum near Southern Salt Range in District Sargodha. Before independence 1947, it was located in District Shahpur. Same as Lahore it has eight gates, which surrounds the whole city. Many historical places in which Sher Shah Suri mosque and khoti Al jameel are most famous. The mosque was made by Sher Shah Suri the founder of general trank road (GT Road) and khoti Al Jameel is also known as khoti Babu Usman which has a beautiful rear garden and great interior designing.Bhera city is the same design as inner Lahore city. Alexander the great passed near to Bhera.

Bhera's speciality in foods are phenia (fine spagetti in milk), patisa (sweets) wariya (dried lentil's with mixed spices) and mendhi (henna).

Old Hindu Temple Old Hindu Temple
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Mattani
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Mattani pronunced as Mathanni is situated at Kohat road Peshawar. Mattani is the last village of Peshawar Division at Kohat road. Mattani has got an important Geo-physical, Social and economical position among the towns aroybd Pesawar even NWFP. The world famous Tribal areas of Dara Adam Khel, Khyber Agency i.e. old Baara and the FR Peshwar areas are situated around Mattani with as little as Two Kilometrs and as much as 29 kilometers.

Due to this geogarphical importance Mattani is cosidered the centre for all the Social, economical and commercial activiteis of this area called Tappa-Mumand and it is the shopping hub of frontier regions like Sherkera, Adezai, Jaani-Garee, Darra Adam Khel, Qilla Khel, Pasani, Maryaam Zai, Aka khel Baara and Zangalee etc.

azakheil dam sherkera azakheil dam sherkera
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Sheikhpur Kuhna
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Sheikhpur Kuhna is situated 2 Km from famous City of Bhera. It is ususally called Hakima Wala. A well known Hakim Shah Muhammad belong to it. There is also a Darbar where people come for a treatment which is still not understood by Medical Scince. In it a cut is given on the leg of person to flow blood. These Hakims are basically Hairdreser which after becoming famous are know as Miana and now Waraich.
Taxila
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Taxila   is an archaeological site, located in the Punjab province of Pakistan , about 15 miles west of the Islamabad Capital Territory and Rawalpindi   , on the border of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province and just off the Grand Trunk Road. Its coordinates are 33.76° N 72.84° E.

Taxila is a very ancient city once has the best unversities of the world where the great Sanskrit Professor Panini wrote the grammer of sanskrit and established the roots of linguistics. Taxila is still a very famous city has a very sophisticated Engineering University  and many state of the art technical installations high tech equpments like Al-Khaled Tanks are manufactured and is one the centre of Islambad/Rawapindi and Wah. A slightly moderate climate than Islamabad. It is still famous of its handicrafts as it used to be about two thousand years ago.

Taxila (then called taksh-shila) was an ancient Hindu and Buddhist seat of learning, connected across the Khunjerab pass to the Silk Road , attracting students from all over the world. Ancient Takshashila was renowned all over the Buddhist world as home to the world's first university ( Takshashila University ). It flourished during the first-fifth centuries AD (see Gandhara). Located at the junction of three major trade routes, it was of considerable economic and strategic importance.

 

Darius I added Taxila to the Achaemid empire (c. 518 BC).

Alexander the Great conquered Taxila in 326 BC and garrisoned the town with Macedonians, but Greek rule ended again in 317 BC.

The Punjab then came under the rule of Chandragupta Maurya and his successors, including his grandson Asoka.

Soon after Asoka's death, Taxila was conquered by the Bactrian Greeks who established a Greek city at the nearby site of Sirkap, and ruled it until about 90 BC.

Next came the Scythians (c. 90 B.C.), the Parthians (c. 19 AD) and the Kushans (c. 78 AD) whose empire was eventually crushed by the White Huns (c. 460).

The British archaeologist Sir John Marshall conducted excavations over a period of twenty years in Taxila (see Sir John Marshall, A Guide to Taxila, Department of Archaeology in Pakistan , Sani Communications, Karachi , 1960).

 

Taxila has been listed by the UNESCO as one of the World Heritage Sites.

Harappa
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Harappa, the type-site of the Indus civilization, is today a large village in the Sahiwal district Punjab, 15 miles southwest of the  town. It overlies and adjoins the mounds of the ancient city, which appear to have had a circuit of not less than 3 miles, though the more emphatic mounds occupy a considerably smaller expanse.

It was the first city that was escavated of Indus Valley Civilization and became the milestone in understanding the life and culture in of the punjab and India somewaht between 3.000 to 1500 years BC. The harrapa and then after Indus valley civilazation made the history of Indus valley much comparable to other ancient civilizations of the world in Mesopotamia (Iraq) and Egypt. Many believe that history of Harappa is not only the history of Indus valley and subsequently of India but a history of mankind and more so history of Asia. Near the ruins of old Harappa there still exists the living town of Harappa where still people are making the pots and jewellery as their ancestors used to use 4,000 years ago.

One can not complete his tour of Pakistan without visiting Harappa in Punjab and Mohenjodaro in Sind.

The site at Harappa was first briefly excavated by Sir Alexander Cunningham in 1872-73; two decades after brick robbers carried off the visible remains of the city. He found an Indus seal of unknown origin. The first extensive excavations at Harappa were started by Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni in 1920. His work and contemporaneous excavations at Mohenjo-daro first brought to the world's attention the existence of the forgotten Indus Valley civilization as the earliest urban culture in the Indian subcontinent.

The main features of the plan, the citadel on the west and the mounds of the ‘lower city’ towards the east and southeast have already been indicated. To the north a slightly hollowed belt containing notably green crops marks an old bed of the River Ravi. Today the river flows 6 miles further north. Between the citadel and the riverbed, Mound F has been found to contain a remarkable and significant piece of town planning; to the south of the citadel lie the outlying hills, the Harappan cemetery and the post Harappan cemetery. To the southeast, sporadic digging has been carried out in Area G, but the ragged Mound E and its surroundings are virtually unexplored.

amount still to be learned about the site, most of which remains unexcavated. The earliest deposits on the site go back to 5300 B.P. and the area seems to have been continuously inhabited ever since. Archaeologists think that ancient Harappa was the urban center dominating the upper Indus region, much like Mohenjo-daro dominated the lower Indus Valley and Ganweriwala might have been the urban center for what is now Rajasthan.

Archaeological evidence is the key to understanding Harappa’s past. Although Harappa continues to be the center of historical debate, further archaeological explanations may some day reveal the validity or inaccuracy in the historical accounts of Harappa. Regardless of its impact on written history, archaeology will continue to reveal the way of life for Harappa's inhabitants.

Cholistan
Region
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The Cholistan, or Rohi, Desert in Punjab is the largest desert on the Indian continent. The desert is over 10,000 square miles. Located 20 miles from Bahawalpur, The Hakra River dried up here, and with it most life. The 2.5 million people who live here are nomads who lead a simple life herding and trading in camels. Their culture is strong with many romantic legends dating back to ancient times and they place great value in the power of song. The desert festivals are simply out of this world, you may see camels dancing (except those with two left humps) who are even better dressed in dazzling costumes than their owners. The people of Cholistan wear embroidered and print coloured shirts, skirts and robe coats. During the wet season, the nomads built shallow reservoirs to catch rainwater to survive long spells away from their villages.

Cholistan is changing amazingly. The desert was under perennial regular irrigated cultivation till 1200 B C and under seasonal regular irrigated cultivation till about 600 B C. The area turned into arid and desolate desert with drying up of River Hakra. These days again, the desert is under going a process of profound change because of canal system originating from the River Sutlaj. But one can still find people living in houses made of mud and straw almost as they might have been living 200 years ago. 

The way of life is also about to change. The women folk in drab landscape of desert wearing nath (nosegay), katmala (necklace), kangan (big bangles), pazeb (worn on toes), bright color, and vivid pattern lehngas of 20 yards and high cholis may one day become part of history. Maybe not so in near future! Sofi poet Khawaja Ghulam Farid, who spent 18 years of his life wandering about in Cholistan, admiring its beauty and people wrote, "But what tongue shall tell the glory of it, the perpetual strength of it, and sublimity of its lonely desolation! And who shall paint the splendor of its light." The poet was passionately found of desert milieus that are hard, dry and at first repulsive. His fascination for Cholistan was so rich that his poetry has woven melodious aura all around Rohi -- as the desert is called in a local dialect. He has set the standards for desert wanderers. I can tell you something of what I have seen during my intermittent stay - from 1977 till 2000 - in the desert, but I cannot tell you the grander of the desert, nor the glory of colors that wrap the burning sand. The awesome vistas and richness of the desert are beyond description. Cholistan is a land of legends, myths, velour, romance, folk melodies and regal elegance. 

