Kohat Travel Guide

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  Kohat , A major town of the North-West Frontier Province . It is a division and districts headquarter. The town is 37 m. south of Peshawar by the Dara Adam Khel( Kohat Pass ), along which a military road was opened in 1901. The famous and dangerous bounteous road over the Kotal post is now bypassed by most beautiful Kohat Tunnel. Kohat is linked to Islamabad and is 160 miles west and now a comfortable highway links Kohat to Bannu and Waziristan and to Zoab Baluchistan and on other side Indus High links to Multan and Karachi and Sindh. On the west road leads to Hangu, Thal and Kurram Agency. Geography: Name, Location, Boundary and Area As mentioned in the history, in the Buddhist times, two Rajas namely Adh and Kohat settled along the northern border of the district. Raja Kohat gave his name to the town of Kohat and Raja Adh to the fort, the ruins of which are found on the hill side north of Muhammadzai, a village 6 kilometers to the west of Kohat. Another version about this name is that it is a combination of two words, "Koh and Hat" meaning mountain market i.e. a bazzar situated in the mountain.
The district lies between 33° - 04’ and 33° - 34’ north latitudes and 70° - 29’ and 72° - 01' east longitudes. It is bounded on the north by Orakzai agency, tribal areas adjoining Kohat, Peshawar and Nowshera districts, on the east by Attock district of the Punjab province, on the south by Mianwali district of the Punjab province and Karak district and on the west by Hangu district and Orakzai agency of FATA. The total area of the district is 2545 square kilometers. Topography: The topography of the district is dominated by the mountains and hills. In the northwest of the district the important ranges include lower Miranzai and Bangash, which run in an eastwest direction. Further in the south is Kamar -Tanda. The height of these ranges varies from 650 to 1000 meters above the sea level. In the northeast the Sowaki and Adan Khel hills run in a southwest -northeast direction. These hills gradually rise in the extreme northeastern part of the district. The intervening open valleys between the hills are seldom more than eight kilometers in width. The Kohat valley is most important agriculturally rich area. Generally, the district is elevated and the ranges attain only inconsiderable heights above the plain area. The headquarter town of Kohat is more than 550 meters above the sea level. Rivers and Streams: The river Indus forms the eastern boundary of the district, which separates it from the province of Punjab . Kohat Toi is a principal stream, which enters from Hangu district and flowing to east and southeast, drains into river Indus. The river has a small perennial flow, which disappears before it reaches the town of Kohat , it reappears again at some distance down stream and then flows continuously to the Indus. The Kohat Toi has several small torrents or tributaries, which join it at different places. Another, stream Teri Toi, which flows from west to east, in the southern half of the district, joins the river Indus. The river has a title or no perennial flow History: The early history of the district is limited to the vaguest traditions. It is said that in the Buddhist times, two Rajas named Adh and Kohat settled along with the northern border of the district. The remnants of the Buddhist day is a road cut off the mountain side, on the western skirts of the Jawaki hills near Kotal Post which leads by an even gradient towards the crest. The first historical mention of Kohat is to be found in the memoirs of Emperor Babar who visited Kohat in I 1505 AD. Babar in his memoirs calls the inhabitants of the area as Afghan. After Babar the history of Kohat revolves around two major tribes are Bangash and Khattak. These people appear to have settled in the district, during 14th am 15th centuries. From 16th to 18th centuries, Kohat remained as a part of Afghanistan Kingdom , administered by the Chiefs of two afore mentioned tribes. In the beginning of 19th century Kohat came under the control of Sikhs who ultimately withdrew leaving to the administrative control of Khan of Teri in 1836 AD. Kohat was finally annexed to the British dominion on 28th March 1849 with the rest of Punjab and an Assistant Commissioner was posted here to run the administration and to look after the British interests. In the initial stages of the British administration, the locals of the area posed considerable problems. Later on some of the tribe joined with the British Government and helped them in running the affairs of the ar smoothly. Nevertheless, the Britishers were never at peace in this part of their Kingdom as resistance and opposition always cropped from one quarter or the other. But their tactics of "Divide and Rule" ultimately strengthened their hold over the region. They put one tribe against the other by giving preference to one against the other and finally succeeded in administration them. An example of British un-rest in this area is the event of the brave Afridi Ajab Khan, who forced to surrender the entire British administration of the district against his demands. Ethnicity and Tribes: The major tribes are Bangash and Khattak along with Syyed, Awan, Shinwari, Sheikhan and Paracha which form the part of the population of the district. In addition to the above the Afridis from Darra have settled in Babri Banda and the Orakzai Wazir in the adjacent areas of Kohat and Tanda dam. A good number of Indian Refugees, Afghan refugees and Behari repatriates from Bangladesh have settled in Kohat. The major tribes in Frontier Region Kohat are Zarghum Khel , Akhurwal , Sheraki , Toor Chappar and Bosti Khel. Pushto is the predominant language while in several areas Hindku is mostly spoken and understood. Transport: Much of the transport is privately operated within the city limits. There are also many buses that pass through the city via the Indus Highway passes through the district. Some of the main roads include (i) Kohat Khushal Garh road (ii) Kohat Hangu road (iii) Kohat Dhoda Guddi road (iv) Jata Shakardara road. Villages and towns: Lachi is the largest town of Kohat with population of more then 53000 according to 1998 census. Its location is on main Indus Highway , makes town of worth importance. Town is famous for fresh vegetables and delicious local food Pakoras.   Lachi Billitang Gandyale Bala
Togh Bala
Kharmato
Banda Jalal Abad
Bahadar Kot
Paracha Town
Usterzai Payan
Usterzai Bala
Sherkot
Ali Zai /Khade Zai
Kachai
Muhammad Zai
Nusrat Khel
Gumbat
Shakardara
Barh
Togh
jabbi                                                                                                                              Meri Colony Sumari Bala Sumari Payan                                                                                                                     Media:
Radio Pakistan FM94 MHz   Education Institution: Cadet College, Kohat
Garison Cadet College, Kohat
Army Public School, Kohat
PAF Inter College, Kohat
Gandhara College, Kohat
FG Boys High School, Kohat
City School, Kohat
Cantonment Board Public School, Kohat
Fauji Foundation model school, Kohat
St. Joseph's Convent High School, Kohat
Jack n Jill High School, Kohat
Government High School No. 1 for Boys, Kohat
Government High School No. 2 for Boys, Kohat
Government High School No. 3 for Boys, Kohat
Government High School No. 4 for Boys, Kohat
Government Comprehensive High Scholl, Pindi Road, Kohat
Al-Hafiz Fazal Public High School, Kohat
Sir Syed Public High School, Kohat
DILS Academy, Kohat Pakistan Foundation Academy K.D.A Kohat Sun beam public High School, Kohat city   Colleges and Universities: Kohat University of Science & Technology
Kohat Medical College
Kohat Law College
Preston University
Govt Girls Degree College
Govt Degree College No.2 for Boys, Peshawar Road, Kohat
FG Degree College for Girls
Govt Post Graduate College for Boys, Rawalpindi Road, Kohat
Central Science College for Boys, KDA Kohat
Gandhara College for Boys, KDA Kohat
Fatima Jinnah College for Girls, KDA Kohat

Part or or all of this text stems from the original article at: http://www.kohat.sdnpk.org/

Contributors

March 22, 2007 change by tariq5

April 23, 2009 change by bangash

February 10, 2006 change by giorgio

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