At the tail of monsoon region, Cholistan stands as if petitioning the sky for rain. It very seldom falls. And whenever the prayers are answered, the water is stored for human being as well as animals in reservoirs known as `kunds'. Average rainfall in the area is 3 to 5 inches a year. Nomadic Holystones are constantly moving in search of water that is scarce, lies very deep, and is brackish. The lack of fresh water for drinking and irrigation controls the lives of the people of the region. A Saraiki poet once wrote, "Men tassel, merry dart tarsi, tee tarsi Rohi jai, melon ankh an pan dryad." It seems as if Cholistan is still mourning for the demise of the River Hacra. Cholistan is one of the fantasy regions for local as well foreign tourists, geologists, historians, archaeologists and naturalists.

Cholistan Desert, covers an area of about 15,000 square kms and extends into the Thar Desert of India. This vast and arid piece of land was once an irrigation land and it was fed by the mighty Hacra River, whose dry bed is now home to the Cholistani people.

The 400 uncovered archaeological sites along the dried up bed of this river is the indication that this area was lived in by many ancient civilisations. Besides the traces of many Stone Age settlements, a series of desert fort has been built to guard the trade route across Cholistan. Most of them have turned into ruins. The best preserved of them all is the majestic Derawar Fort.

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Karakoram Highway
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The Karakoram Highway follows a network of ancient trade routes linking the Silk Road oasis of Kashgar in western China with the Pakistani capital, Islamabad . Along the way it crosses the Khunjerab Pass (4800m, 15,750ft). During the 20 years it digested lives of many workers to push level and blast the present 1300km (800mi) highway through the mountains: over 400 road-builders died.

The souls that paved the way for the modern tarmac road named the Karakoram Highway still seem to flicker amongst the sharp moving shadows of the rocks and the almost countless but crumbly lucent glaciers that constantly embellish its existence. There has always been a long pass into, and out of China over what is sometimes called the 'roof of the world' but in ancient times it was a very perilous pathway.

Starting near Rawalpindi, the bitumen sealed motorway winds through gently rolling, sandy foothills for approximately one hundred and twenty kilometres before intersecting the Indus river. (Called the 'Sind' by the Urdu language speaking Pakistanis) it then twines along the Indus's arc north eastward to within forty kilometres of the town of Gilgit.

Between these two points, (about four hundred kilometres) the road sometimes takes on a 'roller-coaster' aspect as it dips into, and out of the Indus's wide river bed. The final dip is at this forty kilometres point when the road joins the Gilgit river and continues to within twelve kilometres of the town of that name, then swings North, crossing the Gilgit river to join the Hunza river. The town of Gilgit is twelve kilometres off the actual Karakoram highway and is reached by a fairly smoothly laid and slightly inclined tarred road.

Although the Karakoram Highway inclines upwards the whole way to the pass it's not until you get close to Gilgit that you begin to feel as if you are in mountains. Even so, the town is only at one thousand, five hundred meters (approx. five thousand feet) elevation and there is still a feeling of being in desert. The barren, dust laden and tan coloured hills that surround the area give the impression of being made from sand, however, it only takes a ride of a couple of kilometres north from Gilgit for one to get the impression of being in 'real' mountains - very high, and very sheer mountains.

This is not to say that the actual road itself is steep - it's not, it's just that the demarcation between the almost sand dune like foothills, and the seemingly abrupt line of six to eight thousand meters high glacier and snow plaited mountains is almost overpoweringly awesome.

The road then accompanies the Hunza river through these mountains, climbing gently almost all the way to the 4,700 metre high Khunjerab Pass. Only during the last twenty-odd kilometres from the top of the pass will you find short stretches of consistently steep road gradients of six to fourteen degrees. At the top of the pass, two tall memorial stones show that this is the convenient dividing line between political Pakistan, and political China. Both countries respective customs and immigration posts are some kilometres away on their respective sides of the pass. Sust, the Pakistan customs post is ninety kilometres before the peak. Taxgorgan, the Chinese customs post and town of that name, is one hundred and thirty kilometres from the peak.

The pass also separates two differently named mountain ranges, the Karakoram range (on the Pakistani side), from the Pamir in China. Within these two massive ranges, there are other named but smaller clusters of rugged mountains, and a quick glance at a map can confuse one as there is no illustrated way that one can separate one range from the next.

On the Chinese side of the pass the road is given a different name by the Chinese, who call it, loosely translated, 'The Big Pakistan/China Friendship Road'. This continuation of the Karakoram is also smoothly finished and well graded. It scrolls up and down through generally wide valleys for approximately four hundred and fifty kilometres to the camel market town of Kashgar, which is in the mostly Taklamakan desert filled Chinese province of Xinjiang.

As most travellers consider the Karakoram highway and the Big Pakistan-China Friendship Road to be one and the same, I have done so in this guide, with the exception that I refer to the Chinese road(s) by their route numbers. All Chinese roads have designated route numbers and periodic 'kilometre' markers tell you what numbered road, or track you are on at any given time, for example, the Chinese side of the Karakoram road is route number 314, and you can stay on this route half way across China.

The actual kilometre numbers on the stones don't seem to make any sense, and they certainly did not usually reflect accuracy as compared to both of our cyclometers, which always came out to within a hundred or so meters of each another at the end of every day. The numbers on the stones often showed a ten or fifteen kilometre difference to our daily total.


Traffic, Eating, & Sleeping

Between Rawalpindi and Mansehra voluminous traffic and the attendant exhaust fumes make for rather unpleasant riding conditions. However after leaving Mansehra traffic becomes lighter and remains so almost to the end of the highway in Kashgar, China. The heaviest traffic encountered in Pakistan will be tourist related vehicles, i.e., buses and jeeps as well as the four to six convoyed Chinese trucks bringing merchandise and foodstuffs from China to Pakistan. These vehicles return empty. All drivers are used to cyclists, and although they may 'skim' you sometimes if there is a vehicle coming in the opposite direction, I've yet to hear of a foreign cyclist actually being hit. Vehicles are rarely going fast enough to cause slipstream problems and can be drafted up hills, you may however have to dismount when a vehicle overtakes you on a hill - to let the thick exhaust fumes settle.

Traffic on the Chinese side of the highway is mostly four footed, rather than twin axle, except for the aforementioned trucks. We came to the conclusion that it was far more dangerous overtaking skittish donkeys, horses and camels than it was being overtaken by vehicles!

Between Thakot and Chilas the road snakes through the area called Kohistan. Up to about a decade ago this stretch of road was frequently occupied by transitory bandits, (called 'Dacoits -owners of the land' by most of the Muslim world) who held up buses and other vehicles occasionally killing the occupants. Some people, including Westerners, disappeared as well. There is still occasional nocturnal robbery along this section of the road and public vehicles are provided with a four man armed police escort if they travel through it overnight. There have been no daylight raids for several years and travel between dawn and dusk is considered safe. It is strongly recommended however that independent travellers stay in villages overnight if they are not confined to a vehicle, i.e. if they are animal, pedal, or foot powered.

Although maps do not show them, there are lots of small villages straddling, or within two or three kilometres of the road. The tracks leading to off-road villages are rough, but rideable in low gear. Almost all of the roadside villages have restaurants where 'beds' can be rented overnight. The beds are actually wooden framed, rattan laced cots that double as seats during the day. One sleeps on them 'as-is'; they are quite comfortable, but you may be bothered by mosquitoes and/or the snoring or talking of other overnighters. The cots are cheap but they cannot be rented by women! Women can usually be found a room in the building that houses the restaurant, or sometimes, with a local family. All amenities are spartan, toiletries often being done in, or near the closest river, spring, or water barrel. Toilets are rare!

Dera Ghazi Khan
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Dera Ghazi Khan the Royal City of Balochistan until anglo time of 1857. But later British Empire separated it from Balochistan and it formed as the Division of Punjab Province in recent Pakistan. D.G. Khan was founded by Ghazi Khan in 1494 A.D. Dera Ghazi Khan always remained the center of Balochi Culture and civilization. It forms three major areas in its depth and they are Tribal Areas, semi Tribal Areas, and Nun Tribal Areas.

D.G. Khan contains one of Pakistan's main Textile Industries. All five rivers of Punjab including the Indus River flow through out this region. And combine them into one near Kot Mithan. Main Tribes of Dera Ghazi Khan includes Lighari,Mazari,Khosa, Rind, Qaisrani, Lakani and Umrani and Buzdar.

 INFORMATION ABOUT KHOSA BALOUCH TRIBAL.

Sardar Atta Muhammad khan Khosa

The DGKhan third seat was won by Tumandar Atta Muhammad Khosa of Muslim league, while Tumandar Jamal Khan Leghari was selected on reserve Tumandar seat on Unionist Party ticket.In provincial elections of 1951, Dera Ghazi was divided in eight constuencies, Khan Bahadar Jamal Khan Leghari was elected unoppead on Muslim League ticket. Tumandar Atta Muhammad Khosa was elected unopposed on Muslim League ticketfrom constituency 3. Tumandar Bahadur Khan Drishak father of Nasrullah Khan Drishak was elected from constituency 4, defeating Ghulam Ali of Jamaat-e-Islami and Muhammad Sadiq Shah. Moeen Azam Khan Mazari son of Azam Khan, Mazari who joined Indian National Congress in 1920, won the seat on a PML ticket defeating Ghulam Qadir of Jinnah Awami League from constituency # 5, while Mohammad Khan won the seat on PML ticket from constituency 6 and defeated Yar Muhammad of Jammat-e-Islami and Muhammad Yar Fauq, Khawaja Saeed uddin of Jinnah Awami League bagged the seat and defeated Amir Muhammad Khan Qaisrani Tumandar and Allah Nawaz Khan from constituency 7. Khawaja Ghulam Murtaza of PML won the seat form constituency 8 and defeated Sardar Haji Muhammad of Jinnah Awami League. In 1956 election, Legharis faced defeat as Tumandar Majal Khan Leghari and Mehmood Khan Leghari could not secure their constituencies, while Muhammad Khan Leghari succeeded from Sahiwal.

 KHOSA’S UPS AND DOWNS

A look at the results of previous local body polls in Dera revealed Khosas' rise in local politics. In 1979, Sardar Maqsood Leghari became the district council chairman in alliance with Khosas as latter awarded vice-chairmanship of the council. Sardar Inamullah Khan Khosa was elected the vice-chairman.
In the elections of 1983, Maqsood Leghari returned as chairman of the Dera district council for the second consecutive term, while this time Sardar Amjad Farooq Khosa was the vice-chairman.

Before the next local body elections of 1987, Nawaz Sharif as chief minister of Punjab had been emerged as a political moral-in-making and both Maqsood Leghari and Zulfiqar Khosa were among the courtiers of his court. Their strain relations manifested in the local polls of 1987 when Khosas had to support Legharis for the district council top slot, but they abstained from associating them as their deputy. Maqsood Leghari's younger brother Mansoor Leghari was elected chairman of the council, while Khosas' backed Abbas Lond became the vice-chairman.

In 1989, Khosas became closed with Sharifs when Maqsood Leghari resigned from provincial ministry on the pressure of his chief, Farooq Leghari, who was frustrated after his failure in electing as leader of the Punjab Assembly despite the emergence of his then political party PPP as the single largest party in the provincial assembly in the general elections of 1988.

Khosas' loyalty paid dividends in 1991 when local polls held in Punjab under the PML government both in the Center and the province under the leadership of Nawaz Sharif. Zulfiqar Khosa's son Saifuddin elected the district council chairman. He repeated his performance in the local body polls of 1998 that too, were held under the Nawaz regime. But some analysts attribute their (Khosas') rise in local body politics to the Sharifs' tactics of getting the desired result by hook or by crook.

Sialkot
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The city of Sialkot is considered to be one of the most historical cities in the sub-continent. The nostalgia and splendour ingrained in its aesthetic architecture is reminiscent of glorious times.
Sialkot is known as the city of Iqbal who was born, and bred here.
It is a city with a rich cultural, political, social and educational history with a diverse mix of people from varying walks and backgrounds. Sialkot is a city of culture and industry. It has seen times of bloody wars and has prospered in the golden ages of peace.  
Of late, the city of Sialkot has worn a new look with the newly laid roads, erection of crossing, installation of street lights, construction of new buildings and renovation of old buildings. The construction work of the Sialkot International Airport is also in progress.
A mushroom growth of educational institutions both in public and private sectors has taken place which shows the keen interest of the people of Sialkot in education.
For a prospective student the city of Sialkot provides a memorable and valuable experience. It is a vibrant city with facilities of all sorts. The centre of cultural, academic and social learning Sialkot boasts an enviable percentage of literacy.

Role of Sialkotis in 1965 Pakistan India War.

In 1966, Pakistan Government had awarded the citizens of Lahore, Sialkot And Sargodha for their braveness in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 which was started on 06.09.1965. when the Indian Army Troops suddenly attacked and break the Line of Control in the West Pakistan sector at near about 3.00 AM. The Indian Army Chief and high official announced that they would take dinner in Lahore Gymkhana Club. BBC announced this news in their news bulletins again and again. But all there dreams changed in to a dreadful dream, false and baseless when they cannot able to cross the BRB Canal with their utmost try till the end of the war. During this 17 days war, the character of Lahoris proved themselves as an undefeatable through their bravery. On 07.09.1965, the Indian Army attacked with over 1,000 armed Sherman tanks at Sialkot sector but all their dreams has been changed in to a dreadful dreams when the brave men from Pakistan Army laid down to tie the bombs on their chests and laid down in front of these tanks. It is called that this tank war was the second biggest war of tanks after 2nd World War. In the result, all most all the tanks were changed in to scrap. On the very same day, the Indian Air Force attacked the biggest air attack over Sargodha Air base with their latest Russian Mig which the had taken from the Soviet Union. But by the grace of Almighty Allah (God) once again helped the Pakistanis and most of their Russian Mig were totally damaged or fell down in an air fight.   Seeing this braveness of the People of Lahore, Sialkot and Sargodha, the Government of Pakistan awarded the cities and citizens of Lahore, Sialkot and Sargodha with the flag name "HILAL-E-ISTAQLAL" which is one of the highest civilian award. The citizens of Lahore, Sialkot and Sargodha played an important role in this war and helped Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force and Pakistan Navy with their full zeal and zest.


Ganish
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Ganish! The oldest and first settlement on ancient Silk rout in Hunza.You may see different old watch towers,old traditional mosques,religious centers.

Ganish village is located on flat land near the Hunza River and the Hunza hill at an altitude of 7,500 ft. Though it has several new Khuns (clusters), Bitan Khun, Suni Khun, Buldus, Ganish Shukonoshal, Chaboikushal and Tsill Ganish, Ganish Khun is the oldest. The original layout of Ganish Khun is mostly intact, even after damage caused by a flood in 1960 and the construction of the KKH through it in the 1970's. Garnish’s existing historic fabric is a typical central Hunza Khun layout, which comprises of 39 houses dating back to the 15th century. This fabric contains a number of buildings (Imam-bargah, Himaltar and Shikaris Sawab-Ha, mosques, schools, guest house etc) and open spaces that are outstanding in their spatial layout, architecture and decoration. Ancient chinar’s, mulberry and willow trees testify to the age of the settlement.

The village’s surroundings consist of thousand of year’s old meticulously constructed terrace houses, lush green agricultural terraces, orchards and meadows. The orchards and meadows terrace down to the Hunza River and create a most beautiful form of landsca

Unesco heritage distinction award for Ganish-Hunza

The award of distinction for the year 2002 has been given to Ganish, a small settlement in central Hunza in the Northern Areas, for preserving four historical mosques.

In all, 142 entries from 37 Asia-Pacific countries competed for the Award, bringing to world attention the high quality of conservation work being done around the region.

Richard Engelhardt, the Unesco regional adviser on culture for Asia-Pacific, presented the award to the community at a ceremony at Ganish, some 110 kilometres off Gilgit, on Saturday last.

The ceremony was attended by Unesco country director Ingeborg Breines, federal secretary for culture Ismail Niazi, representatives of AKCSP and the Karakoram Area Development Organization (KADO), besides all the community members as well as many people from the surrounding villages of Altit and Karimabad,

The award, established in 2000, is given in recognition of the efforts and contributions of individuals and organizations that have successfully restored and conserved structures and buildings of heritage value in the Asia-Pacific region.

The programme aims at promoting conservation of the region's architectural heritage, which is threatened by unchecked development, neglect, or inappropriate reuse.

The living historic village, popularly known as Ganish Khun, is about one thousand years old, with a small community working towards improving its quality of life. With the spread of Islam, the Yarikutz, the Rupikutz, the Kuyokutz and the Mamorokutz - the then leading families of the area - constructed four mosques and watch towers dating back to the 16th and 17th centuries. These unique structures, which were decaying owing to the ravages of time and lack of financial and technical resources, have been restored to some of their old glory with the assistance from Norway and Spain, through the Aga Khan Cultural Services Programme (AKCSP).

Encouraged by this support, the local community began to pave their streets, restore the old unstable houses, improve the sanitation system, and is now in the process of building a water filtration plant.

Ganish Khun is now seen as a model village, inspiring other settlements of the area to follow suit, thus substantiating Unesco's belief that recognizing successful preservation efforts helps spur additional projects within the same community, advocating the culture of preservation and conservation through the use of appropriate conservation techniques and approaches.

In awarding the prize to the Ganish project, the panel of judges cited: "The restoration of four 300-year old wooden mosques in Pakistan's Hunza Valley has successfully revitalized the village "chataq", the traditional public heart of the Ganish historic settlement. Initiated and undertaken by the villagers, with professional guidance, the project has rebuilt community spirit in a rural village which has undergone major socio-economic change and natural disasters over the years.

"The restrained conservation approach has stabilized the buildings which were in danger of collapse, while retaining the rich historic patina and showcasing the intricate detailing of the structures. Modern materials were selectively incorporated alongside the use of traditional materials and techniques. The preservation of the surrounding buildings and infrastructural improvements was sensitively executed, consequently strengthening the traditional town fabric while upgrading the quality of life of the residents. The project presents an outstanding example of a community-led initiative strategically facilitated by outside support".

This is the second time that Hunza has been honoured with the Unesco award. Earlier, the 700 years old historic Baltit Fort, which was preserved and renovated by the AKCSP, was the first project which bagged the Unesco Cultural Heritage Award in 1999.

Mountain Areas
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Where in the world there are most of the highest peak, largest glaciers, wildest rivers and unique most civilization … is Pakistan . The northern part of Pakistan is well renowned for meeting point of world’s highest mountain ranges i.e. Himalaya , Karakoram, Hindu Kush and Pamir . Nowhere else on the earth is such high mountains in a single region. Rising upto 8611 meters high Chogori (K2), the 2 nd highest mountain peak in the world and highest in Pakistan , this region is well populated with spectacular wonders. Baltoro region, most visited and popular mountain trek in the world provides really what it is renowned for. Four of the fourteen 8000 meters peak are standing along the Baltoro Glacier. Many over 7000 meters peak and over 60 KM long this glacier (Baltoro) is remarkably unique mountain paradise for mountaineers. Almost attached to Baltoro, Biafo Glacier is another spacious name for mountain travelers. Combining with Hispar Glacier, Biafo-Hispar makes the world’s largest glacial land in the world (other than Polar Regions ). Like Baltoro, this largest iceland is also surrounded by many 7000 to 6000 meter peaks. At the junction of Biafo and Hispar, the Snow Lake is the most charming place for the trekkers. A large area covered with solid ice almost 2 kilometers in depth, Snow Lake (Lupke Lawo – local name) is a crown for Northern Areas of Pakistan. Dastaghil Sar, Kunyand Chhish, Pumeri Chhish and hundreds of other named and unnamed peaks are a reason for mountaineers of the world to be in this area.   The Northern Areas of Pakistan consists of three major regions, Baltistan, Chitral and Gilgit. Among all, Baltistan with its capital Skardu is the most wild and remote among all the valleys. With almost uncountable tributaries and water resources, Indus and Shyok are the main rivers in Baltistan. Maximum of the Karakoram wilderness is in Baltistan and makes it the most wanted mountain place. Broad Peak , Gasherbrum massif and Masherbrum are the highest peaks in Baltistan region. Deo Sai National Park is famous for its unique geographic characteristics and its flora and fauna. A few Himalayan Brown Bears survive in Deo Sai National Park and a major attraction of this plateau. Chitral valley, isolated and wild enough, renowned for Kalash and Tirich Mir with Chitral Gol National Park at the base of this Hindu Kush region’s highest peak. Kalash valley, beautiful and green with fresh water tributaries, is famous for its Kalash people and there unique culture. Kunar or Chitral River is the main water resource in the area. Tirich Mir , Noshaq and Istoro Nal are the major peaks in Chitral region. Gilgit is the most developed and largest region of Northern Areas of Pakistan. In this region all the four highest mountain regions meet at Jaglot, 20 minutes drive from Gilgit right on the Karakoram Highway. At this point the two major rivers Gilgit River and Indus River meet. Gilgit is also the most populated part of Northern Areas of Pakistan. Hunza, Nagar, Gojal and Ghizar are districts of Gilgit Division. Naltar, Ishkoman, Ghizar and Shandur provide a number of trekking and mountaineering opportunities. Nanga Parbat , Rakaposhi, Batura (also glacier), Passu (also glacier), Ultar, Dastaghil Sar, Kunyand Chissh and many other peaks are in Gilgit region. Gilgit, Hunza, Hispar, Khujerab and many other rivers in this region are providing Pakistan a major source of water. Batura and Passu glaciers are the largest glaciers in Gilgit region with 40 to 60 kilometers in length. Because of the highest mountain areas in the world, there are many high passes in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Khunjerab, the world’s highest public pass, border between Pakistan and China is one of these passes. Many lakes in different valleys also provide a touch of nature’s artwork. Kachura, Satpara, Karumbar, Shaucer, Rama and many unnamed lakes are major contributor in the magnificence of
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Mandi Bahauddin
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Mandi-Bahaudddin is bounded on the north west by the river Jhelum, on the South-East by the river Chenab which separates it from Districts Gujranwala and Gujrat and on the South west by District Sargodha.

District Mandi-Bahauddin is spread over an area of 2673 square Kilometres comprising of following three Tehsils:-

* Mandi Bahauddin

* Phalia

* Malakwal

There are 65 Union Counsils in the District Mandi-bahauddin.

Location of mandi bahauddin

It is situated in Punjab, Pakistan. Motorway is about 50 KM from here. It is above sea level (204m).

CLIMATE AND GENERAL SOIL CONDITIONS  

It has moderate climate, which is hot in summer and cold in winter. During peak summer the day temperature rises to 45?C, but the winter monthsare very pleasant and the minimum temperature may fall below 2?C. The average rain fall in the district is 50 mm.

MAIN TOWNS  

* Chack Basawa (Dera subhana)  * Chillianwala  *Dhok kasib  *Gujra   * Helan   * Kathalan Sheikhan   * Mangat   * Mong * Mianwal Ranjha   * Paharianwala *Lakhnewala *Qadirabad  *Rasul  *Wassu  *Sohawa *Bhikhi Sharif*Chhohranwala* buraj agra * Shadman Town(Mohabat Pur)*
Sadar Gate mbdin Sadar Gate mbdin
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Gujranwala
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Gujranwala is a city in Punjab with a population of 1,384,100 (2003). It is located at 32.16 0 North, 74.18 0 East. The district is an area of 3198 sq. m. Gujranwala is the 5th largest city in Pakistan. Punjabi is the daily used language here, however English and Urdu are extensively used too. The city has also always been known for it's famous wrestling which is why it is also called The City Of Wrestlers. Food is enjoyed by all in Gujranwala. Hotels and restaurants prepare the top quality foods for their customers which are always popular such as tikka's and kebabs. It is a city with lot of small industries
Chichawatni
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Chichawatni

Offical Website: http://www.chichawatni.7p.com


 

Chichawatni is a historic site in Pakistan . It is unique as it is a small town about 45km from Sahiwal. It is situated very conveniently on the famous Grand Trunk Road, otherwise known as the "G.T. Road" and has an attractive railway station. With all the facilities of a large city in a small town, Chichawatni is a thriving town with very good economic growth. It is famous for its crops of wheat, cotton, sugar cane and ice cream parlours. This small and attractive Pakistani town lies approximately 20km from the ancient Upper Indus site of Harappa and an excellent stop-over for Tourists interested in traditional crafts and mouth-watering, delicious Pakistani cuisine. Serving many local villages, this humble but highly industrious agricultural town also boasts several colleges and institutions for higher education reflecting the town's acute emphasis on education. Towns people come from many different backgrounds, from poor farmers to aristocratic Zamindars (landowners) usually of upper caste Gujjar, Rajput and Jat stock. Local administrators, otherwise known as "Zaildars" and "Safedposh" or "white-robed nobles", form the political elite of the town and may also be found as civil servants in most local government offices. During the India-Pakistan Partition in 1947, many aristocratic Muslim families fled from Punjabi towns like Firozpur in India and settled in towns like Chichawatni. Local Gujjar aristocrats in Chichawatni, originally from Firozpur, are quite happy to show Tourists photos of the splendid Palaces and gardens vacated by them during the unfortunate events of the India-Pakistan Partition.

Chaudhry Khawaj Ahmed laid the foundation of the first girls school in Chichawatni. Chichawatni also accommodates a large Christian community, usually drawn from the very poorest sections of society. The Christians are a respected, hard-working and gentle community in an otherwise overwhelmingly Muslim town. Attitudes towards Christians have been inflamed by the short-lived increase of fundamentalist rhetoric in certain Mosques but overall this negative rhetoric has been mellowed by the sheer volume of important Sufi Shrines, whose calming and uplifting spiritual influence still pervades the town and the many local villages it serves.

Syed Mir Family of Chichawatni

The are so many famous families in this are and Syed Mir Family is one of the most famous and influential families. The fore father of the family
Mir Syed Muhammad Nazeer Esq. selected Chak No.34-12/L for his residence where he had purchased a lot of agricultural land. He had three sons named
Mir Syed Muhammad Ismail Esq.,
Mir Syed Riaz-ud-Din Esq,
Mir Syed Fayyazud-Din Esq
Mir Syed Naseer-ud-Din Ahmed Esq.
Some more dignities of the family are
Mir Syed Ghias-ud-Din Late,
Mir Syed Moghees-ud-Din,F/O Syed Mir Rameez Ahmed Tehsil President Pakistan tehreek-e-insaaf Chichawatni 
Mir Syed Moiz-ud-Din,
Mir Syed Raza-ud-Din,Union Nazim since Last 8 years Very famous personaility in tehsil chichawatni and ex director divisional Health Care
Mir Syed Ameen-ud-Din,
Mir Syed Shams-ud-Din,
Mir Syed Zaheer-ud-Din etc
Mir Syed Faisal Head warid tele com
Mir Syed Mooed Ahmed producer Dunya tv and working with najam sethi

LOCATIONS TO VISIT WHILST IN CHICHAWATNI

Whilst visiting Chichawatni ideal visit to Sadar market is necessary to stock up on household goods ranging from Food down to clothes.Very lively atmosphere that will leave you with a bunch of good memories and maybe a bargain or too.

Cattle Market of Chichawatni

There is one of the biggest Cattle Market (مندی مویشیان) of Pakistan in Chichawatni. This Market is special for Buffaloes.

Jungle of Chichawatni

Chichawatni has the second largest Non-Natural Jungle of Pakistan in Chichawatni. This Jungle has area of 9000 Acres. The Biggest Non-Natural Jungle is Changa Manga.

Crescent Factories of Chichawatni

Crescent Factories of Chichawatni are supposed to be the first Vanaspati Ghee Mills of Asia.

Madarassa Khalidia of Chichawatni

Madrasssa Khalidia of Chichwatni is First Jihadi Maddarassa which was first built over accupied space in Jamia Masjid Block 12 of Chichawatni. Now it is Moved near Chak 40/12-L.

Esther John

Chichawatni is also the home town of Esther John , one of the most famous Christian nurse.

Contribution of Chichawatni in 2004 Summer Olympics

Chichawatni is also the home town of Shazia Hidayat , one of the few women who represented Pakistan in the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.


Part or or all of this text stems from the original article at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chichawatni

Vehari
City
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Vehari District was created in 1976 out of the three tehsils of Multan District namely Vehari, Burewala, Mailsi and Sub-tehsils Machiwal and Gaggo of Sahiwal District. Its boundaries meet with Khanewal District on North West, with Lodhran District on West, with Bahawalpur District on South and Bahawalnagar District on the South East across the river Sutlej, which passes from East to West. The Sahiwal District lies on its North East. The district Vehari is spread over an area of 4,365 Square kilometres comprising of following three tehsils:-
+Vehari
+Burewala
+Mailsi

 

More About Vehari Places can be found at Vehari News my.opera.com/zugrat

By shahid mirza

Vehari district has an extreme climate i.e. very hot to the extent of 48.7ºC in summer and very cold in winter up to 1ºC. The average rainfall is about 127 mm. The land of the district is very fertile. The river Satluj passes from East towards West along the Southern side of the district.

The district had a population of 2,090,416 of which 15.75% were urban in 1998.


VEHARI LOCATION


Vehari is a city in Vehari District, Punjab, Pakistan .It is located about 65 miles from the regional metropolis of Multan. It is located about 10 miles from the southern-most of the five rivers (Sutlej) in Punjab "the land of the five rivers". Five rivers in the punjabi language are called (punj meaning five) and the Persian(Farsi) word (aab meaning water). Vehari is to the north of the Sutlej river. A headworks of canals is located on this river near Luddan on the Luddan-Vehari canal providing irrigation water to both banks of the river, which includes to the south of the river the upper fringes or the Choolistan desert. All year long the climate of the area is very hot in the summer and pleasent from October to February. The land is arid and dusty due to very little rain around the year. The mangoes are abundant in the summer and perhaps the most delicious in the world. The winter brings a great crop of citrus and guava. Vehari is the capital of the cotton growing area of this part of Pakistan. There are dozens of cotton processing factories and cotton-seed oil manufacturing plants in this area. Sugar cane grows easily and there are many sugar mills. Vehari is located on the southern alternate route of both railway and road beween Multan and Lahore, the capital of the Punjab province of Pakistan. The northern rout is the main route. Both of these routes run roughly in north-easterly direction, almost parallel to each other and are only 20 to thirty miles apart between each other any given point. . A section of the railway between Multan and Lahore is electrified on the main line between Khanewal and Lahore. The Vehari route goes to Lahore through the famous religiously renowned city of Pakpattan, where the sufi Saint Baba Freed Shakarganj is buried. Thousands of pilgrims come annually to Pakpattan for saint's "Urs" celebration which include all sorts of festivities. Baba Fareed's poetry has been included in the religius texts of Sikh and Hindo  religion.

The founder of the Sikh religion, Guru Nanak from his early age made friends with both Hindu and Muslim children and was very inquisitive about the meaning of life. Guru Nanak undertook long journeys to convey his message to the people in the form of musical hymns. He travelled throughout the Indian Subcontinent and further east, west, and north to spread his mission
A Tehsil of District Vehari, Burewala has the importance for the Sikh followers as Baba Buru Nanak stayed at a shrine of Haji Sher Chawli Mashaekh and a Gurdwara of Guru Nanak Dev which is a half a kilometer from the Mazaar of Baba Haji Sher. The people call it "Tapasthan Guru Nanak" even now once Akali Singh Custodian (Sewadar) looked after the shrine but now a Muslim family is performing this duty.
The holy shrine Baba Haji Sher Dewan is located in Chak No. 317 EB, on the Burewala-Sahoka road. It is also known as Chak Dewan Sahib Chawli Mashaekh but early days its name Khatowal was very famous in the sub-continent. The great Sufi preacher of Islam including Hazrat Baba Faridudin Masud Ganj Shakar and Makhdoom Allauddin Ahmad Sabir Kalyari were born here and Hazrat Bahuddin Zakrai Multani, Hazrat Syed Jalaluddin Shah Bukhari, Hazrat Usman Marvandi famous known as Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, Makhdoom Allauddin Ahmad Sabir Kalyari and Sikhism founder Baba Guru Nannak stayed at this shrine.
There is well is in the locality half a kilometer from the shrine of Haji Sher Chawli Mashaekh which is called "Khoi Baba Farid". It is said that Baba Farid meditated for twelve years hanging by a kachi tand (raw-yarn) in this well and achieved Bhakti. The well is still in use and water is cool and tasty there is a high boundary around the well and there is a beautiful Darbar of Sat Guru Nanak Dev Ji is in front of the gate of the well.
The beautiful Darbar of Sat Gur Nanak Dev anmed as Gurudwara Pehli Patshahi in front of this well is in destructive condition as the beauty of the place is being marred by the family living there. The Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB) has neglected the importance of this place and some valuables scriptures and art work has been spoiled by the frequent white washing. Now after hue and cry from media, ETPB has reserved some funds for reconstruction and repair of this Gurdwara.

V Chowk Vehari V Chowk Vehari
photo by: Ch Ahsan Bari
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Khushab
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 Khushab is one of the important city especially Defence(Atomic) point of view,This distt. is full of natuaral beauty containing Jhelum River,Fields,Mountains(Skaisar) and Thal desert.Its important towns included Quaida-bad,Jauhara-bad,Mithtawana,Nowshera.

Jauharabad(atomic city) is beautiful city for residence havind wide roads and streets.education rate is increasing in Khushab distt.Top Schools and colleges included are Fauji Foundation Khushab,DPS Khushab,The educators Jauharabad.Now there is a campus of Arid University in Khushab.

Neighbour cities are Sargodha,Mianwali,Bhakher,Jhelum and Jhang.

The soon valley sakasir is one of the beautiful area of Diss. Khushab.

There is three beautiful lakes(Ochali. Khabbaki. Sodhi jay wali) and a beautiful Garden Kanhatti Garden near Khabbaki village. Here is a very bigest forest in Disst. khushab soonvalley area.

Sahiwal
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HISTORY:
The city of Sahiwal was originally known as Montgomery, founded by Sir. Robert Montgomery in 1865, he was the Former Governor of Punjab. This city took it's current name in 1966. Sahiwal is the best planned city in Punjab. Sahiwal and Rochdale (Manchester) became sister cities in 1988  

LOCATION:      

Sahiwal is one of the fastest growing cities in Punjab, it is situated approximately 100 miles west of Lahore. The population of sahiwal is 207,388, spread over 2,134 sq miles. Just outside sahiwal about 15 miles away is the 3000 years old ancient civilization city of Harrapa. Sahiwal is also a modern city with all forms of transportation available, highways and trains can be used to reach all the major cities of Pakistan. Sahiwal is a four season city with temperatures ranging from 52°C in the summer down to -5°C in the winter. Sahiwal also has rich and fertile soil and the city has about 2000mm of rain each year.

City Security Technology
All major intersections of sahiwal are being monitored by close circuit TV cameras 24 hours a day and 7 days a week for security purposes. Newly established provincial government service called "Rescue 1122" is there to help in emergency.

Heaven Fonder

It is a non  nonprofit and nongovernmental organisation working  to promote the Domestic Tourism  in Sahiwal.It also provides information about any are through Maps,Pictures,Movies and Literatures just for cost nothing.This organisation started working form 2004.The Chairman is a lady having Diploma in Hotel & Tourism Management From T.D.C.P Lahore.Any one can get information on by sending an 

E-mail on thnl@hotmail.com 

SAJID KHAN(03009691327)

HABIB TOWN

habib town is  opp. to district head quarter hospital

Yadgar Sahiwal. Yadgar Sahiwal.
photo by: M.A. Natiq
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Fort Abbas
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A small city near indian border. this city is covered with Desert Cholistan.

Fort Abbas (Named  after Muhammad Abbas; the eldest son of Nawab Sir Sadiq in 1927) Fort Abbas (Named after Muhammad Abbas; the eldest son of Nawab Sir Sadiq in 1927)
photo by: Engineer A.N.Tabish, UET Lahore-Pakistan
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Soon Valley
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Soon Valley

The Soon Valley ( Urdu : وادئ سون ) or Soon Sakesar is located in Khushab District ( Urdu : وادی سون کی معلومات کے لیےمنظرسون آپ کی بہترین رہبر),For more detail about Manzar E Soon 00923008608035 www.alturka.com Punjab , Pakistan .

The Soon Valley starts from Padhrar village and ends in Sakesar which is the highest peak of Salt Range . Sakesar is 5010 feet above sea level. The Soon Valley is situated in the north west of Khushab district. The length of Soon Valley is 35 miles and average width is 09 miles [ citation needed ] . There are some special features of this valley that distinguish it from other areas, without knowing about them it is very hard to understand its importance.Chitta, Sabhral, Khoora, Nowshera, Kufri, Anga, Ugali, Mardwal, Dhadhar, Uchali and Bagh Shams-ud-Din are important towns in soon valley. Kanhatti Garden, Sodhi Garden, Da'ep and Sakesar are resorts to visit. Awan tribe is settled in Soon Valley.

Well known personalities like late literary giant Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi and columnist Abdul Qadir Hassan, prominent scholar Syed Ahmad Saeed Hamadani, scholar and   poet, Iqbal Dost from Khabakki who is well known at home and abroad due to his many books including Jam-e-Khudi and Aap-ke-Naam, and for his English Poems in UK.  World renowned Dr. Ghaus Malik neurosurgen USA  from Sabhral also belong to this land.

Transportation

Soon Valley is accessible through public transport from Islamabad (M2 Balkasar Interchange), Lahore (M2 Kalar Kahar Intrechange), Sargodha , Khushab and Mianwali . It is about 2 and half hours from Khushab, from Islamabad side you enter in valley by jaba road through Talagang.

Lakes

There are three well-renowned Uchalli Lake, Khabikki Lake and Jahlar Lake

Books

Till now 4 books printed on Soon Valley

1.WADI E SOON SAKESAR by SARWAR AWAN

2.SOON SAKESAR by AHMAD GHAZALI

3.ZIA E SOON by AHMAD HAMDANI

4.MANZAR E SOON by SHAH DIL AWAN

 

lakes in soon valley,which now a days are effected badly and drained due to pollution and shortage of natural water resources.

Malik is not a sub caste of Awan. It's a title given to people from Awan "tribe.

Tribes

The main tribe of the area is the Awan tribe settled in the Soon valley with Malik as sub cast is used by the locals, such as Majhial in Mardwal, Kroge in Sabhral, Bazral , Chhatal in Ugali,Phatwal and Mianwaddal in Anga, Bazrals of Shaker Kot and so on. In the valley Awan's are known by their sub castes. A majority of the people are serving in the armed forces of Pakistan. Other professions like education, business, transportation and agricultural are also adopted by the locals.

 

contributed by : Zia Sultan. Some changes by Ejaz awan ( ejaz_dwp@yahoo.com)

 

sight of uchhali lack from suraki sight of uchhali lack from suraki
photo by: muzammal hussain noshehra
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Muzaffar Garh
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Muzaffargarh is a district in the south of the Punjab province of Pakistan . It is spread over an area of 8,435 km². It forms a strip between the river Chenab on its east and Indus river on its West. It is one of oldest districts of Punjab . According to the 1998 census of Pakistan , the population of the district was 2,635,903 of which 12.75% were urban. it is the gateway of knowledge.

Four tehsils of muzaffar garh are Ali Pur, Jatoi, Kot Addu and Muzaffar garh.

Muzaffargarh is an important historical city of Pakistan . In the late 16th century a settlement known as Khokha Chowk emerged, a Chowk means Market and also a place where paths or roads intersect.

The importance of Khokha Chowk resulted in surrounding areas becoming settled. By the early 17th century, it had become a small town. It had been known by various names but finally became known as Muzaffargarh, after Muzaffar Khan of Multan . Muzaffar had shifted his headquarters from Khangarh to Muzaffargarh between 1764-96.

By 1864 Muzaffargarh had become a city and the headquarters of Muzaffargarh District. The economy of the city and district had evolved from nothing to the country level. The economic growth the area led to the building of Roads, High Schools, Colleges, District Hospital , and also industrial areas of the city.

 

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rahimyarkhan
naran wadi naran wadi
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HARRAPA
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dffafdsfsfsafsafafa
Eagle Nest Hotel in Duikar Hunza Pakistan
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I am a tourist who has visited many times to Hunza Valley in my life. I have never seen such a peaceful and scenic point. Eagle’s Nest Hotel is situated in the village of Duikar, which is perched on a 2850 meter high ridge above Altit village in Hunza valley. Eagle’s Nest  Hotel is one of the best and most easily accessible viewpoints in the whole of Hunza valley. Even if you don’t have time to stay long it is a must to come up to see the sunrise or sunset views on Hunza valley and Rakaposhi and the other peaks surrounding Eagle’s Nest Hotel. Guests that stay at Eagle’s Nest Hotel can even enjoy the sunrise from their room.Starting as a small camping site in 1994, Eagle’s Nest has grown into a full service hotel. The friendly family-run hotel offers accommodation to suit every budget. The personal hospitality and personal touch which you find every room service, food and garden is unique, and has made many guests wanting to prolong their stay. 

I hope you will visit and enjoy the journey. For more information you can also visit

www.eaglesnesthotel.com

www.eaglenest.com.pk

Miss Tehseen Khan

thnl@hotmail.com

SHEOSAR LAKE , SKARDU , PAKISTAN SHEOSAR LAKE , SKARDU , PAKISTAN
photo by: TARIQ HAMEED SULEMANI
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Rarhim Yar Khan
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How to get to this district or may be big city in south Punjab in Pakistan by bus,train or plane.

Thanks/first traveler

Attock
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Attock District (Urdu: اٹک) is a district in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The district was created in 1904 by the merger of Talagang Tehsil in the Jhelum District with the Pindigheb, Fatehjang and Attock tehsils from Rawalpindi District of the Punjab province of British India. Attock District is bordered by the Haripur and Swabi districts of North-West Frontier Province to the north, the district of Rawalpindi to the east, the district of Chakwal to the southeast, the district of Mianwali to the southwest, and North-West Frontier Province districts of Kohat and Nowshera to the west and northwest. The river Indus forms the western boundary of the district. Attock District was originally named Campbellpur after the Briton Sir Campbell who founded the city of Campbellpore. The name of the district was changed to Attock as of 1978.[1] Attock city is the district headquarters.

The district has a population of 1,274,935 of which 20.45% were urban in 1998.[2] The Awans, Milars and Khattars are the main tribes of Attock District.

in Tehsil Pindigheb, small town by Name Khaur, there you see the oldest Oil wells of the subcontinants, these oil wells starts in 1894, & the 1st oil well of the subcontinant is also here. a P.O.L oil company's musem is also here for travelers.

jamia masjid khaur jamia masjid khaur
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Ahmad pur east
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The Nawab Mohed Sadiq City: This is a historical city, 250 years old. It is a very beautiful location with historical buildings.

FORT DERAWER FORT DERAWER
photo by: UMERMUGHAL
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Dera Ismail Khan
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Dera Ismail Khan:

Dera Ismail Khan is a city in N.W.F.P , Pakistan .It is situated on the west bank of the Indus River and lies 200 miles west of Lahore and 120 miles north-west of Multan. . Dera Ismail Khan was founded towards the end of the fifteen century by Ismail Khan, a son of the Baloch adventurer Malik Sohrab, who named the town after. It is often abbreviated to D.I.Khan.The bazars of the city all converge in one area, called Chowaglla (literally "intersection") Major bazars include Topanwala bazar, Bhatiya bazar, Muslim bazar, Kalan bazar and Bakhiri bazar. Natives of Dera Ismail Khan are known as Derawals. The Airport is situated 10 KM away from city centre. The district has an area of 7,326 km².

Tourist Areas:

A popular tourist destination is called Handeray Near About 45Km from the Dera Ismail Khan -Indus Highway. These ruins are situated near a place Mahra on indus Highway.

Another popular tourist destination is a pre-Islamic fort called Bilot, 500m from the Dera Ismail Khan-Chashma highway. These ruins are situated on a hill.

A sacred Sikh shrine is located in the Chota Bazaar of Dera Ismail Khan as Gureu Nanak visited this place during his fourth itinerary. At the site where he stayed a dharamshala was built by his devotees.

Economic production in the district:

One of the most famous products of this district is the "Dhakki Date", which is exported to Middle East, United States, and Europe. This date or khajoor is grown in the nearby village of Dhakki.

This district produces wheat, sugar cane (ganna), Good rice, and a very famous variety of mango called Langra.

D I Khan is increasingly exporting another type of dried date called chooara.

There are also coal mines in the nearby village Saidu Wali on the edge of CRBC Canal.

Dera Ismail Khan is also famous for a desert delicacy called Sohan Halwa.

Dera Ismail Khan is also famous for its lacquered woodwork, glass and ivory ware, mats, and Sarongs.

Newer industries within the city include sugar, soap, textile and oil milling.

Radio Pakistan is also situated in D.I.Khan. 

CRBC Canal is the major canal which provide water for irrigation.

Communication:

The city is connected to Bannu via the highway, which further connects it to the provincial capital of Peshawar via Kohat and Darra Adam Khail. Another road connects D.I. Khan to Mianwali through Chashma Barrage. The third major road connects it to Bhakkar in Punjab, situated on the eastern bank of indus River. The bridge on the Indus River was constructed in early 1980s, before which the approach to Bhakkar was made through a boat bridge.

The city has telephone, telegraph, and internet facilities- although telegraph has recently been abandoned in line with the government policy of transitioning away from telegraph communications throughout the country.

Languages:

Siriaki is first language of people .Pashto is next to it.

Educational institutions:

The city is home to many educational institutions, including:

Gomal University Al-Khair University  Qurtuba University Gomal Medical College Wensam College CIT College Of information Technology
Taunsa Sharif
City
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Situated in pakistan; punjab Provence, a part of district Dera Ghazi Khan.

Taunsa has a Population 100000 according to 2004 estimate.the education rate in taunsa is 80%, it is a siraki area, but a large number of  tribe(blouch and Pathan) is in Tehsil Taunsa,

in all the university ,medical colleges and all the four provence taunsvi are serving.

 

Taunsa Sharif Dargha which is main thing to attract vistor from all over Pakistan as well as world Taunsa Sharif Dargha which is main thing to attract vistor from all over Pakistan as well as world
photo by: Sadr-ul-shaheed Miana
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Shahpur City
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Shahpur is a historical city situated in district Sargodha, Pakistan. Once this city was an important cantounment and district in the era of British empire. In 1935 due to floody area its recognition as district was changed to Tehsil. There in Shahpur city remains of a fort are present. On these remains people has built their houses. Now this city consists of population of above 70,000.

BHHAKAR
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BHHAKAR IS THE DISTT OF SARGODHA DIVISION.TEHSILS ARE MANKERA KALORKOT,DARIAKHAN,AND BHAKAR,FAMOUS PERSONALITY ABUBAKAR QURESHI FROM MANKERA AND ZAHEER KHAN FROM HYDERABAD FOR MOR DETAIL JUST LOG ON www.alturka.com
BHHAKAR
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BHHAKAR IS THE DISTT OF SARGODHA DIVISION.TEHSILS ARE MANKERA KALORKOT,DARIAKHAN,AND BHAKAR,FAMOUS PERSONALITY ABUBAKAR QURESHI FROM MANKERA AND ZAHEER KHAN FROM HYDERABAD FOR MOR DETAIL JUST LOG ON www.alturka.com
Benazirabad
City
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"Benazirabad" is new name of "Nawab Shah" an old city of central Sindh, southern province of Pakistan.
Sheikhu Pura
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If your travels have taken you to Sheikhu Pura, please tell us about your travel experience here.
Rahimyar Khan
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Have you been to Rahimyar Khan Pakistan? If you have, and would like to tell our readers about your trip, you can do so here.
Okara
City
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Okara is 135 miles away from Lahore
Ganish Hunza
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Have your travels brought you to Ganish Hunza? Feel free to add/edit this page with your experiences traveling in Ganish Hunza.
Ganish Hunza
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Ganish is the oldest village. The ancestors of Hunza people came to Ganish and settled there. With the passage of time, the population increased and the people spread over the area making new valleys named as:

Karimabad

Altit

Aliabad

Murtaza abad

Ganish has also received the heritage distinction award in the year 2002. Ganish is a traditional village with 800 year-old mosques and a beautiful battle tower used by the ancestors of the Ganish people for the brawl.

Moenjo-daro (Dokri)
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Moenjo-daro belongs to the 3rd oldest civiliazation of the world, which stuited in talluka Dokri Distt Larkana province Sindh Pakitan.
lakki marwat
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the beauty you need

you can easily find in lakki marwat

bhera
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oh right!!! so if this happens we wont have no ectlercity for few days?? i dont know whats gonna happen to lot of people. do u think the Anunnaki will comeback? i reckon they will cause they are connected with maya i think. but they also saying that its gonna be dark for 3 days straight cause the nibiru is going to cover our planet i reckon. but some people dont even believe in this stuff. nostradamus, nasa, maya and scientists wouldnt lie would they? i think they are telling the truth.
ALIOT VILLAGE
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Aliot village is situated in kahuta road the total population 50,000 and majority of peoples land lord. 

this village is famous for its PHARWALA FORTS. the villege of Aliot is a place of great spirtitualism. here one finds a great mosque located right at the heart of the village.

At the distance of 5 km from Aliot village road lies PHARWALA FORTS. a papular tourist destination. on the west side Aliot village are many small village NALLAH + MORAH + TAKEE

At a distance of 4 km Sangoot Village is one of the most beautiful place in Aliot. A greenish and hilly area you can see a very charming view of Aliot village and mostly peoples going there for Rabbite hunting. really beautiful area.  

  

Gilgit
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Gilgit Baltistan
Bagrote Sarai Hotel Bagrote Sarai Hotel
photo by: Iftikhar Bagoro
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Gilgit
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Gilgit is a beautiful city of paGilgit (Hindi: गिलगित, Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. Gilgit City forms a tehsil of Gilgit, within Gilgit District. Its ancient name was Sargin, later to be known as Gilit, and it is still called Gilit or Sargin-Gilit by local people. In the Burushaski language, it is named Geelt and in Wakhi and Khowar it is called Gilt. Ghallata is considered its name in ancient Sanskrit literature. Gilgit City is one of the two major hubs in the Northern Areas for mountaineering expeditions to the Karakoram and other the peaks in the Himalayas, the other hub being Skardu. Gilgit was an important city on the Silk Road, along which Buddhism was spread from South Asia to the rest of Asia. The Dards and Chinas appear in many of the old Pauranic lists of peoples who lived in the region, with the former also mentioned in Ptolemy's accounts of the region. Two famous travellers, Faxian and Xuanzang, traversed Gilgit according to their accounts. The former rulers had the title of Ra, and there is reason to suppose that they were at one time Hindus, but for the last five centuries and a half they have been Mohammedans. The names of the Hindu Ras have been lost, with the exception of the last of their number, Shri Buddutt. Tradition relates that he was killed by a Mohammedan adventurer, who married his daughter and founded a new dynasty, since called Trakhàn, from a celebrated Ra named Trakhan, who reigned about the commencement of the fourteenth century. The previous rulers—of whom Shri Buddutt was the last—were called Shahreis.
private private
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G;lgit
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Beautiful city
gilgit gilgit
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MAKHAD SHARIF
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MAKHAD SHARIF IS A CITY
sad
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Lahore to Sadiqabad

Khairpur Tamewali
Region
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Machulu Baltistan
Region
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Machulu is the most famouse region in Baltistan.
Tibbi Qaisrani
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Tibbi Qaisrani (Tibbi Kaura Khan Qaisrani) is well growing Union Counsel of tehsil Taunsa.
Population: 30,000 approximately
          There is only one girls high school for this highly populated area, and a secondary school for boys. This area is mostly agricultural and most of the people belong to agriculture..
           This land produced many highly dignified people. Sardar Kaura Khan Qaisrani was one of them. He was the Hero of history. He faught against the English during Their reign.
        In his honor this city was named as Tibbi Kaura Khan, later it was changed to Tibbi Qaisrani. PTV (Pakistan Television) telecast a play named "Kaura Khan" in a series of "Wafa Kay Paikar" to solute this great Hero of history.
I am Proud to be his grand son


Engr. Mohammad Hayat Qaisrani
Tibbi Qaisrani

Tibbi Qaisrani Tibbi Qaisrani
photo by: Engr. Mohammad Hayat Qaisrani
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Mirpurkhas
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One of the oldest city of Pakistan, which has the ancient site of Kaho-jo-Daro.
Ahmad Pur Lamma
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Ahmad pur Lamma

www.ahmadpurlamma.webs.com

is a town in Punjab near the border of Sindh and Punjab.
It comes under the Distric Rahim Yar Khan,next to Sadiqabad.
'Lamma'is a word used for 'west' in Sairiki Language.

History:

It was developed by Nawab of Bahawal Pur,and named it after the name of local Nawab 'Ahmad Kahn Abasi'
the village was reshaped by the Nawab in 1764.No historical Event took place here.
Both Hindu and Muslim peasants made the town prosperous.At that time,under the order of Nawab Bahawal, sub Tehsil was established here, which became Tehsil, soon. Although the town is very historical and important but due to lake of Govermental Intrest Revenue had been the main problem of this town,even now in 21st century.
Unfortune for the town,when British laid the railway line from Peshawar to Sind through Bahawalpur State, it passed through Sadiqabad.
Its status of tehsil was confiscated in the favour of Sadiqabad another village, later turned into a busy city. Ahmad pur lamma became a town committee, a sad incident for the locals. Town never recovered from the shock.

Geographic Aspects:

Latitude 28.3167, Longitude 70.0500, Altitude (feet) 249 ,Lat (DMS) 28° 19' 0N Long (DMS) 70° 2' 60 E Altitude (meters) 75
Ahmad pur lamma is situated at the border of Punjab and sind, on the road from Sadiqabad to Bhong. It has a long hot summer with very low annual rain .Winter is short and dry.(wikipedia)

Social Life:

It is near to Sarikistan so most of the people here are Sariki speaking.Pujabi,Rajpot are not less in number.People of Ahmad Pur Lamma are very simple and not money oriented.Although Exceptions are there.Their dresses are very simple.
they like to sit togather.In Ahmad Pur Lamma you can See the people enjoying the company of friends for hours without any tensions.

Historical Places:

The mud made Town Fort,Basharat shah,Shrines of Hazrat Fazil shah, Khaki shah
Haveli Mukhi Sat ram , Rang Mahal etc.

Education:

In the past the town remained very backward in education,and this situation is still going on.
People like to send their children for work instead of sending them to school.
But Al-Hamd-U-Lillah this culture is vanishing now.
Ahmad Pur Lamma has produced a number of people who contributed a lot towards the improvement of their own life Styles,but none thought of improving their birth place.(exceptions are their).
The students who want a good education have no chance of getting it within the town.Thy have to go to Sadiqabad or Rahim Yar Kahn.

Problems of the Town:

The town remained neglect in any sort of development work by the Government of Pakistan.
The Only Govrnment High School didn't have any boundary wall.
Coming towards health,the only govrment hospital even don't have the basic facilities as compared to other cities of Pakistan.
There is no proper bus stop in the town...and many more.

Hopes:

The town need the attention of the government.
We expect nothing from Our political Leaders,because they are thre to serve themselves not the people(sorry to say,but a reality).We expect a lot from our young generation,and Educated personalities.We will Solve our problems ourselves if the government couldn't.
We are struggling for betterment and I hope one day we will make Ahmad Pur Lamma,a city which become a proud for people of Pakistan ....'''IN SHA ALLAH'''.

Note:
This page is under construction and I need help for its betterment...There may be mistakes....but its a struggle...
If you have any suggestions please write me freely.

E-mail : shahzadjaved_uet@yahoo.com
Muhammad Shahzad Javed

a temple top a temple top
photo by: Ghulam Abbas Bhatti
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Khanpur Mahar
City
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Khanpur Mahar is a City of  Tehsil Khangarh Sharif District
Ghotki in the Sindh state of Pakistan.

The city is agricultarally an economic infux as a centre for
sugarcane and cotton crops.

It is largest City of the Ghotki District, in terms of its area.

The famous Cholistan Desert is mainly located in the Khanpur Mahar area.

Khanpur Mahar has very hot weather around the year and winter only lasts for 3 months.

Khanpur Mahar has very fertile land and main crops it produces are Cotton,Wheat and Rice.


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